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International Journal of Endocrinology
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 613475, 9 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/613475
Research Article

Effects of Age and Sex on Estimated Diabetes Prevalence Using Different Diagnostic Criteria: The Tromsø OGTT Study

1Tromsø Endocrine Research Group, Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Tromsø, 9037 Tromsø, Norway
2Division of Internal Medicine, University Hospital of North Norway, 9038 Tromsø, Norway
3Department of Community Medicine, University of Tromsø, 9037 Tromsø, Norway
4Department of Medical Biology, University of Tromsø, 9037 Tromsø, Norway
5Division of Laboratory Medicine, University Hospital of North Norway, 9038 Tromsø, Norway

Received 27 September 2012; Revised 4 December 2012; Accepted 5 December 2012

Academic Editor: Mario Maggi

Copyright © 2013 Moira Strand Hutchinson et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Hb 6.5% has recently been recommended as an alternative diagnostic criterion for diabetes. The aims of the study were to evaluate the effects of age, sex, and other factors on prevalence of diabetes and to compare risk profiles of subjects with diabetes when defined by Hb and glucose criteria. Subjects were recruited among participants in the longitudinal population-based Tromsø Study. Hb , fasting plasma glucose, and 2-hour plasma glucose were measured in 3,476 subjects. In total, 294 subjects met one or more of the diagnostic criteria for diabetes; 95 met the Hb criterion only, 130 met the glucose criteria only, and 69 met both. Among subjects with diabetes detected by glucose criteria (regardless of Hb ), isolated raised 2-hour plasma glucose was more common in subjects aged ≥ 60 years as compared to younger subjects and in elderly women as compared to elderly men. Subjects with diabetes detected by glucose criteria only had worse cardiometabolic risk profiles than those detected by Hb only. In conclusion, the current Hb and glucose criteria defined different subjects with diabetes with only modest overlap. Among a substantial proportion of elderly subjects, and especially elderly women, the 2-hour plasma glucose was the only abnormal value.