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International Journal of Endocrinology
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 678159, 11 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/678159
Review Article

Obesity and Inflammation: Epidemiology, Risk Factors, and Markers of Inflammation

1Biomedical Research Unit of the Mexican Social Security Institute at Durango, Predio Canoas 100, Los Angeles, 34067 Durango, DGO, Mexico
2Faculty of Medicine and Nutrition, Juárez University of Durango State, Av. Universidad and Fanny Anitúa s/n, Zona Centro, 34000 Durango, DGO, Mexico

Received 14 January 2013; Accepted 27 March 2013

Academic Editor: Abdelfattah El Ouaamari

Copyright © 2013 Heriberto Rodríguez-Hernández et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Obesity is a public health problem that has reached epidemic proportions with an increasing worldwide prevalence. The global emergence of obesity increases the risk of developing chronic metabolic disorders. Thus, it is an economic issue that increased the costs of the comorbidities associated. Moreover, in recent years, it has been demonstrated that obesity is associated with chronic systemic inflammation, this status is conditioned by the innate immune system activation in adipose tissue that promotes an increase in the production and release of pro-inflammatory cytokines that contribute to the triggering of the systemic acute-phase response which is characterized by elevation of acute-phase protein levels. On this regard, low-grade chronic inflammation is a characteristic of various chronic diseases such as metabolic syndrome, cardiovascular disease, diabetes, hypertension, non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, and some cancers, among others, which are also characterized by obesity condition. Thus, a growing body of evidence supports the important role that is played by the inflammatory response in obesity condition and the pathogenesis of chronic diseases related.