Table 1: Characteristics of patients of the study groups (M P25−P75).

CharacteristicNormoalbuminuria groupMicroalbuminuria groupP value

Sex (F/M)66/6462/58NS
Smoker (%)21.522.5NS
Age (yrs)50.7048.82–52.6051.9449.71–54.25NS
Duration of diabetes (yrs)6.795.69–8.037.466.32–8.38NS
Waist circumference (cm)79.8878.25–81.49 83.2581.55–84.88<0.05
Hip circumference (cm)85.1683.84–86.2389.688.2–102.5<0.05
BMI (kg/m2) 23.3422.65–24.25 25.5525.02–26.37<0.05
Systolic BP (mmHg)116.4813.38–119.77117.14113.65–120.34NS
Diastolic BP (mmHg)74.9273.5–76.773.6571.76–75.45NS
FBG (mmoL)8.387.55–9.2511.6510.62–12.64<0.05
HbA1c (%)6.546.31–6.827.927.72–8.15<0.05
Total cholesterol (mmol/L)4.464.22–4.704.664.52–4.88NS
Triglycerides (mmol/L)1.521.26–1.782.121.85–2.39<0.05
LDL cholesterol (mmol/L)3.052.79–3.293.152.97–3.30NS
HDL cholesterol (mmol/L)0.920.84–0.970.920.86–0.96NS
UAER (mg/24 hr)11.259.49–12.887.5574.56–100.58<0.05
IMT (mm) 0.750.72–0.770.920.87–0.95<0.05

NS: not significant; F/M: female/male; BP: blood pressure; BMI: body mass index; FBG: fasting blood glucose; LDL: low density lipoprotein; HDL: high density lipoprotein; UAGR: urinary albumin excretion rate.