Table 1: The principal characteristics of the research objects.

ParametersAll the objects ( )The male objects ( )The female objects ( )

Age (year)51.9 ± 13.349.8 ± 13.057.1 ± 12.0#
Height (cm)164.76 ± 8.56168.80 ± 6.45*156.10 ± 5.49**##
Weight (kg)65.92 ± 11.5069.74 ± 9.9757.45 ± 9.79**##
BMI (kg/m2)24.16 ± 3.0924.43 ± 2.9123.48 ± 3.29
Course of DM (month)67.8 ± 53.756.2 ± 49.992.3 ± 54.6#
sCr (μmol/L)72.4 ± 12.578.0 ± 11.0*60.6 ± 9.2**##
Ca (mmol/L)2.37 ± 0.132.37 ± 0.132.37 ± 0.11
Ostase (μg/L)13.98 ± 4.0913.34 ± 3.2115.33 ± 5.35
PTH (ng/L)36.41 ± 10.9538.69 ± 15.5335.89 ± 10.00
HbA1c (%)9.6 ± 2.39.3 ± 2.39.9 ± 2.1
Fasting blood glucose (mmol/L)7.92 ± 1.818.11 ± 1.647.90 ± 2.61
Fasting insulin (μIU/mL)6.04 ± 3.065.74 ± 3.166.56 ± 2.60
HOMA-β (%)33.56 ± 22.9928.37 ± 15.8243.74 ± 31.91#
HOMA-IR2.13 ± 1.272.10 ± 1.362.23 ± 0.98
tOC (ng/mL)4.08 ± 0.954.03 ± 0.914.31 ± 1.06
ucOC (pg/mL)19.91 ± 9.7621.04 ± 12.6621.16 ± 10.53

when compared with all the objects. * when compared with all the objects. ## when compared with the male objects. # when compared with the male objects.