Table 1: Patient characteristics.

Parameter Value

Age (years, mean ± SD)
Sex (males/females)38/24
Diabetes type (2/1)59/3
Diabetes duration (years, mean ± SD)
Ulcer duration (median, IQR)*2 (1.0–4.25)
ABI (mean ± SD)
NDS (mean ± SD)
NSS (median, IQR)2 (0–4)
PEDIS infection grade (median, IQR)2 (2-3)
Total microbial load (CFUS, median, IQR)275000 (0.0–24900000)
Number of isolates on tissue culture (median, IQR)1 (0–2)
WBC (mean ± SD)
PLT (mean ± SD)
Ht% (mean ± SD)
CRP (mg/dL, median, IQR)1.2 (0.72–2.93)
Urea (mg/dL, median, IQR)41.50 (34.00–56.25)
Creatinine (mg/dL, median, IQR)1.00 (0.80–1.20)
AST (U/L, mean ± SD)
ALT (U/L, mean ± SD)
HbA1c (%, mean ± SD)
LDL (mg/dl, mean ± SD)
HDL (mg/dl, mean ± SD)
TC (mg/dl, mean ± SD)
TGs (mg/dl, mean ± SD)
SUA (mg/dl, mean ± SD)
CPK (U/L, mean ± SD)
FPG (mg/dl, mean ± SD)

Duration of ulcer in months, as based on medical history.
ABI: ankle-brachial index; ALT: alanine aminotransferase; AST: aspartate aminotransferase; CFUs: colony-forming units; CPK: creatine phosphokinase; CRP: c-reactive protein; FPG: fasting plasma glucose; HDL: high-density lipoprotein cholesterol; Ht%: haematocrit; IQR: interquartile range; LDL: low-density lipoprotein cholesterol; NDS: neuropathy disability score; NSS: neuropathy symptom score; PEDIS: grade of diabetic foot infection, according to the International Working Group on the Diabetic Foot; PLT: platelet count; SD: standard deviation; SUA: serum uric acid; TC: total cholesterol; TGs: triglycerides; WBC: white blood cell count.