- About this Journal
- Abstracting and Indexing
- Aims and Scope
- Article Processing Charges
- Articles in Press
- Author Guidelines
- Bibliographic Information
- Citations to this Journal
- Contact Information
- Editorial Board
- Editorial Workflow
- Free eTOC Alerts
- Publication Ethics
- Reviewers Acknowledgment
- Submit a Manuscript
- Subscription Information
- Table of Contents
International Journal of Ecology
Volume 2011 (2011), Article ID 435357, 15 pages
Ecological Divergence and the Origins of Intrinsic Postmating Isolation with Gene Flow
1Department of Ecology & Evolutionary Biology, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, M5S 3B2, Canada
2Department of Biological Sciences, University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, IN 46556, USA
3Institute for Advanced Study, Wissenschaftskolleg, 14193 Berlin, Germany
4Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Boulder, Boulder, CO 80309, USA
Received 25 April 2011; Revised 14 June 2011; Accepted 21 June 2011
Academic Editor: Zachariah Gompert
Copyright © 2011 Aneil F. Agrawal et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
- J. A. Coyne and H. A. Orr, “Patterns of speciation in Drosophila,” Evolution, vol. 43, pp. 362–381, 1989.
- J. Ramsey, H. D. Bradshaw, and D. W. Schemske, “Components of reproductive isolation between the monkeyflowers Mimulus lewisii and M. cardinalis (Phrymaceae),” Evolution, vol. 57, no. 7, pp. 1520–1534, 2003.
- J. A. Coyne and H. A. Orr, Speciation, Sinauer Associates, Sunderland, Mass, USA, 2004.
- P. Nosil, T. H. Vines, and D. J. Funk, “Perspective: reproductive isolation caused by natural selection against immigrants from divergent habitats,” Evolution, vol. 59, no. 4, pp. 705–719, 2005.
- C. I. Wu and C. T. Ting, “Genes and speciation,” Nature Reviews Genetics, vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 114–122, 2004.
- H. A. Orr, “The genetic basis of reproductive isolation: insights from Drosophila,” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, vol. 102, no. 1, pp. 6522–6526, 2005.
- D. C. Presgraves, “Speciation genetics: epistasis, conflict and the origin of species,” Current Biology, vol. 17, no. 4, pp. R125–R127, 2007.
- N. Phadnis and H. A. Orr, “A single gene causes both male sterility and segregation distortion in Drosophila hybrids,” Science, vol. 323, no. 5912, pp. 376–379, 2009.
- S. Tang and D. C. Presgraves, “Evolution of the Drosophila nuclear pore complex results in multiple hybrid incompatibilities,” Science, vol. 323, no. 5915, pp. 779–782, 2009.
- W. Bateson, “Heredity and variation in modern lights,” in Darwin and Modern Science, A. C. Seward, Ed., pp. 85–101, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, 1909.
- T. Dobzhansky, Genetics and the Origin of Species, Columbia University Press, New York, NY, USA, 1st edition, 1973.
- H. J. Muller, “Bearing of the Drosophila work on systematics,” in The New Systematics, J. Huxley, Ed., pp. 185–268, Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK, 1940.
- H. J. Muller, “Isolating mechanisms, evolution, and temerature,” Biology Symposium, vol. 6, pp. 71–125, 1942.
- S. Gavrilets, Fitness Landscapes and the Origin of Species, Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ, USA, 2004.
- J. B. S. Haldane, “The theory of a cline,” Journal of Genetics, vol. 48, no. 3, pp. 277–284, 1948.
- B. Clarke, “Evolution of morph-ratio clines,” American Naturalist, vol. 100, pp. 389–402, 1966.
- J. A. Endler, “Gene flow and population differentiation,” Science, vol. 179, no. 4070, p. 243, 1973.
- J. A. Endler, Geographic Variation, Speciation, and Clines, Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ, USA, 1977.
- N. H. Barton and G. M. Hewitt, “Analysis of hybrid zones,” Annual review of ecology and systematics, vol. 16, pp. 113–148, 1985.
- N. H. Barton and G. M. Hewitt, “Adaptation, speciation and hybrid zones,” Nature, vol. 341, no. 6242, pp. 497–503, 1989.
- D. J. Funk, “Isolating a role for natural selection in speciation: host adaptation and sexual isolation in Neochlamisus bebbianae leaf beetles,” Evolution, vol. 52, no. 6, pp. 1744–1759, 1998.
- D. Schluter, “Ecological causes of speciation,” in Endless Forms: Species and Speciation, D. J. Howard and S. H. Berlocher, Eds., pp. 114–129, Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK, 1998.
- D. Schluter, “Ecology and the origin of species,” Trends in Ecology & Evolution, vol. 16, no. 7, pp. 372–380, 2001.
- H. D. Rundle and P. Nosil, “Ecological speciation,” Ecology Letters, vol. 8, no. 3, pp. 336–352, 2005.
- D. J. Funk, P. Nosil, and W. J. Etges, “Ecological divergence exhibits consistently positive associations with reproductive isolation across disparate taxa,” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, vol. 103, no. 9, pp. 3209–3213, 2006.
- D. Schluter, “Evidence for ecological speciation and its alternative,” Science, vol. 323, no. 5915, pp. 737–741, 2009.
- M. Nei, T. Maruyama, and C. Wu, “Models of evolution of reproductive isolation,” Genetics, vol. 103, no. 3, pp. 557–579, 1983.
- H. A. Orr, “The population genetics of speciation: the evolution of hybrid incompatibilities,” Genetics, vol. 139, no. 4, pp. 1805–1813, 1995.
- M. Slatkin, “Epistatic selection opposed by immigration in multiple locus genetic systems,” Journal of Evolutionary Biology, vol. 8, no. 5, pp. 623–633, 1995.
- N. H. Barton, “The role of hybridization in evolution,” Molecular Ecology, vol. 10, no. 3, pp. 551–568, 2001.
- H. A. Orr and L. H. Orr, “Waiting for speciation: the effect of population subdivision on the time to speciation,” Evolution, vol. 50, no. 5, pp. 1742–1749, 1996.
- S. Gavrilets, “Hybrid zones with Dobzhansky-type epistatic selection,” Evolution, vol. 51, no. 4, pp. 1027–1035, 1997.
- H. A. Orr and M. Turelli, “The evolution of postzygotic isolation: accumulating Dobzhansky-Muller incompatibilities,” Evolution, vol. 55, no. 6, pp. 1085–1094, 2001.
- S. A. Church and D. R. Taylor, “The evolution of reproductive isolation in spatially structured populations,” Evolution, vol. 56, no. 9, pp. 1859–1862, 2002.
- A. H. Porter and N. A. Johnson, “Speciation despite gene flow when developmental pathways evolve,” Evolution, vol. 56, no. 11, pp. 2103–2111, 2002.
- A. S. Kondrashov, “Accumulation of Dobzhansky-Muller incompatibilities within a spatially structured population,” Evolution, vol. 57, no. 1, pp. 151–153, 2003.
- A. Navarro and N. H. Barton, “Accumulating postzygotic isolation genes in parapatry: a new twist on chromosomal speciation,” Evolution, vol. 57, no. 3, pp. 447–459, 2003.
- S. Gavrilets and A. Hastings, “Founder effect speciation: a theoretical reassessment,” American Naturalist, vol. 147, no. 3, pp. 466–491, 1996.
- S. Gavrilets, “Waiting time to parapatric speciation,” Proceedings of the Royal Society B, vol. 267, no. 1461, pp. 2483–2492, 2000.
- G. A. Hoelzer, R. Drewes, J. Meier, and R. Doursat, “Isolation-by-distance and outbreeding depression are sufficient to drive parapatric speciation in the absence of environmental influences,” PLoS Computational Biology, vol. 4, no. 7, Article ID e1000126, 2008.
- P. Nosil and S. M. Flaxman, “Conditions for mutation-order speciation,” Proceedings of the Royal Society B, vol. 278, pp. 399–407, 2011.
- H. D. Rundle and M. C. Whitlock, “A genetic interpretation of ecologically dependent isolation,” Evolution, vol. 55, no. 1, pp. 198–201, 2001.
- R. A. Fisher, The Genetical Theory of Natural Selection, Claredon Press, Oxford, UK, 1930.
- M. Turelli, N. H. Barton, and J. A. Coyne, “Theory and speciation,” Trends in Ecology & Evolution, vol. 16, no. 7, pp. 330–343, 2001.
- M. R. Macnair and P. Christie, “Reproductive isolation as a pleiotropic effect of copper tolerance in Mimulus-guttatus,” Heredity, vol. 50, pp. 295–302, 1983.
- D. I. Bolnick, T. J. Near, and P. C. Wainwright, “Body size divergence promotes post-zygotic reproductive isolation in centrarchids,” Evolutionary Ecology Research, vol. 8, no. 5, pp. 903–913, 2006.
- J. R. Dettman, C. Sirjusingh, L. M. Kohn, and J. B. Anderson, “Incipient speciation by divergent adaptation and antagonistic epistasis in yeast,” Nature, vol. 447, no. 7144, pp. 585–588, 2007.
- H. Y. Lee, J. Y. Chou, L. Cheong, N. H. Chang, S. Y. Yang, and J. Y. Leu, “Incompatibility of nuclear and mitochondrial genomes causes hybrid sterility between two yeast species,” Cell, vol. 135, no. 6, pp. 1065–1073, 2008.
- S. Gavrilets, “Perspective: models of speciation: what have we learned in 40 years?” Evolution, vol. 57, no. 10, pp. 2197–2215, 2003.
- A. P. Hendry, P. Nosil, and L. H. Rieseberg, “The speed of ecological speciation,” Functional Ecology, vol. 21, no. 3, pp. 455–464, 2007.
- P. Nosil, “Adaptive population divergence in cryptic color-pattern following a reduction in gene flow,” Evolution, vol. 63, no. 7, pp. 1902–1912, 2009.
- L. A. Zhivotovsky and F. B. Christiansen, “The selection barrier between populations subject to stabilizing selection,” Evolution, vol. 49, no. 3, pp. 490–501, 1995.
- B. O. Bengtsson, The Flow of Genes through a Genetic Barrier, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, 1985.
- K. V. Pylkov, L. A. Zhivotovsky, and F. B. Christiansen, “The strength of the selection barrier between populations,” Genetical Research, vol. 76, no. 2, pp. 179–185, 2000.
- M. Turelli and H. A. Orr, “The dominance theory of Haldane's rule,” Genetics, vol. 140, no. 1, pp. 389–402, 1995.
- D. C. Presgraves, L. Balagopalan, S. M. Abmayr, and H. A. Orr, “Adaptive evolution drives divergence of a hybrid inviability gene between two species of Drosophila,” Nature, vol. 423, no. 6941, pp. 715–719, 2003.
- N. H. Barton, D. E. G. Briggs, J. A. Eisen, D. B. Goldstein, and N. H. Patel, Evolution, CSHL Press, Cold Spring Harbor, NY, USA, 2007.
- H. A. Orr and D. C. Presgraves, “Speciation by postzygotic isolation: forces, genes and molecules,” BioEssays, vol. 22, no. 12, pp. 1085–1094, 2000.
- K. Bomblies, “Doomed lovers: mechanisms of isolation and incompatibility in plants,” Annual Review of Plant Biology, vol. 61, pp. 109–124, 2010.
- L. H. Rieseberg and B. K. Blackman, “Speciation genes in plants,” Annals of Botany, vol. 106, no. 3, pp. 439–455, 2010.
- P. Nosil and D. Schluter, “The genes underlying the process of speciation,” Trends in Ecology & Evolution, vol. 26, pp. 160–167, 2011.
- D. A. Barbash, D. F. Siino, A. M. Tarone, and J. Roote, “A rapidly evolving MYB-related protein causes species isolation in Drosophila,” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, vol. 100, no. 9, pp. 5302–5307, 2003.
- D. A. Barbash, P. Awadalla, and A. M. Tarone, “Functional divergence caused by ancient positive selection of a Drosophila hybrid incompatibility locus,” PLoS Biology, vol. 2, no. 6, pp. 839–848, 2004.
- J. Mallet, “What does Drosophila genetics tell us about speciation?” Trends in Ecology & Evolution, vol. 21, no. 7, pp. 386–393, 2006.
- D. C. Presgraves, “Does genetic conflict drive rapid molecular evolution of nuclear transport genes in Drosophila?” BioEssays, vol. 29, no. 4, pp. 386–391, 2007.
- T. C. Mendelson, “Sexual isolation evolves faster than hybrid inviability in a diverse and sexually dimorphic genus of fish (Percidae: Etheostoma),” Evolution, vol. 57, no. 2, pp. 317–327, 2003.