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International Journal of Ecology
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 375260, 10 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/375260
Research Article

What Explains Forest Grouse Mortality: Predation Impacts of Raptors, Vole Abundance, or Weather Conditions?

1Department of Biology, University of Oulu, P.O. Box 3000, 90014 Oulu, Finland
2Section of Ecology, Department of Biology, University of Turku, 20014 Turku, Finland

Received 31 July 2011; Revised 22 December 2011; Accepted 5 January 2012

Academic Editor: Chandra Prakash Kala

Copyright © 2012 Risto Tornberg et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

How to Cite this Article

Risto Tornberg, Vitali Reif, and Erkki Korpimäki, “What Explains Forest Grouse Mortality: Predation Impacts of Raptors, Vole Abundance, or Weather Conditions?,” International Journal of Ecology, vol. 2012, Article ID 375260, 10 pages, 2012. doi:10.1155/2012/375260