Table 3: Comparisons between observed (lower and upper) and predicted canid distributions analyzed using the chi-square goodness-of-fit test [14]. Significant differences between distributions were detected using Bailey simultaneous confidence intervals. Habitats that were avoided were used less frequently than predicted; preferred habitats were used more than predicted.

HabitatProportionSelection
LowerUpperPredicted

Coyotes: observed versus predicted
 Shrub-steppe0.02200.03850.2770Avoid6<0.0001
 Grassland0.33290.37880.3240Prefer6 <0.05
 Stable dune0.24260.28490.0970Prefer6<0.0001
 Greasewood0.19890.23860.1560Prefer6<0.0001
 Chenopod0.09200.12160.0440Prefer6<0.0001
 Pickleweed0.00300.01250.0290Avoid6<0.0001
 Urban0.01290.02620.0730Avoid6 <0.0001

Mountain Foxes: observed versus predicted
 Shrub-steppe0.62500.69920.2793Prefer6<0.0001
 Grassland0.19150.25690.3624Avoid6<0.0001
 Stable dune0.07260.12320.11116 >0.05
 Greasewood0.00570.02430.1251Avoid6<0.0001
 Chenopod0.00000.00810.0400Avoid6<0.0001
 Pickleweed0.00150.00430.0290Avoid6<0.0001
 Urban0.00150.00430.0531Avoid6<0.0001

Grassland Foxes: observed versus predicted
 Shrub-steppe0.16220.25240.2793Avoid6<0.0001
 Grassland0.71810.81240.3624Prefer6<0.0001
 Stable dune0.00000.01650.1111Avoid6<0.0001
 Greasewood0.00570.03620.1251Avoid6 <0.05
 Chenopod0.00010.01740.0400Avoid6 <0.05
 Pickleweed0.00300.00860.0290Avoid6<0.0001
 Urban0.00300.00860.0531Avoid6 >0.05

City Foxes: observed versus predicted
 Shrub-steppe0.00230.00650.2793Avoid6<0.0001
 Grassland0.01820.05370.3624Avoid6<0.0001
 Stable dune0.00870.03670.1111Avoid6<0.0001
 Greasewood0.08630.14820.12516 >0.05
 Chenopod0.10990.17730.0400Prefer6<0.0001
 Pickleweed0.00230.00650.0290Avoid6 <0.001
 Urban0.64300.73220.0531Prefer6<0.0001

Poverty Foxes: observed versus predicted
 Shrub-steppe0.00610.03150.2793Avoid6<0.0001
 Grassland0.00730.03410.3624Avoid6<0.0001
 Stable dune0.06930.12670.11116 >0.05
 Greasewood0.00030.01460.1251Avoid6<0.0001
 Chenopod0.12390.19470.0400Prefer6<0.0001
 Pickleweed0.55100.64580.0290Prefer6<0.0001
 Urban0.08040.05310.0531Prefer6<0.0001