Table 1: A review of the bioeconomic habitat literature.

PaperGeneral model*AnalysisHabitat interaction (ecology)**ManagementEconomicsHabitat

Lynne et al. [21]Essential habitat (Case  4)Empirical ; Equilibrium modelOutput elasticity effort and habitat. Marginal products of effort and habitatMarshlands
Kahn and Kemp [22]Carrying capacity, a function of habitat but not essential (Case  1)Empirical , Open access (equilibrium harvest)Welfare losses: consumer and producer surplusSubmerged aquatic vegetation
Ellis and Fisher [23]Harvest function (Case  5)Empirical —direct one-to-one relationship, stock a function of habitatSole ownerChange in consumer and producer surplus resulting from change in habitatMarshlands
Kahn [17] Facultative habitat (Case  1 or 2)TheoreticalF(X, H), can impact either the growth rate or carrying capacityOpen accessWelfare lossesSubmerged aquatic vegetation (discussed)
Anderson [19]Facultative
(Case  1 or 2)
EmpiricalPreferred habitatOpen accessChange in producer surplus and consumer surplus resulting from change in habitatSeagrass
Swallow [24]Nonrenewable Essential (Case  4)TheoreticalSole ownerCoastal development discussed
Freeman [25]Harvest function, where habitat is an input instead of the fish stock (Case  5)Empirical —direct one-to-one relationship, stock a function of habitatSole owner
Open access
Change in consumer and producer surplus for different managements and varying elasticities of demandMarshlands
Swallow [26]Essential (Case  4)Empirical
Stock depends only on the habitat quality
Sole ownerWetlands
Barbier and Strand [16]Essential (Case  4)Empirical , carrying capacity, a function of habitat. Habitat essentialOpen accessMarginal product effort and habitat; output elasticity effort and habitatMangroves
Sathirathai and Barbier [27]Harvest function (Case  5)Empirical —direct one-to-one relationship, stock a function of habitatSole owner
Open access
Effect of changing demand elasticities for different management regimesMangroves
Barbier et al. [18]Essential (Case  4)Empirical
—carrying capacity a function of habitat Nonlinear
Open accessWelfare effects. Consumer surplus. Varying elasticity of demand.Mangroves
Knowler et al. [28]Beverton Holt, growthEmpiricalBeverton HoltEquilibriumSalmon habitats
Upton and Sutinen [13]Essential (Case  4)Theoretical
Habitat enters in both and
Open access
Sole owner
General
Foley et al. [20]Essential facultative (Case  3 and 4)Empirical ,
Habitat essential
Habitat facultative
Open accessMarginal products, output elasticityCold-water corals
Kahui and Armstrong [29]Essential facultative (Case  2 and  4) NonrenewableTheoreticalHabitat essential Habitat facultativeEquilibriumPositive effects of habitat on costs of harvestCold-water corals (discussed)

*Cases  1–5 refer to habitat interactions presented in this paper in Sections 3.2 and 3.3.
**The models are explained in Section 3.