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International Journal of Ecology
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 208979, 4 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/208979
Research Article

Synthesis of Ceramics in Different Colors from Industrial Waste

1Razgrad Branch, Rousse University “Angel Kanchev”, Aprilsko Vastanie Street 47, 7200 Razgrad, Bulgaria
2The Art Institute of Chicago, 111 South Michigan Avenue, Chicago, IL 60603, USA

Received 16 April 2013; Accepted 23 June 2013

Academic Editor: Pavlos Kassomenos

Copyright © 2013 Mihail Doynov et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The synthesis of arsenic-free ceramics from industrial waste is studied. Samples of waste containing siliceous material passed the exploitation leap-guard layer shift reactor whose main oxide is -Al2O3 and, with the addition of natural raw materials and pure oxide, arsenic-free ceramics were synthesized with thermal and electrical properties related to the main phase of spinel group minerals; solid solutions were also formed in the process of synthesis. Insulating properties were established by successive heating and cooling of the specimen for six cycles. Electrical insulating properties were established by the method of resistance to arcing. The relative density was determined by hydrostatic method and diffusion lines of molecules at the main phase were characterized by X-ray diffraction analysis. The experimental procedures followed in this study allowed mixing on a molecular level due to the small dimensions of the crystallite which in turn explains the relatively high density.