- About this Journal ·
- Abstracting and Indexing ·
- Aims and Scope ·
- Article Processing Charges ·
- Articles in Press ·
- Author Guidelines ·
- Bibliographic Information ·
- Citations to this Journal ·
- Contact Information ·
- Editorial Board ·
- Editorial Workflow ·
- Free eTOC Alerts ·
- Publication Ethics ·
- Reviewers Acknowledgment ·
- Submit a Manuscript ·
- Subscription Information ·
- Table of Contents
International Journal of Ecology
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 617352, 9 pages
Farmers' Interest in Nature and Its Relation to Biodiversity in Arable Fields
1Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Ecology, Box 7044, 750 07 Uppsala, Sweden
2Länsstyrelsen i Uppsala Län, 751 86 Uppsala, Sweden
3Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, The Swedish Biodiversity Centre, Box 7007, 750 07 Uppsala, Sweden
4Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Urban and Rural Development, Box 7012, 750 07 Uppsala, Sweden
5Stockholm Resilience Centre, Stockholm University, Kräftriket 2B, 114 19 Stockholm, Sweden
6Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Centre for Sustainable Agriculture, Box 7047, 750 07 Uppsala, Sweden
7Örebro University, School of Science and Technology, 701 82 Örebro, Sweden
Received 31 October 2012; Revised 14 March 2013; Accepted 18 April 2013
Academic Editor: L. M. Chu
Copyright © 2013 J. Ahnström et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
- J. H. A. Meeus, “The transformation of agricultural landscapes in Western Europe,” Science of the Total Environment, vol. 129, no. 1-2, pp. 171–190, 1993.
- R. J. Fuller, R. D. Gregory, D. W. Gibbons et al., “Population declines and range contractions among lowland farmland birds in Britain,” Conservation Biology, vol. 9, no. 6, pp. 1425–1441, 1995.
- J. R. Krebs, J. D. Wilson, R. B. Bradbury, and G. M. Siriwardena, “The second silent spring?” Nature, vol. 400, no. 6745, pp. 611–612, 1999.
- C. Stoate, N. D. Boatman, R. J. Borralho, C. R. Carvalho, G. R. De Snoo, and P. Eden, “Ecological impacts of arable intensification in Europe,” Journal of Environmental Management, vol. 63, no. 4, pp. 337–365, 2001.
- T. G. Benton, J. A. Vickery, and J. D. Wilson, “Farmland biodiversity: is habitat heterogeneity the key?” Trends in Ecology and Evolution, vol. 18, no. 4, pp. 182–188, 2003.
- J. Wretenberg, Å. Lindström, S. Svensson, T. Thierfelder, and T. Pärt, “Population trends of farmland birds in Sweden and England: similar trends but different patterns of agricultural intensification,” Journal of Applied Ecology, vol. 43, no. 6, pp. 1110–1120, 2006.
- A. McLaughlin and P. Mineau, “The impact of agricultural practices on biodiversity,” Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, vol. 55, no. 3, pp. 201–212, 1995.
- P. F. Donald, R. E. Green, and M. F. Heath, “Agricultural intensification and the collapse of Europe's farmland bird populations,” Proceedings of the Royal Society B, vol. 268, no. 1462, pp. 25–29, 2001.
- N. E. Sjödin, Pollinating insect responses to grazing intensity, grassland characteristics and landscape complexity [Ph.D. thesis], Acta Universitatis agriculturae Sueciae. Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden, 2007.
- E. Öckinger and H. G. Smith, “Semi-natural grasslands as population sources for pollinating insects in agricultural landscapes,” Journal of Applied Ecology, vol. 44, no. 1, pp. 50–59, 2007.
- F. Geiger, J. Bengtsson, F. Berendse, et al., “Persistent negative effects of pesticides on biodiversity and biological control potential on European farmland,” Basicic and Applied Ecolology, vol. 11, no. 2, pp. 97–105, 2010.
- D. Kleijn, F. Berendse, R. Smit, and N. Gilissen, “Agri-environment schemes do not effectively protect biodiversity in Dutch agricultural landscapes,” Nature, vol. 413, no. 6857, pp. 723–725, 2001.
- F. Berendse, D. Chamberlain, D. Kleijn, and H. Schekkerman, “Declining biodiversity in agricultural lanscapes and the effectiveness of agri-environment schemes,” Ambio, vol. 33, no. 8, pp. 499–502, 2004.
- D. Kleijn, F. Berendse, R. Smit et al., “Ecological effectiveness of agri-environment schemes in different agricultural landscapes in The Netherlands,” Conservation Biology, vol. 18, no. 3, pp. 775–786, 2004.
- R. J. F. Burton, C. Kuczera, and G. Schwarz, “Exploring farmers' cultural resistance to voluntary agri-environmental schemes,” Sociologia Ruralis, vol. 48, no. 1, pp. 16–37, 2008.
- R. J. F. Burton and U. H. Paragahawewa, “Creating culturally sustainable agri-environmental schemes,” Journal of Rural Studies, vol. 27, no. 1, pp. 95–104, 2011.
- P. R. W. Gerritsen, Diversity at Stake. A Farmers' Perspective on Biodiversity and Conservation in Western Mexico, Wagening University, Wageningen, The Netherlands, 2002.
- M. H. Schmidt, I. Roschewitz, C. Thies, and T. Tscharntke, “Differential effects of landscape and management on diversity and density of ground-dwelling farmland spiders,” Journal of Applied Ecology, vol. 42, no. 2, pp. 281–287, 2005.
- I. Herzon and M. Mikk, “Farmers' perceptions of biodiversity and their willingness to enhance it through agri-environment schemes: a comparative study from Estonia and Finland,” Journal for Nature Conservation, vol. 15, no. 1, pp. 10–25, 2007.
- P. Swagemakers, Ecologisch Kapitaal: Over Het Belang Van AanpassingsvermogEn Flexibiliteit En Oordeelkundigheid, Wageningen University, Wageningen, The Netherlands, 2008.
- F. Berkes, Sacred Ecology. Traditional Ecological Knowledge and Resource Management, Taylor and Francis, London, UK, 1999.
- F. Berkes, J. Colding, and C. Folke, “Rediscovery of Traditional Ecological Knowledge as adaptive management,” Ecological Applications, vol. 10, no. 5, pp. 1251–1262, 2000.
- C. Morris and C. Potter, “Recruiting the new conservationists: Farmers' adoption of agri-environmental schemes in the U.K,” Journal of Rural Studies, vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 51–63, 1995.
- J. D. C. Beedell and T. Rehman, “Explaining farmers' conservation behaviour: why do farmers behave the way they do?” Journal of Environmental Management, vol. 57, no. 3, pp. 165–176, 1999.
- J. Willock, I. J. Deary, M. M. McGregor et al., “Farmers' attitudes, objectives, behaviors, and personality traits: the Edinburgh study of decision making on farms,” Journal of Vocational Behavior, vol. 54, no. 1, pp. 5–36, 1999.
- A. G. Busck, “Farmers' landscape decisions: relationships between farmers' values and landscape practices,” Sociologia Ruralis, vol. 42, no. 3, pp. 233–249, 2002.
- S. K. Jacobson, K. E. Sieving, G. A. Jones, and A. Van Doorn, “Assessment of farmer attitudes and behavioral intentions toward bird conservation on organic and conventional Florida farms,” Conservation Biology, vol. 17, no. 2, pp. 595–606, 2003.
- R. L. Ryan, D. L. Erickson, and R. De Young, “Farmers' motivations for adopting conservation practices along riparian zones in a Mid-western agricultural watershed,” Journal of Environmental Planning and Management, vol. 46, no. 1, pp. 19–37, 2003.
- T. Silvasti, “The cultural model of “the good farmer” and the environmental question in Finland,” Agriculture and Human Values, vol. 20, no. 2, pp. 143–150, 2003.
- J. D. van der Ploeg, C. Laurent, F. Blondeau, and P. Bonnafous, “Farm diversity, classification schemes and multifunctionality,” Journal of Environmental Management, vol. 90, supplement 2, pp. S124–S131, 2009.
- G. A. Wilson, “Factors influencing farmer participation in the environmentally sensitive areas scheme,” Journal of Environmental Management, vol. 50, no. 1, pp. 67–93, 1997.
- I. Schmitzberger, T. Wrbka, B. Steurer, G. Aschenbrenner, J. Peterseil, and H. G. Zechmeister, “How farming styles influence biodiversity maintenance in Austrian agricultural landscapes,” Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, vol. 108, no. 3, pp. 274–290, 2005.
- J. Ahnström, J. Höckert, H. L. Bergeå, C. A. Francis, P. Skelton, and L. Hallgren, “Farmers and nature conservation: what is known about attitudes, context factors and actions affecting conservation?” Renewable Agriculture and Food Systems, vol. 24, no. 1, pp. 38–47, 2009.
- J. Ahnström, Farmland Biodiversity-In the Hands and Minds of Farmers. Effects of Landscape Structure, Management and the Farmer's interest in Nature, Department of Ecology. Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden, 2009.
- R. A. Robinson and W. J. Sutherland, “Post-war changes in arable farming and biodiversity in Great Britain,” Journal of Applied Ecology, vol. 39, no. 1, pp. 157–176, 2002.
- Statistics Sweden, The Yearbook of Agricultural Statistics 2008, Statistical Sweden, Örebro, Sweden, 2008.
- C. F. Mason and S. M. Macdonald, “Influence of landscape and land-use on the distribution of breeding birds in farmland in eastern England,” Journal of Zoology, vol. 251, no. 3, pp. 339–348, 2000.
- Å. Berg and O. Kvarnbäck, “Preferences of nesting farmland birds for different field types,” Ornis Svecica, vol. 15, pp. 31–42, 2005.
- J. D. Wilson, M. J. Whittingham, and R. B. Bradbury, “The management of crop structure: a general approach to reversing the impacts of agricultural intensification on birds?” Ibis, vol. 147, no. 3, pp. 453–463, 2005.
- T. R. E. Southwood and P. A. Henderson, Ecological Methods, Blackwell Science, Oxford, UK, 3rd edition, 2000.
- J. Banaszak, “Studies on methods of censusing the numbers of bees (Hymenoptera: Apoidea),” Polish Ecological Studies, vol. 6, pp. 355–366, 1980.
- N. J. Gotelli and R. K. Colwell, “Quantifying biodiversity: procedures and pitfalls in the measurement and comparison of species richness,” Ecology Letters, vol. 4, no. 4, pp. 379–391, 2001.
- C. J. Bibby, N. D. Burgess, and D. A. Hill, Bird Census Techniques, Academic Press, London, UK, 2000.
- G. Rowe and G. Wright, “The Delphi technique as a forecasting tool: issues and analysis,” International Journal of Forecasting, vol. 15, no. 4, pp. 353–375, 1999.
- G. Brown, C. Smith, L. Alessa, and A. Kliskey, “A comparison of perceptions of biological value with scientific assessment of biological importance,” Applied Geography, vol. 24, no. 2, pp. 161–180, 2004.
- D. Kings and B. Ilbery, “The environmental belief systems of organic and conventional farmers: evidence from central-southern England,” Journal of Rural Studies, vol. 26, no. 4, pp. 437–448, 2010.
- J. Beedell and T. Rehman, “Using social-psychology models to understand farmers' conservation behaviour,” Journal of Rural Studies, vol. 16, no. 1, pp. 117–127, 2000.
- J. D. van der Ploeg, “Rural sociology and the new agrarian question: a perspective from the Netherlands,” Sociologia Ruralis, vol. 33, no. 2, pp. 240–260, 1993.
- A. C. Weibull, J. Bengtsson, and E. Nohlgren, “Diversity of butterflies in the agricultural landscape: role of farming system and landscape heterogeneity,” Ecography, vol. 23, no. 6, pp. 743–750, 2000.
- D. Gabriel, C. Thies, and T. Tscharntke, “Local diversity of arable weeds increases with landscape complexity,” Perspectives in Plant Ecology, Evolution and Systematics, vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 85–93, 2005.
- M. Rundlöf, J. Bengtsson, and H. G. Smith, “Local and landscape effects of organic farming on butterfly species richness and abundance,” Journal of Applied Ecology, vol. 45, no. 3, pp. 813–820, 2008.
- A. W. Wicker, “Attitudes versus actions: the relationship of verbal and overt behavioral responses to attitude objects,” Journal of Social Issues, vol. 25, no. 4, pp. 41–78, 1969.
- R. J. F. Burton, “Seeing through the “good farmer”s' eyes: towards developing an understanding of the social symbolic value of ‘productivist’ behaviour,” Sociologia Ruralis, vol. 44, no. 2, pp. 195–215, 2004.
- R. J. F. Burton and G. A. Wilson, “Injecting social psychology theory into conceptualisations of agricultural agency: towards a post-productivist farmer self-identity?” Journal of Rural Studies, vol. 22, no. 1, pp. 95–115, 2006.
- R. Siebert, M. Toogood, and A. Knierim, “Factors affecting european farmers' participation in biodiversity policies,” Sociologia Ruralis, vol. 46, no. 4, pp. 318–340, 2006.
- M. Stenseke, “Biodiversity and the local context: linking seminatural grasslands and their future use to social aspects,” Environmental Science and Policy, vol. 9, no. 4, pp. 350–359, 2006.
- A. Flohre, C. Fischer, T. Aavik, et al., “Agricultural intensification and biodiversity partitioning in European landscapes comparing plants, carabids and birds,” Ecological Applications, vol. 21, no. 5, pp. 1772–1781, 2011.
- K. Vessby, B. Söderström, A. Glimskär, and B. Svensson, “Species-richness correlations of six different taxa in Swedish seminatural grasslands,” Conservation Biology, vol. 16, no. 2, pp. 430–439, 2002.
- T. Purtauf, J. Dauber, and V. Wolters, “The response of carabids to landscape simplification differs between trophic groups,” Oecologia, vol. 142, no. 3, pp. 458–464, 2005.
- S. Kivinen, M. Luoto, M. Kuussaari, and J. Helenius, “Multi-species richness of boreal agricultural landscapes: effects of climate, biotope, soil and geographical location,” Journal of Biogeography, vol. 33, no. 5, pp. 862–875, 2006.
- N. E. Sjödin, J. Bengtsson, and B. Ekbom, “The influence of grazing intensity and landscape composition on the diversity and abundance of flower-visiting insects,” Journal of Applied Ecology, vol. 45, no. 3, pp. 763–772, 2008.
- J. Bengtsson, J. Ahnström, and A. C. Weibull, “The effects of organic agriculture on biodiversity and abundance: a meta-analysis,” Journal of Applied Ecology, vol. 42, no. 2, pp. 261–269, 2005.
- H. A. B. van der Meulen, G. R. de Snoo, and G. A. A. Wossink, “Farmers' perception of unsprayed crop edges in the Netherlands,” Journal of Environmental Management, vol. 47, no. 3, pp. 241–255, 1996.
- W. J. Boonstra, J. Ahnström, and L. Hallgren, “Swedish farmers talking about nature—a study of the interrelations between farmers' values and the sociocultural notion of Naturintresse,” Sociologia Ruralis, vol. 51, no. 4, pp. 420–435, 2011.
- A. Bryman, Social Research Methods, Oxford University Press and Translation Liber AB, Oxford, UK; Elanders Hungary, Zalalövő, Hungary, 2002.