- About this Journal ·
- Abstracting and Indexing ·
- Aims and Scope ·
- Article Processing Charges ·
- Articles in Press ·
- Author Guidelines ·
- Bibliographic Information ·
- Citations to this Journal ·
- Contact Information ·
- Editorial Board ·
- Editorial Workflow ·
- Free eTOC Alerts ·
- Publication Ethics ·
- Reviewers Acknowledgment ·
- Submit a Manuscript ·
- Subscription Information ·
- Table of Contents
International Journal of Ecology
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 726275, 12 pages
Ecological Restoration and Reforestation of Fragmented Forests in Kianjavato, Madagascar
1Département de Biologie et Ecologie Végétales, Faculté des Sciences, Université d'Antananarivo, BP566, Antananarivo 101, Madagascar
2Madagascar Biodiversity Partnership, NGO, VO 12 Bis A, Manakambahiny, Antananarivo 101, Madagascar
3Omaha’s Henry Doorly Zoo and Aquarium, Center for Conservation and Research, 3701 South 10th Street, Omaha, NE 68107, USA
Received 10 January 2013; Revised 19 September 2013; Accepted 30 September 2013
Academic Editor: Ram C. Sihag
Copyright © 2013 Christophe Manjaribe et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
- Institut National de la Statistique de Madagascar, Enquête périodique auprès des ménages 2010: rapport principal, Institut National de la Statistique/Direction des Statistiques des Ménages, Antananarivo, Madagascar, 2011.
- The World Bank, Sustaining Forests: A Development Strategy, The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development/The World Bank, Washington DC, USA, 2004.
- Maplecroft, “World's fastest growing populations increasingly vulnerable to the impacts of climate change—4th global atlas reports,” 2012, http://maplecroft.com/about/news/ccvi_2012.html.
- N. Myers, R. A. Mittermeler, C. G. Mittermeler, G. A. B. da Fonseca, and J. Kent, “Biodiversity hotspots for conservation priorities,” Nature, vol. 403, no. 6772, pp. 853–858, 2000.
- G. J. Harper, M. K. Steininger, C. J. Tucker, D. Juhn, and F. Hawkins, “Fifty years of deforestation and forest fragmentation in Madagascar,” Environmental Conservation, vol. 34, no. 4, pp. 325–333, 2007.
- E. R. Patel, “Madagascar's illegal logging crisis: an update and discussion of possible solutions,” Lemur News, vol. 15, pp. 2–7, 2010.
- C. Kremen, A. Cameron, A. Moilanen et al., “Aligning conservation priorities across taxa in Madagascar with high-resolution planning tools,” Science, vol. 320, no. 5873, pp. 222–226, 2008.
- G. Smith and E. R. Ellis, “The impact of forest conservation policies on forest dependent communities in SE Madagascar: lessons for sustainability of Madagascar's new protected areas,” WRM Bulletin 133, 2008, http://wrmbulletin.wordpress.com/2008/08/25/the-impact-of-forest-conservation-policies-on-forest-dependent-communities-in-se-madagascar-lessons-for-sustainability-of-madagascars-new-protected-areas/.
- D. Lamb, P. D. Erskine, and J. A. Parrotta, “Restoration of degraded tropical forest landscapes,” Science, vol. 310, no. 5754, pp. 1628–1632, 2005.
- J. A. Parrotta and O. H. Knowles, “Restoration of tropical moist forests on bauxite-mined lands in the Brazilian amazon,” Restoration Ecology, vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 103–116, 1999.
- S. P. Goosem and N. I. J. Tucker, Repairing the Rainforest—Theory and Practice of Rainforest Re-Establishment in North Queensland's Wet Tropics, Wet Tropics Management Authority, Cairns, Australia, 1995.
- J. A. Parrotta, O. H. Knowles, and J. M. Wunderle Jr., “Development of floristic diversity in 10-year-old restoration forests on a bauxite mined site in Amazonia,” Forest Ecology and Management, vol. 99, no. 1-2, pp. 21–42, 1997.
- L. Holloway, “Catalysing natural regeneration of rainforest: masoala corridors,” Unpublished Report, Wildlife Conservation Society, Makira, Madagascar, 1997.
- O. H. Razafindratsima and E. Razafimahatratra, “Effect of red ruffed lemur gut passage on the germination of native rainforest plant species,” Lemur News, vol. 15, pp. 39–42, 2010.
- J. M. Wunderle Jr., “The role of animal seed dispersal in accelerating native forest regeneration on degraded tropical lands,” Forest Ecology and Management, vol. 99, no. 1-2, pp. 223–235, 1997.
- International Tropical Timber Organization (ITTO), ITTO Guidelines for the Restoration, Management and Rehabilitation of Degraded and Secondary Tropical Forests, ITTO Policy Development Series 13, International Tropical Timber Organization (ITTO), Yokohama, Japan, 2002.
- L. Holloway, “Ecosystem restoration and rehabilitation in Madagascar,” Ecological Restoration, vol. 22, no. 2, pp. 113–119, 2004.
- P. H. Graham and C. P. Vance, “Legumes: importance and constraints to greater use,” Plant Physiology, vol. 131, no. 3, pp. 872–877, 2003.
- K. C. Emberton, “Conservation priorities for forest-floor invertebrates of the Southeastern half of Madagascar: evidence from two land-snail clades,” Biodiversity and Conservation, vol. 5, no. 6, pp. 729–741, 1996.
- A. Rasolohery, “Degraded humid forest,” in Atlas of the Vegetation of Madagascar, J. Moat and P. Smith, Eds., p. 33, Kew Publishing, Surrey, UK, 2007.
- E. Styger, H. M. Rakotondramasy, M. J. Pfeffer, E. C. M. Fernandes, and D. M. Bates, “Influence of slash-and-burn farming practices on fallow succession and land degradation in the rainforest region of Madagascar,” Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, vol. 119, no. 3-4, pp. 257–269, 2007.
- D. W. Gade, “Deforestation and its effects in Highland Madagascar,” Mountain Research and Development, vol. 16, no. 2, pp. 101–116, 1996.
- O. E. Sala, F. S. Chapin III, J. J. Armesto et al., “Global biodiversity scenarios for the year 2100,” Science, vol. 287, no. 5459, pp. 1770–1774, 2000.
- Conservation International, Restauration forestière à Madagascar: Capitalisation des experiences en vue de l'élaboration d'un Plan d'Action de Restauration, Conservation International, Antananarivo, Madagascar, 2011.
- K. Valenta and L. M. Fedigan, “Effects of gut passage, feces, and seed handling on latency and rate of germination in seeds consumed by capuchins (Cebus capucinus),” The American Journal of Physical Anthropology, vol. 138, no. 4, pp. 486–492, 2009.
- D. J. Overdorff and S. G. Strait, “Seed handling by three prosimian primates in Southeastern Madagascar: implications for seed dispersal,” The American Journal of Primatology, vol. 45, no. 1, pp. 69–82, 1998.
- C. A. Chapman, “Primate seed dispersal: coevolution and conservation implications,” Evolutionary Anthropology, vol. 4, no. 3, pp. 74–82, 1995.
- M. H. Faramalala and C. Rajeriarison, Etude de la végétation de Madagascar à l'aide des données spatiales [Ph.D. thesis], Université Paul Sabatier de Toulouse, 1988.
- Angiosperm Phylogeny Group III, “An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG III,” Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society, vol. 161, no. 2, pp. 105–121, 2009.
- Madagascar Catalogue, Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Madagascar, Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, Mo, USA, Missouri Botanical Garden, Madagascar Research and Conservation Program, Antananarivo, Madagascar, 2012, http://www.efloras.org/madagascar.
- E. E. Louis Jr., J. H. Ratsimbazafy, V. R. Razakamaharauo, D. J. Pierson, R. C. Barber, and R. A. Brenneman, “Conservation genetics of black and white ruffed lemurs, Varecia variegata, from Southeastern Madagascar,” Animal Conservation, vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 105–111, 2005.
- E. A. Williamson and A. T. C. Feistner, “Habituating primates: processes, techniques, variables and ethics,” in Field and Laboratory Methods in Primatology: A Practical Guide, J. M. Setchell and D. J. Curtis, Eds., pp. 25–39, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, 2003.
- S. R. Day, R. E. A. F. Ramarokoto, B. D. Sitzmann et al., “Re-introduction of diademed sifaka (Propithecus diadema) and black and white ruffed lemurs (Varecia variegata editorum) at Analamazaotra Special Reserve, Eastern Madagascar,” Lemur News, vol. 14, pp. 32–37, 2009.
- M. S. Comtet and R. Rabevohitra, “Contribution à l'étude de la flore forestière: Sur la germination de quelques essences forestières,” FOFIFA Bulletin no. 6, 1991.
- C. Manjaribe, Essai de restauration écologique et rehabilitation de la forêt de Vohimana par plantation d'arbres [DEA thesis], Université d'Antananarivo, 2008.
- G. W. Sileshi, “A critique of current trends in the statistical analysis of seed germination and viability data,” Seed Science Research, vol. 22, no. 3, pp. 145–159, 2012.
- K. Moder, “Alternatives to F-test in one way ANOVA in case of heterogeneity of variances (a simulation study),” Psychological Test and Assessment Modeling, vol. 52, pp. 343–353, 2010.
- H. W. Tukey, “The problem of multiple comparisons,” Unpublished manuscript in the collected works of John W. Tukey VIII multiple comparisons: 1948–1983, Chapman & Hall, New York, NY, USA, 1953.
- F. Anwar, S. Latif, M. Ashraf, and A. H. Gilani, “Moringa oleifera: a food plant with multiple medicinal uses,” Phytotherapy Research, vol. 21, no. 1, pp. 17–25, 2007.
- M. Lea, “Bioremediation of turbid surface water using seed extract from Moringa oleifera Lam. (Drumstick) tree,” Current Protocols in Microbiology, vol. 16, pp. 1G.2.1–1G.2.14, 2010.
- R. T. T. Forman, Land Mosaics: The Ecology of Landscapes and Regions, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, 1995.
- J. Kubeš, “Biocentres and corridors in a cultural landscape. A critical assessment of the ‘territorial system of ecological stability’,” Landscape and Urban Planning, vol. 35, no. 4, pp. 231–240, 1996.
- A. F. Bennett, Linkages in the Landscape: The Role of Corridors and Connectivity in Wildlife Conservation, IUCN, Cambridge, UK, 1998.
- D. R. Perault and M. V. Lomolino, “Corridors and mammal community structure across a fragmented, old-growth forest landscape,” Ecological Monographs, vol. 70, no. 3, pp. 401–422, 2000.
- J. A. Hilty, W. Z. Lidicker, and A. M. Merenlender, Corridor Ecology: The Science and Practice of Linking Landscapes for Biodiversity Conservation, Island Press, Washington, DC, USA, 2006.
- A. C. Lees and C. A. Peres, “Conservation value of remnant riparian forest corridors of varying quality for Amazonian birds and mammals,” Conservation Biology, vol. 22, no. 2, pp. 439–449, 2008.
- J. L. Dew and P. C. Wright, “Frugivory and seed dispersal by four species of primates in Madagascar's eastern rain forest,” Biotropica, vol. 30, no. 3, pp. 425–437, 1998.
- J. Kanowski and C. P. Catterall, Monitoring Revegetation Projects for Biodiversity in Rainforest Landscapes: Toolkit Version 1, Revision 1, Marine and Tropical Sciences Research Facility Research Report Series, Reef and Rainforest Research Centre Limited, Cairns, Australia, 2007.
- H. D. Le, C. Smith, J. Herbohn, and S. Harrison, “More than just trees: assessing reforestation success in tropical developing countries,” Journal of Rural Studies, vol. 28, no. 1, pp. 5–19, 2012.
- R. A. Pedraza and G. Williams-Linera, “Evaluation of native tree species for the rehabilitation of deforested areas in a Mexican cloud forest,” New Forests, vol. 26, no. 1, pp. 83–99, 2003.
- K. D. Holl, M. E. Loik, E. H. V. Lin, and I. A. Samuels, “Tropical montane forest restoration in Costa Rica: overcoming barriers to dispersal and establishment,” Restoration Ecology, vol. 8, no. 4, pp. 339–349, 2000.
- J. A. Parrotta, “Influence of overstory composition on understory colonization by native species in plantations on a degraded tropical site,” Journal of Vegetation Science, vol. 6, no. 5, pp. 627–636, 1995.
- D. C. Nepstad, C. Uhl, C. A. Pereira, and J. M. C. da Silva, “A comparative study of tree establishment in abandoned pasture and mature forest of Eastern Amazonia,” Oikos, vol. 76, no. 1, pp. 25–39, 1996.
- P. M. S. Ashton, S. Gamage, I. A. U. N. Gunatilleke, and C. V. S. Gunatilleke, “Restoration of a Sri Lankan rainforest: using Carribean pine Pinus caribaea as a nurse for establishing late-successional tree species,” Journal of Applied Ecology, vol. 34, no. 4, pp. 915–925, 1997.
- J. A. Parrotta, “The role of plantation forests in rehabilitating degraded tropical ecosystems,” Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, vol. 41, no. 2, pp. 115–133, 1992.
- M. R. Guariguata, R. Rheingans, and F. Montagnini, “Early woody invasion under tree plantations in Costa Rica: implications for forest restoration,” Restoration Ecology, vol. 3, no. 4, pp. 252–260, 1995.
- M. A. Huston, The effect of soil nutrients and light on tree growth and interactions during tropical forest succession: experiments in Costa Rica [Ph.D. thesis], University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Mich, USA, 1982.
- D. A. Clark, “Plant demography,” in La Selva: Ecology and Natural History of a Neotropical Rainforest, L. A. McDade, K. S. Bawa, H. A. Hespenheide, and G. S. Hartshorn, Eds., pp. 90–105, University of Chicago Press, Chicago, Ill, USA, 1994.
- E. I. Damschen, N. M. Haddad, J. L. Orrock, J. J. Tewksbury, and D. J. Levey, “Corridors increase plant species richness at large scales,” Science, vol. 313, no. 5791, pp. 1284–1286, 2006.
- I. Pareliussen, E. G. A. Olsson, and W. S. Armbruster, “Factors limiting the survival of native tree seedlings used in conservation efforts at the edges of forest fragments in upland Madagascar,” Restoration Ecology, vol. 14, no. 2, pp. 196–203, 2006.
- R. B. Primack and B. Drayton, “The experimental ecology of reintroduction,” Plant Talk, vol. 11, pp. 25–28, 1997.
- B. Drayton and R. B. Primack, “Success rates for reintroductions of eight perennial plant species after 15 years,” Restoration Ecology, vol. 20, no. 3, pp. 299–303, 2012.
- World Bank Group, “Madagascar overview,” 2012, http://www.worldbank.org/en/country/madagascar/overview.