- About this Journal ·
- Abstracting and Indexing ·
- Aims and Scope ·
- Article Processing Charges ·
- Articles in Press ·
- Author Guidelines ·
- Bibliographic Information ·
- Citations to this Journal ·
- Contact Information ·
- Editorial Board ·
- Editorial Workflow ·
- Free eTOC Alerts ·
- Publication Ethics ·
- Reviewers Acknowledgment ·
- Submit a Manuscript ·
- Subscription Information ·
- Table of Contents
International Journal of Ecology
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 389409, 10 pages
Are Commonly Measured Functional Traits Involved in Tropical Tree Responses to Climate?
1Remote Sensing Division, National Institute for Space Research (INPE), 12227-010 São José dos Campos, SP, Brazil
2CIRAD, UMR Ecologie des Forêts de Guyane, 97379 Kourou, France
3Université de Yaoundé 1, UMI 209 Modélisation Mathématique et Informatique de Systèmes Complexes, BP337 Yaoundé, Cameroon
4INRA, UMR Ecologie des Forêts de Guyane, 97379 Kourou, France
5INRA, UMR INRA-UHP 1137 Ecologie et Ecophysiologie Forestière, 54280 Champenoux, France
6CIRAD, UMR Systèmes d’Elevage en Milieux Méditerranéens et Tropicaux, 97379 Kourou, France
Received 7 March 2014; Revised 30 May 2014; Accepted 30 May 2014; Published 25 June 2014
Academic Editor: Pavlos Kassomenos
Copyright © 2014 Fabien Wagner et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
- D. B. Clark, D. A. Clark, and S. F. Oberbauer, “Annual wood production in a tropical rain forest in NE Costa Rica linked to climatic variation but not to increasing CO2,” Global Change Biology, vol. 16, no. 2, pp. 747–759, 2010.
- D. A. Clark, “Sources or sinks? The responses of tropical forests to current and future climate and atmospheric composition,” Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, vol. 359, no. 1443, pp. 477–491, 2004.
- N. McDowell, W. T. Pockman, C. D. Allen et al., “Mechanisms of plant survival and mortality during drought: why do some plants survive while others succumb to drought?” New Phytologist, vol. 178, no. 4, pp. 719–739, 2008.
- Y. Malhi and J. Wright, “Spatial patterns and recent trends in the climate of tropical rainforest regions,” Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, vol. 359, no. 1443, pp. 311–329, 2004.
- Y. Malhi, L. E. O. C. Aragao, D. Galbraith et al., “Exploring the likelihood and mechanism of a climate-change-induced dieback of the Amazon rainforest,” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, vol. 106, no. 49, pp. 20610–20615, 2009.
- E. J. Burke, S. J. Brown, and N. Christidis, “Modelling the recent evolution of global drought and projections for the twenty-first century with the Hadley Centre climate model,” Journal of Hydrometeorology, vol. 7, no. 5, pp. 1113–1125, 2006.
- T. C. Johns, J. M. Gregory, W. J. Ingram et al., “Anthropogenic climate change for 1860 to 2100 simulated with the HadCM3 model under updated emissions scenarios,” Climate Dynamics, vol. 20, no. 6, pp. 583–612, 2003.
- P. M. Brando, D. C. Nepstad, E. A. Davidson, S. E. Trumbore, D. Ray, and P. Camargo, “Drought effects on litterfall, wood production and belowground carbon cycling in an Amazon forest: results of a throughfall reduction experiment,” Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, vol. 363, no. 1498, pp. 1839–1848, 2008.
- J. Lloyd and G. D. Farquhar, “Effects of rising temperatures and [CO2] on the physiology of tropical forest trees,” Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, vol. 363, no. 1498, pp. 1811–1817, 2008.
- F. Wagner, V. Rossi, C. Stahl, D. Bonal, and B. Herault, “Water availability is the main climate driver of neotropical tree growth,” PLoS ONE, vol. 7, no. 4, Article ID e34074, 2012.
- S. Diaz, J. G. Hodgson, K. Thompson et al., “The plant traits that drive ecosystems: evidence from three continents,” Journal of Vegetation Science, vol. 15, no. 3, pp. 295–304, 2004.
- S. Lavorel and E. Garnier, “Predicting changes in community composition and ecosystem functioning from plant traits: revisiting the Holy Grail,” Functional Ecology, vol. 16, no. 5, pp. 545–556, 2002.
- B. Herault, B. Bachelot, L. Poorter et al., “Functional traits shape ontogenetic growth trajectories of rain forest tree species,” Journal of Ecology, vol. 99, no. 6, pp. 1431–1440, 2011.
- M. Westoby, “A leaf-height-seed (LHS) plant ecology strategy scheme,” Plant and Soil, vol. 199, no. 2, pp. 213–227, 1998.
- M. Westoby, D. S. Falster, A. T. Moles, P. A. Vesk, and I. J. Wright, “Plant ecological strategies: some leading dimensions of variation between species,” Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics, vol. 33, pp. 125–159, 2002.
- I. J. Wright, P. B. Reich, M. Westoby et al., “The worldwide leaf economics spectrum,” Nature, vol. 428, no. 6985, pp. 821–827, 2004.
- J. L. D. Osnas, J. W. Lichstein, P. B. Reich, and S. W. Pacala, “Global leaf trait relationships: mass, area, and the leaf economics spectrum,” Science, vol. 340, no. 6133, pp. 741–744, 2013.
- T. Hirose and M. J. A. Werger, “Maximizing daily canopy photosynthesis with respect to the leaf nitrogen allocation pattern in the canopy,” Oecologia, vol. 72, no. 4, pp. 520–526, 1987.
- A. T. Moles, D. S. Falster, M. R. Leishman, and M. Westoby, “Small-seeded species produce more seeds per square metre of canopy per year, but not per individual per lifetime,” Journal of Ecology, vol. 92, no. 3, pp. 384–396, 2004.
- C. Baraloto, C. E. T. Paine, L. Poorter et al., “Decoupled leaf and stem economics in rain forest trees,” Ecology Letters, vol. 13, no. 11, pp. 1338–1347, 2010.
- S. J. Wright, K. Kitajima, N. J. B. Kraft et al., “Functional traits and the growth-mortality trade-off in tropical trees,” Ecology, vol. 91, no. 12, pp. 3664–3674, 2010.
- B. Herault, J. Ouallet, L. Blanc, F. Wagner, and C. Baraloto, “Growth responses of neotropical trees to logging gaps,” Journal of Applied Ecology, vol. 47, no. 4, pp. 821–831, 2010.
- L. Poorter, S. J. Wright, H. Paz et al., “Are functional traits good predictors of demographic rates? Evidence from five neotropical forests,” Ecology, vol. 89, no. 7, pp. 1908–1920, 2008.
- A. Granier, R. Hue, and S. T. Barigah, “Transpiration of natural rain forest and its dependence on climatic factors,” Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, vol. 78, no. 1-2, pp. 19–29, 1996.
- D. C. Nepstad, I. M. Tohver, R. David, P. Moutinho, and G. Cardinot, “Mortality of large trees and lianas following experimental drought in an amazon forest,” Ecology, vol. 88, no. 9, pp. 2259–2269, 2007.
- R. Monserud, “Simulation of forest tree mortality,” Forest Science, vol. 22, pp. 438–444, 1976.
- P. H. Wyckoff and J. S. Clark, “The relationship between growth and mortality for seven co-occurring tree species in the southern Appalachian Mountains,” Journal of Ecology, vol. 90, no. 4, pp. 604–615, 2002.
- L. Poorter and F. Bongers, “Leaf traits are good predictors of plant performance across 53 rain forest species,” Ecology, vol. 87, no. 7, pp. 1733–1743, 2006.
- C. E. T. Paine, C. Stahl, E. A. Courtois, S. Patino, C. Sarmiento, and C. Baraloto, “Functional explanations for variation in bark thickness in tropical rain forest trees,” Functional Ecology, vol. 24, no. 6, pp. 1202–1210, 2010.
- T. R. Baker, D. F. R. P. Burslem, and M. D. Swaine, “Associations between tree growth, soil fertility and water availability at local and regional scales in Ghanaian tropical rain forest,” Journal of Tropical Ecology, vol. 19, no. 2, pp. 109–125, 2003.
- C. Stahl, B. Burban, F. Bompy, Z. B. Jolin, J. Sermage, and D. Bonal, “Seasonal variation in atmospheric relative humidity contributes to explaining seasonal variation in trunk circumference of tropical rain-forest trees in French Guiana,” Journal of Tropical Ecology, vol. 26, no. 4, pp. 393–405, 2010.
- L. S. Santiago, G. Goldstein, F. C. Meinzer et al., “Leaf photosynthetic traits scale with hydraulic conductivity and wood density in Panamanian forest canopy trees,” Oecologia, vol. 140, no. 4, pp. 543–550, 2004.
- J. Chave, D. Coomes, S. Jansen, S. L. Lewis, N. G. Swenson, and A. E. Zanne, “Towards a worldwide wood economics spectrum,” Ecology Letters, vol. 12, no. 4, pp. 351–366, 2009.
- L. Markesteijn, L. Poorter, H. Paz, L. Sack, and F. Bongers, “Ecological differentiation in xylem cavitation resistance is associated with stem and leaf structural traits,” Plant, Cell and Environment, vol. 34, no. 1, pp. 137–148, 2011.
- H. Poorter, U. Niinemets, L. Poorter, I. J. Wright, and R. Villar, “Causes and consequences of variation in leaf mass per area (LMA): a meta-analysis,” New Phytologist, vol. 182, no. 3, pp. 565–588, 2009.
- F. J. Sterck and F. Bongers, “Crown development in tropical rain forest trees: patterns with tree height and light availability,” Journal of Ecology, vol. 89, no. 1, pp. 1–13, 2001.
- N. M. Fyllas, S. Patino, T. R. Baker et al., “Basin-wide variations in foliar properties of Amazonian forest: phylogeny, soils and climate,” Biogeosciences, vol. 6, no. 11, pp. 2677–2708, 2009.
- J. H. C. Cornelissen, S. Lavorel, E. Garnier et al., “A handbook of protocols for standardised and easy measurement of plant functional traits worldwide,” Australian Journal of Botany, vol. 51, no. 4, pp. 335–380, 2003.
- L. A. Donovan, H. Maherali, C. M. Caruso, H. Huber, and H. de Kroon, “The evolution of the worldwide leaf economics spectrum,” Trends in Ecology and Evolution, vol. 26, no. 2, pp. 88–95, 2011.
- M. R. G. Roelfsema and R. Hedrich, “In the light of stomatal opening: new insights into 'the Watergate',” New Phytologist, vol. 167, no. 3, pp. 665–691, 2005.
- H. Marschner, Mineral Nutrition in Higher Plants, Academic Press, London, UK, 1986.
- L. S. Santiago and S. J. Wright, “Leaf functional traits of tropical forest plants in relation to growth form,” Functional Ecology, vol. 21, no. 1, pp. 19–27, 2007.
- G. Farquhar, J. Ehleringer, and K. Hubick, “Carbon isotope discrimination and photosynthesis,” Annual Review of Plant Physiology and Plant Molecular Biology, vol. 40, pp. 503–537, 1989.
- I. C. Prentice, T. Meng, H. Wang, S. P. Harrison, J. Ni, and G. Wang, “Evidence of a universal scaling relationship for leaf CO2 drawdown along an aridity gradient,” New Phytologist, vol. 190, no. 1, pp. 169–180, 2011.
- S. M. McMahon, S. P. Harrison, W. S. Armbruster et al., “Improving assessment and modelling of climate change impacts on global terrestrial biodiversity,” Trends in Ecology and Evolution, vol. 26, no. 5, pp. 249–259, 2011.
- B. B. Lamont, P. K. Groom, and R. M. Cowling, “High leaf mass per area of related species assemblages may reflect low rainfall and carbon isotope discrimination rather than low phosphorus and nitrogen concentrations,” Functional Ecology, vol. 16, no. 3, pp. 403–412, 2002.
- B. E. Medlyn, R. A. Duursma, D. Eamus et al., “Reconciling the optimal and empirical approaches to modelling stomatal conductance,” Global Change Biology, vol. 17, no. 6, pp. 2134–2144, 2011.
- J. G. Hodgson, P. J. Wilson, R. Hunt, J. P. Grime, and K. Thompson, “Allocating C-S-R plant functional types: a soft approach to a hard problem,” Oikos, vol. 85, no. 2, pp. 282–294, 1999.
- M. K. Bartlett, C. Scoffoni, and L. Sack, “The determinants of leaf turgor loss point and prediction of drought tolerance of species and biomes: a global meta-analysis,” Ecology Letters, vol. 15, no. 5, pp. 393–405, 2012.
- S. Gourlet-Fleury, J. M. Guehl, and O. Laroussinie, Ecology and Management of a Neotropical Rainforest: Lessons Drawn from Paracou, a Long-Term Experimental Research Site in French Guiana, Elsevier, 2004.
- H. ter Steege, N. C. A. Pitman, O. L. Phillips et al., “Continental-scale patterns of canopy tree composition and function across Amazonia,” Nature, vol. 443, no. 7110, pp. 444–447, 2006.
- C. Baraloto, O. J. Hardy, C. E. T. Paine et al., “Using functional traits and phylogenetic trees to examine the assembly of tropical tree communities,” Journal of Ecology, vol. 100, no. 3, pp. 690–701, 2012.
- M. Ollivier, C. Baraloto, and E. Marcon, “A trait database for Guianan rain forest trees permits intra- and inter-specific contrasts,” Annals of Forest Science, vol. 64, no. 7, pp. 781–786, 2007.
- D. A. King, S. J. Davies, and N. S. M. Noor, “Growth and mortality are related to adult tree size in a Malaysian mixed dipterocarp forest,” Forest Ecology and Management, vol. 223, pp. 152–158, 2006.
- E. Weiher, A. van der Werf, K. Thompson, M. Roderick, E. Garnier, and O. Eriksson, “Challenging theophrastus: a common core list of plant traits for functional ecology,” Journal of Vegetation Science, vol. 10, no. 5, pp. 609–620, 1999.
- D. Bonal, A. Bosc, S. Ponton et al., “Impact of severe dry season on net ecosystem exchange in the Neotropical rainforest of French Guiana,” Global Change Biology, vol. 14, no. 8, pp. 1917–1933, 2008.
- F. Wagner, B. Hérault, C. Stahl, D. Bonal, and V. Rossi, “Modeling water availability for trees in tropical forests,” Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, vol. 151, no. 9, pp. 1202–1213, 2011.
- G. Schwarz, “Estimating the dimension of a model,” Annals of Statistics, vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 461–464, 1978.
- S. Diaz, S. Lavorel, F. de Bello, F. Quetier, K. Grigulis, and T. M. Robson, “Incorporating plant functional diversity effects in ecosystem service assessments,” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, vol. 104, no. 52, pp. 20684–20689, 2007.
- O. L. Phillips, G. van der Heijden, S. L. Lewis et al., “Drought-mortality relationships for tropical forests,” New Phytologist, vol. 187, no. 3, pp. 631–646, 2010.
- D. Nepstad, P. Lefebvre, U. L. Da Silva et al., “Amazon drought and its implications for forest flammability and tree growth: a basin-wide analysis,” Global Change Biology, vol. 10, no. 5, pp. 704–717, 2004.
- G. Wang, C. Alo, R. Mei, and S. Sun, “Droughts, hydraulic redistribution, and their impact on vegetation composition in the Amazon forest,” Plant Ecology, vol. 212, no. 4, pp. 663–673, 2011.
- J. W. Westbrook, K. Kitajima, J. G. Burleigh, W. J. Kress, D. L. Erickson, and S. J. Wright, “What makes a leaf tough? Patterns of correlated evolutionbetween leaf toughness traits and demographic rates among 197 shade-tolerant woody species in a neotropical forest,” American Naturalist, vol. 177, no. 6, pp. 800–811, 2011.
- K. Kitajima and L. Poorter, “Tissue-level leaf toughness, but not lamina thickness, predicts sapling leaf lifespan and shade tolerance of tropical tree species,” New Phytologist, vol. 186, no. 3, pp. 708–721, 2010.
- U. Seibt, A. Rajabi, H. Griffiths, and J. A. Berry, “Carbon isotopes and water use efficiency: sense and sensitivity,” Oecologia, vol. 155, no. 3, pp. 441–454, 2008.
- L. Sack, C. Scoffoni, A. D. McKown et al., “Developmentally based scaling of leaf venation architecture explains global ecological patterns,” Nature Communications, vol. 3, p. 837, 2012.
- J. L. Baltzer, D. M. Gregoire, S. Bunyavejchewin, N. S. M. Noor, and S. J. Davies, “Coordination of foliar and wood anatomical traits contributes to tropical tree distributions and productivity along the malay-thai peninsula,” American Journal of Botany, vol. 96, no. 12, pp. 2214–2223, 2009.
- A. Pennec, V. R. Gond, and D. Sabatier, “Tropical forest phenology in French Guiana from MODIS time series,” Remote Sensing Letters, vol. 2, no. 4, pp. 337–345, 2011.
- IPCC, Climate Change 2007, the Fourth Assessment Report (AR4), 2007.
- D. Nepstad, P. Moutinho, M. Dias et al., “The effects of partial throughfall exclusion on canopy processes, aboveground production, and biogeochemistry of an Amazon forest,” Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres, vol. 107, no. 20, 2002.