- About this Journal ·
- Abstracting and Indexing ·
- Aims and Scope ·
- Article Processing Charges ·
- Author Guidelines ·
- Bibliographic Information ·
- Citations to this Journal ·
- Contact Information ·
- Editorial Board ·
- Editorial Workflow ·
- Free eTOC Alerts ·
- Publication Ethics ·
- Recently Accepted Articles ·
- Reviewers Acknowledgment ·
- Submit a Manuscript ·
- Subscription Information ·
- Table of Contents
International Journal of Family Medicine
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 842847, 5 pages
The Impact of Insurance and a Usual Source of Care on Emergency Department Use in the United States
1Department of Family Medicine, Virginia Commonwealth University, 3650 Joseph Siewick Drive, No. 400 Fairfax, Richmond, VA 22033, USA
2The Robert Graham Center, 1133 Connecticut Avenue, NW Suite 1100, Washington, DC 20036, USA
3Department of Family Medicine, Georgetown University, 4000 Reservoir Road, NW, Washington, DC 20007, USA
Received 25 October 2013; Revised 19 December 2013; Accepted 22 December 2013; Published 9 February 2014
Academic Editor: Carolyn Chew-Graham
Copyright © 2014 Winston Liaw et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
- S. R. Pitts, R. W. Niska, J. Xu, and C. W. Burt, “National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey: 2006 emergency department summary,” National Health Statistics Reports, no. 7, pp. 1–38, 2008.
- “National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey factsheet: Emergency department,” Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Ga, USA, 2010, http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/ahcd/NHAMCS_2010_ed_factsheet.pdf.
- D. F. Ragin, U. Hwang, R. K. Cydulka et al., “Reasons for using the emergency department: results of the EMPATH Study,” Academic Emergency Medicine, vol. 12, no. 12, pp. 1158–1166, 2005.
- J. E. DeVoe, G. E. Fryer, R. Phillips, and L. Green, “Receipt of preventive care among adults: insurance status and usual source of care,” American Journal of Public Health, vol. 93, no. 5, pp. 786–791, 2003.
- P. Cunningham and J. May, “Medicaid patients increasingly concentrated among physicians,” Tracking Report, no. 16, pp. 1–5, 2006.
- R. Niska, F. Bhuiya, and J. Xu, “National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey: 2007 emergency department summary,” National Health Statistics Reports, no. 26, pp. 1–31, 2010.
- G. M. O'Brien, M. D. Stein, S. Zierler, M. Shapiro, P. O'Sullivan, and R. Woolard, “Use of the ED as a regular source of care: associated factors beyond lack of health insurance,” Annals of Emergency Medicine, vol. 30, no. 3, pp. 286–291, 1997.
- K. Grumbach, D. Keane, and A. Bindman, “Primary care and public emergency department overcrowding,” American Journal of Public Health, vol. 83, no. 3, pp. 372–378, 1993.
- N. R. Hoot and D. Aronsky, “Systematic review of emergency department crowding: causes, effects, and solutions,” Annals of Emergency Medicine, vol. 52, no. 2, pp. 126–136, 2008.
- J. C. Moskop, D. P. Sklar, J. M. Geiderman, R. M. Schears, and K. J. Bookman, “Emergency department crowding—part 1—concept, causes, and moral consequences,” Annals of Emergency Medicine, vol. 53, no. 5, pp. 605–611, 2009.
- A. S. O'Malley, D. A. Draper, and L. E. Felland, “Hospital emergency on-call coverage: is there a doctor in the house?” Issue Brief of Center for Studying Health System Change, no. 115, pp. 1–4, 2007.
- W. E. Northington, J. H. Brice, and B. Zou, “Use of an emergency department by nonurgent patients,” American Journal of Emergency Medicine, vol. 23, no. 2, pp. 131–137, 2005.
- E. J. Weber, J. A. Showstack, K. A. Hunt, D. C. Colby, and M. L. Callaham, “Does lack of a usual source of care or health insurance increase the likelihood of an emergency department visit? Results of a national population-based study,” Annals of Emergency Medicine, vol. 45, no. 1, pp. 4–12, 2005.
- M. Pancholi, “Reasons for lacking a usual source of care: 2001 estimates for the US civilian noninstitutionalized population,” Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Rockville, Md, USA, 2001, http://meps.ahrq.gov/data_files/publications/st32/stat32.pdf.
- T. C. Garcia, A. B. Bernstein, and M. A. Bush, “Emergency department visitors and visits: who used the emergency room in 2007?” NCHS Data Brief, no. 38, pp. 1–8, 2010.
- S. M. Petterson, D. Rabin, R. L. Phillips Jr., A. W. Bazemore, and M. S. Dodoo, “Having a usual source of care reduces ED visits,” American Family Physician, vol. 79, no. 2, pp. 94–95, 2009.
- S. K. Long, K. Stockley, E. Grimm, and C. Coyer, “National findings on access to health care and service use for non-elderly adults enrolled in Medicaid,” Urban Institute, Washington, DC, USA, 2012, https://docs.google.com/viewer?a=v&pid=sites&srcid=bWFjcGFjLmdvdnxtYWNwYWN8Z3g6ZGI1YmY1ZTZmYzA0NmQx.
- P. Smulowitz, B. E. Landon, L. Burke, C. Baugh, H. Gunn, and R. Lipton, “Emergency department use by the uninsured after health care reform in Massachusetts,” Internal and Emergency Medicine, vol. 4, no. 6, pp. 501–506, 2009.
- S. K. Long and K. Stockley, “Emergency department visits in Massachusetts: who uses emergency care and why?” Urban Institute, Washington, DC, USA, 2009, http://www.rwjf.org/content/dam/farm/reports/issue_briefs/2009/rwjf46484.
- “Physician Workforce Study,” Massachusetts Medical Society, Waltham, Mass, USA, 2009, http://www.massmed.org/News-and-Publications/Research-and-Studies/MMS-Physician-Workforce-Study–2010/#.Uug4ZxAo4dV.
- “The coverage gap: uninsured poor adults in states that do not expand Medicaid,” Kaiser Family Foundation, Menlo Park, Calif, USA, 2013, http://kff.org/health-reform/issue-brief/the-coverage-gap-uninsured-poor-adults-in-states-that-do-not-expand-medicaid/.
- D. W. Elmendorf, “Cost estimates for H.R. 4872,” Congressional Budget Office, Washington, DC, USA, 2010, http://www.cbo.gov/ftpdocs/113xx/doc11379/AmendReconProp.pdf.
- P. A. Pugno, A. L. McGaha, G. T. Schmittling, A. D. DeVilbiss, and D. J. Ostergaard, “Results of the 2009 National Resident Matching Program: family medicine,” Family Medicine, vol. 41, no. 8, pp. 567–577, 2009.
- X. Zhang, R. L. Phillips Jr., A. W. Bazemore et al., “Physician distribution and access: workforce priorities,” American Family Physician, vol. 77, no. 10, pp. 1378–1379, 2008.
- M. Nielsen, B. Langer, C. Zema, T. Hacker, and P. Grundy, “Benefits of implementing the primary care patient-centered medical home: a review of cost and quality results,” Patient-Centered Primary Care Collaborative, Washington, DC, USA, 2012, http://www.pcpcc.org/sites/default/files/media/benefits_of_implementing_the_primary_care_pcmh.pdf.
- P. J. Cunningham and L. M. Nichols, “The effects of medicaid reimbursement on the access to care of medicaid enrollees: a community perspective,” Medical Care Research and Review, vol. 62, no. 6, pp. 676–696, 2005.