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International Journal of Forestry Research
Volume 2010 (2010), Article ID 402346, 10 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2010/402346
Research Article

Effects of Soil Temperature during Fire on Seed Survival in Florida Sand Pine Scrub

Science Division, Governors State University, University Park, IL 60484, USA

Received 21 July 2009; Accepted 22 December 2009

Academic Editor: Terry L. Sharik

Copyright © 2010 Mary E. Carrington. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Soil temperatures recorded with thermocouples and temperature-sensitive paints were quantified during Florida sand pine scrub prescribed fires at Ocala National Forest and Archbold Biological Station in May 1993. Thermocouples and glass petri dishes painted with temperature-sensitive paints and containing seeds of Eriogonum floridanum were placed at 0 cm and 2 cm depth, and in vegetated and open microsites. Maximum temperatures were higher and peak temperature durations shorter at 0 cm than at 2 cm depth. Temperatures did not differ between microsites during the Ocala fire, but were higher in open microsites during the Archbold fire, probably due to combustion of well-aerated litter. Maximum temperatures of petri dishes were lower than those of adjacent thermocouples due to time required to melt paints. All Eriogonum seeds recovered from petri dishes after the Archbold fire failed to germinate. Germination was quantified for Eriogonum floridanum and Garberia heterophylla seeds heated to 1 0 0 C and 6 0 C under laboratory conditions. Seeds failed to germinate at 1 0 0 C, while germination was similar to controls for seeds exposed to 6 0 C. Results from this study suggest that small-scale spatial variation temperatures at the soil surface during fires is essential for seed survival and subsequent post-fire recruitment.