- About this Journal ·
- Abstracting and Indexing ·
- Aims and Scope ·
- Article Processing Charges ·
- Articles in Press ·
- Author Guidelines ·
- Bibliographic Information ·
- Citations to this Journal ·
- Contact Information ·
- Editorial Board ·
- Editorial Workflow ·
- Free eTOC Alerts ·
- Publication Ethics ·
- Reviewers Acknowledgment ·
- Submit a Manuscript ·
- Subscription Information ·
- Table of Contents
International Journal of Forestry Research
Volume 2010 (2010), Article ID 402346, 10 pages
Effects of Soil Temperature during Fire on Seed Survival in Florida Sand Pine Scrub
Science Division, Governors State University, University Park, IL 60484, USA
Received 21 July 2009; Accepted 22 December 2009
Academic Editor: Terry L. Sharik
Copyright © 2010 Mary E. Carrington. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
- L. J. Lyon and P. F. Stickney, “Early vegetal succession following large northern Rocky Mountain wildfires,” in Proceedings of the Montana Tall Timbers Fire Ecology Conference and Fire and Land Management Symposium, pp. 355–375, Tall Timbers Research Station, Tallahassee, Fla, USA, 1976.
- V. T. Parker and V. R. Kelly, “Seed banks in Californian chaparral and other Mediterranean climate shrublands,” in Ecology of Soil Seed Banks, pp. 231–255, Academic Press, San Diego, Calif, USA, 1989.
- F. Heyward, “Soil temperatures during forest fires in the longleaf pine region,” Journal of Forestry, vol. 36, pp. 478–491, 1938.
- N. C. Beadle, “Soil temperatures during forest fires and their effect on the survival of vegetation,” Journal of Ecology, vol. 28, pp. 180–192, 1940.
- E. Whittaker, “Temperatures in heath fires,” Journal of Ecology, vol. 49, pp. 709–715, 1961.
- G. Floyd, “Effect of fire upon weed seeds in the wet sclerophyll forests of northern New South Wales,” Australian Journal of Botany, vol. 14, pp. 233–256, 1966.
- J. Kayll, “Some characteristics of heath fires in north-east Scotland,” Journal of Applied Ecology, vol. 3, pp. 29–40, 1966.
- D. R. Scotter, “Soil temperatures under grass fires,” Australian Journal of Soil Research, vol. 8, pp. 272–279, 1970.
- S. R. Shea, J. McCormick, and C. C. Portlock, “The effect of fires on regeneration of leguminous species in the northern jarrah (Eucalyptus marginata Sm) forest of Western Australia,” Australian Journal of Ecology, vol. 4, pp. 195–205, 1979.
- M. Gill and R. H. Groves, “Fire regimes in heathlands and their plant-ecological effects,” in Heathlands and Related Shrublands, R. L. Specht, Ed., pp. 61–84, Elsevier Scientific, New York, NY, USA, 1981.
- R. J. Hobbs, J. E. P. Currall, and C. H. Gimingham, “The use of ‘thermocolor’ pyrometers in the study of heath fire behaviour,” Journal of Ecology, vol. 72, no. 1, pp. 241–250, 1984.
- D. T. Patten and G. H. Cave, “Fire temperatures and physical characteristics of a controlled burn in the upper Sonoran desert,” Journal of Range Management, vol. 37, pp. 277–280, 1984.
- T. D. Auld, “Population dynamics of the shrub Acacia suaveolens (Sm.) Willd.: fire and the transition to seedlings,” Australian Journal of Ecology, vol. 11, no. 4, pp. 373–385, 1986.
- P. Stott, “The spatial pattern of dry season fires in the savanna forests of Thailand,” Journal of Biogeography, vol. 13, no. 4, pp. 345–358, 1986.
- R. J. Hobbs and L. Atkins, “Spatial variability of experimental fires in south-west Western Australia,” Australian Journal of Ecology, vol. 13, no. 3, pp. 295–299, 1988.
- M. R. Muñoz and E. R. Fuentes, “Does fire induce shrub germination in the Chilean matorral?” Oikos, vol. 56, no. 2, pp. 177–181, 1989.
- R. A. Bradstock, T. D. Auld, M. E. Ellis, and J. S. Cohn, “Soil temperatures during bushfires in semi-arid, mallee shrublands,” Australian Journal of Ecology, vol. 17, no. 4, pp. 433–440, 1992.
- A. C. Miranda, H. S. Miranda, I. de Fatima Oliveira Dias, and B. F. de Souza Dias, “Soil and air temperatures during prescribed cerrado fires in central Brazil,” Journal of Tropical Ecology, vol. 9, no. 3, pp. 313–320, 1993.
- R. A. Bradstock and T. D. Auld, “Soil temperatures during experimental bushfires in relation to fire intensity: consequences for legume germination and fire management in south-eastern Australia,” Journal of Applied Ecology, vol. 32, no. 1, pp. 76–84, 1995.
- D. C. Odion and F. W. Davis, “Fire, soil heating, and the formation of vegetation patterns in chaparral,” Ecological Monographs, vol. 70, no. 1, pp. 149–169, 2000.
- M. L. Brooks, “Peak fire temperatures and effects on annual plants in the Mojave Desert,” Ecological Applications, vol. 12, no. 4, pp. 1088–1102, 2002.
- B. Perez and J. M. Moreno, “Methods for quantifying fire severity in shrubland-fires,” Plant Ecology, vol. 139, no. 1, pp. 91–101, 1998.
- D. K. Kennard, K. W. Outcalt, D. Jones, and J. J. O'Brien, “Comparing techniques for estimating flame temperatures of prescribed fires,” Plant Ecology, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 75–84, 2005.
- A. L. Wally, E. S. Menges, and C. W. Weekley, “Comparison of three devices for estimating fire temperatures in ecological studies,” Applied Vegetation Science, vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 97–108, 2006.
- F. W. Went, G. Juhren, and M. C. Juhren, “Fire and biotic factors affecting germination,” Ecology, vol. 33, pp. 351–364, 1952.
- E. C. Stone and G. Juhren, “Fire stimulated germination- effect of burning on germination of brush seed investigated in physiological study of chamise,” California Agriculture, vol. 7, pp. 13–14, 1953.
- E. B. Hadley, “Influence of temperature and other factors on Ceanothus megacarpus seed germination,” Madroño, vol. 16, pp. 132–138, 1961.
- R. E. Martin, R. L. Miller, and C. T. Cushwa, “Germination response of legume seeds subjected to moist and dry heat,” Ecology, vol. 56, pp. 1441–1445, 1975.
- J. E. Keeley, B. A. Morton, A. Pedrosa, and P. Trotter, “Role of allelopathy, heat and charred wood in the germination of chaparral herbs and suffrutescents,” Journal of Ecology, vol. 73, no. 2, pp. 445–458, 1985.
- J. E. Keeley, “Role of fire in seed germination of woody taxa in California chaparral,” Ecology, vol. 68, no. 2, pp. 434–443, 1987.
- S. C. Barro and M. Poth, “Seeding and sprouting Ceanothus species: their germination responses to heat,” in Time Scales and Water Stress: Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Mediterranean Ecosystems, F. di Castri, Ch. Floret, S. Rambal, and J. Roy, Eds., pp. 455–458, I.U.B.S., Paris, France, 1988.
- T. D. Auld and M. A. O'Connell, “Predicting patterns of post-fire germination in 35 eastern Australian Fabaceae,” Australian Journal of Ecology, vol. 16, pp. 53–70, 1991.
- J. E. Keeley, “Seed germination and life history syndromes in the California chaparral,” Botanical Review, vol. 57, no. 2, pp. 81–116, 1991.
- J. Roy and L. Sonie, “Germination and population dynamics of Cistus species in relation to fire,” Journal of Applied Ecology, vol. 29, no. 3, pp. 647–655, 1992.
- F. González-Rabanal, M. Casal, and L. Trabaud, “Effects of high temperatures, ash and seed position in the inflorescence on the germination of three Spanish grasses,” Journal of Vegetation Science, vol. 5, no. 3, pp. 289–294, 1994.
- R. L. Myers, “Scrub and high pine,” in Ecosystems of Florida, R. L. Myers and J. J. Ewel, Eds., pp. 150–193, University of Central Florida Press, Orlando, Fla, USA, 1990.
- R. E. Lopez and R. L. Holle, “The distribution of summertime lightning as a function of low-level wind flow in central Florida,” Technical Memorandum ERL ESG-28, NOAA, 1987.
- A. F. Johnson and W. G. Abrahamson, “A note on the fire responses of species in rosemary scrubs on the southern Lake Wales ridge,” Florida Scientist, vol. 53, pp. 138–143, 1990.
- E. S. Menges, “Habitat preferences and response to disturbance for Dicerandra frutescens, a Lake Wales Ridge (Florida) endemic plant,” Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club, vol. 119, pp. 308–313, 1992.
- E. S. Menges and N. Kohfeldt, “Life history strategies of Florida scrub plants in relation to fire,” Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club, vol. 122, pp. 282–297, 1995.
- W. G. Abrahamson and J. R. Abrahamson, “Effects of a low-intensity, winter fire on long-unburned Florida sand pine scrub,” Natural Areas Journal, vol. 16, no. 3, pp. 171–183, 1996.
- M. E. Carrington, “Post-fire seedling establishment in Florida sand pine scrub,” Journal of Vegetation Science, vol. 10, no. 3, pp. 403–412, 1999.
- D. C. Le Maitre and J. J. Midgley, “Plant reproductive ecology,” in The Ecology of Fynbos: Nutrients, Fire and Diversity, R. M. Cowling, Ed., pp. 135–174, Oxford University Press, Cape Town, South Africa, 1992.
- A. F. Johnson, “Some demographic characteristics of the Florida rosemary Ceratiola ericoides Michx,” American Midland Naturalist, vol. 108, no. 1, pp. 170–174, 1982.
- P. B. Thomas, E. C. Morris, and T. D. Auld, “Interactive effects of heat shock and smoke on germination of nine species forming soil seed banks within the Sydney region,” Austral Ecology, vol. 28, no. 6, pp. 674–683, 2003.
- P. B. Thomas, E. C. Morris, and T. D. Auld, “Response surfaces for the combined effects of heat shock and smoke on germination of 16 species forming soil seed banks in south-east Australia,” Austral Ecology, vol. 32, no. 6, pp. 605–616, 2007.
- M. E. Carrington, “Soil seed bank structure and composition in Florida sand pine scrub,” American Midland Naturalist, vol. 137, no. 1, pp. 39–47, 1997.
- G. Lakon, “The topographical tetrazolium method for determining the germination capacity of seeds,” Plant Physiology, vol. 24, pp. 389–394, 1949.
- SAS Institute Inc, SAS/STAT User's Guide: Release 6.03 Edition, SAS Institute Inc., Cary, NC, USA, 1988.
- S. Siegel and N. J. Castellan Jr., Nonparametric Statistics for the Behavioral Sciences, McGraw-Hill, New York, NY, USA, 1988.
- SAS Institute Inc., SAS/STAT 9.1 User's Guide, SAS Institute Inc., Cary, NC, USA, 2004.
- M. E. Carrington, Postfire recruitment in Florida sand pine scrub in comparison with California chaparral, Ph.D. dissertation, University of Florida, Gainesville, Fla, USA, 1996.
- W. J. Bond, M. Honig, and K. E. Maze, “Seed size and seedling emergence: an allometric relationship and some ecological implications,” Oecologia, vol. 120, no. 1, pp. 132–136, 1999.