- About this Journal ·
- Abstracting and Indexing ·
- Aims and Scope ·
- Article Processing Charges ·
- Articles in Press ·
- Author Guidelines ·
- Bibliographic Information ·
- Citations to this Journal ·
- Contact Information ·
- Editorial Board ·
- Editorial Workflow ·
- Free eTOC Alerts ·
- Publication Ethics ·
- Reviewers Acknowledgment ·
- Submit a Manuscript ·
- Subscription Information ·
- Table of Contents
International Journal of Forestry Research
Volume 2010 (2010), Article ID 438930, 7 pages
Physiological Effects of Smoke Exposure on Deciduous and Conifer Tree Species
1Department of Plant and Wildlife Sciences, Brigham Young University, Provo, UT 84602, USA
2Department of Environmental Science, Policy, and Management, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA
Received 1 July 2009; Revised 6 December 2009; Accepted 1 February 2010
Academic Editor: Terry L. Sharik
Copyright © 2010 W. John Calder et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
- J. K. Agee, Fire Ecology of Pacific Northwest Forests, Island Press, Washington, DC, USA, 1993.
- “Wildland fire in ecosystems: effects of fire on flora,” in Introduction and Fire Regimes, J. K. Brown and J. K. Smith, Eds., United States Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Ogden, Utah, USA, 2009.
- D. V. Sandberg, R. D. Ottmar, and J. L. Peterson, “Wildland fire in ecosystems: effects of fire on air,” General Technical Report, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Ogden, Utah, USA, 2009.
- ICPP, Working Group 2 Fourth Assessment Report, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, 2007.
- M. I. Daws, J. Davies, H. W. Pritchard, N. A. C. Brown, and J. Van Staden, “Butenolide from plant-derived smoke enhances germination and seedling growth of arable weed species,” Plant Growth Regulation, vol. 51, no. 1, pp. 73–82, 2007.
- S. J. Davies and L. Unam, “Smoke-haze from the 1997 Indonesian forest fires: effects on pollution levels, local climate, atmospheric CO2 concentrations, and tree photosynthesis,” Forest Ecology and Management, vol. 124, no. 2-3, pp. 137–144, 1999.
- M. E. Gilbert and B. S. Ripley, “The effect of smoke on the photosynthetic gas exchange of Chrysanthemoides monilifera,” South African Journal of Botany, vol. 68, no. 4, pp. 525–531, 2002.
- J. M. Guehl and G. Aussenac, “Photosynthesis decrease and stomatal control of gas exchange in Abies alba Mill. In response to vapor pressure difference,” Plant Physiology, vol. 83, no. 2, pp. 316–322, 1987.
- M. Radojevic, “Chemistry of forest fires and regional haze with emphasis on Southeast Asia,” Pure and Applied Geophysics, vol. 160, no. 1-2, pp. 157–187, 2003.
- J. E. Keeley and C. J. Fotheringham, “Trace gas emissions and smoke-induced seed germination,” Science, vol. 276, no. 5316, pp. 1248–1250, 1997.
- M. F. Robinson, J. Heath, and T. A. Mansfield, “Disturbances in stomatal behaviour caused by air pollutants,” Journal of Experimental Botany, vol. 49, Special Issue, pp. 461–469, 1998.
- G. D. Peiser and S.F. Yang, “Chlorophyll destruction by bisulfite-oxygen system,” Plant Physiology, vol. 60, no. 2, pp. 277–281, 1977.
- G. Torsethaugen, E. J. Pell, and S. M. Assmann, “Ozone inhibits guard cell channels implicated in stomatal opening,” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, vol. 96, no. 23, pp. 13577–13582, 1999.
- T. W. Kimmerer and T. T. Kozlowski, “Stomatal conductance and sulfur uptake of five clones of Populus tremuloides exposed to sulfur dioxide,” Plant Physiology, vol. 67, pp. 990–995, 1981.
- A. R. Wellburb, “SO2 effects on stromal and thylakoid function,” in Sulfur Dioxide and Vegetation, W. E. Winner, H. A. Mooney, and R. A. Goldstein, Eds., pp. 133–147, Stanford University Press, Stanford, Calif, USA, 1985.
- K.-I. Shimazaki, K. Nakamachi, N. Kondo, and K. Sugahara, “Sulfite inhibition of Photosystem II in illuminated spinach leaves,” Plant and Cell Physiology, vol. 25, no. 2, pp. 337–341, 1984.
- K. Shimazaki and K. Sugahara, “Specific inhibition of photosystem II activity in chloroplasts by fumigation of spinach leaves with SO2,” Plant and Cell Physiology, vol. 20, no. 5, pp. 947–955, 1979.
- J. N. Bull and T. A. Mansfield, “Photosynthesis in leaves exposed to SO2 and NO2,” Nature, vol. 250, no. 5465, pp. 443–444, 1974.
- G. Wingsle and J. Hallgren, “Influence of SO2 and NO2 exposure on glutathione, superoxide dismutase and glutathione reductase activities in Scots pine needles,” Journal of Experimental Botany, vol. 44, no. 2, pp. 463–470, 1993.
- R. G. Alscher, “Biosynthesis and antioxidant function of glutathione in plants,” Physiologia Planatarum, vol. 77, no. 3, pp. 457–464, 1989.
- M. A. Moritz and D. C. Odion, “Examining the strength and possible causes of the relationship between fire history and Sudden Oak Death,” Oecologia, vol. 144, no. 1, pp. 106–114, 2005.
- H. Marschner, Mineral Nutrition of Higher Plants, Academic, London, UK, 2nd edition, 1995.
- E. J. Holzmueller, S. Jose, and M. A. Jenkins, “The relationship between fire history and an exotic fungal disease in a deciduous forest,” Oecologia, vol. 155, no. 2, pp. 347–356, 2008.
- M. W. Schwartz, S. M. Hermann, and C. S. Vogel, “The catastrophic loss of Torreya taxifolia: assessing environmental induction of disease hypotheses,” Ecological Applications, vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 501–516, 1995.
- S. Roche, J. M. Koch, and K. W. Dixon, “Smoke enhanced seed germination for mine rehabilitation in the southwest of Western Australia,” Restoration Ecology, vol. 5, no. 3, pp. 191–203, 1997.
- G. R. Flematti, E. L. Ghisalberti, K. W. Dixon, and R. D. Trengove, “A compound from smoke that promotes seed germination,” Science, vol. 305, no. 5686, p. 977, 2004.
- N. Jain, G. D. Ascough, and J. Van Staden, “A smoke-derived butenolide alleviates HgC and ZnC inhibition of water uptake during germination and subsequent growth of tomato—possible involvement of aquaporins,” Journal of Plant Physiology, vol. 165, no. 13, pp. 1422–1427, 2008.
- S. M. Cooper and N. Owen-Smith, “Condensed tannins deter feeding by browsing ruminants in a South African savanna,” Oecologia, vol. 67, no. 1, pp. 142–146, 1985.
- J. R. Donaldson and R. L. Lindroth, “Genetics, environment, and their interaction determine efficacy of chemical defense in trembling aspen,” Ecology, vol. 88, no. 3, pp. 729–739, 2007.
- C. B. Purrington, “Costs of resistance,” Current Opinion in Plant Biology, vol. 3, no. 4, pp. 305–308, 2000.
- S. Y. Strauss, J. A. Rudgers, J. A. Lau, and R. E. Irwin, “Direct and ecological costs of resistance to herbivory,” Trends in Ecology and Evolution, vol. 17, no. 6, pp. 278–285, 2002.
- R. B. Taylor, E. Sotka, and M. E. Hay, “Tissue-specific induction of herbivore resistance: seaweed response to amphipod grazing,” Oecologia, vol. 132, no. 1, pp. 68–76, 2002.
- J. P. Bryant, T. P. Clausen, P. B. Reichardt, M. C. McCarthy, and R. A. Werner, “Effect of nitrogen fertilization upon the secondary chemistry and nutritional value of quaking aspen (Populus tremuloides Michx.) leaves for the large aspen tortrix (Choristoneura conflictana (Walker)),” Oecologia, vol. 73, no. 4, pp. 513–517, 1987.
- H. E. Brown, “Gamble oak in west-central Colorado,” Ecology, vol. 39, no. 2, pp. 317–327, 1958.
- L. B. Lentile, P. Morgan, and A. T. Hudak, “Post-fire burn severity and vegetation response following eight large wildfires across the Western United States,” Fire Ecology, vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 91–108, 2007.
- B. P. Kurzel, T. T. Veblen, and D. Kulakowski, “A typology of stand structure and dynamics of Quaking aspen in northwestern Colorado,” Forest Ecology and Management, vol. 252, no. 1–3, pp. 176–190, 2007.
- J. P. Kimmins, Forest Ecology: A Foundation for Sustainable Forest Management and Environmental Ethics in Forestry, Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, NJ, USA, 3rd edition, 2004.
- “Smoke management guide for prescribed and wildland fire,” in Smoke Source Characteristics, C. C. Hardy, R. D. Ottmar, J. L. Peterson, J. E. Core, and P. Seamon, Eds., pp. 89–105, National Wildfire Coordination Group, Boise, Idaho, USA, 2001 edition, 2001.
- T. D. Sharkey, C. J. Bernacchi, G. D. Farquhar, and E. L. Singsaas, “Fitting photosynthetic carbon dioxide response curves for C3 leaves,” Plant, Cell and Environment, vol. 30, no. 9, pp. 1035–1040, 2007.
- L. J. Porter, L. N. Hrstich, and B. G. Chan, “The conversion of procyanidins and prodelphinidins to cyanidin and delphinidin,” Phytochemistry, vol. 25, no. 1, pp. 223–230, 1985.
- R. L. Lindroth, K. K. Kinney, and C. L. Platz, “Responses of deciduous trees to elevated atmospheric CO2: productivity, phytochemistry, and insect performance,” Ecology, vol. 74, no. 3, pp. 763–777, 1993.
- M. L. Gumpertz and C. Brownie, “Repeated measures in randomized block and split-plot experiments,” Canadian Journal of Forest Research, vol. 23, no. 4, pp. 625–639, 1993.
- H. Saxe, “Effects of NO, NO2 and CO2 on net photosynthesis, dark respiration and transpiration of pot plants,” New Phytologist, vol. 103, no. 1, pp. 185–197, 1986.
- J. W. Swanepoel, G. H. J. Krüger, and P. D. R. van Heerden, “Effects of sulphur dioxide on photosynthesis in the succulent Augea capensis Thunb,” Journal of Arid Environments, vol. 70, no. 2, pp. 208–221, 2007.
- P. Berrang, D. F. Karnosky, and J. P. Bennett, “Natural selection for ozone tolerance in Populus tremuloides: and evaluation of nationwide trends,” Canadian Journal of Forest Research, vol. 21, no. 7, pp. 1091–1097, 1991.