Table 3: Afforestation costs, M€.

Forestry zoneAnnual costs by zonePV costs
OpportunityPlantingCare and protection % % % %

Polissja (Wooland)1.416.12.0356.3162.799.572.7
Forest Steppe6.432.84.11084.3486.0290.5207.5
Steppe14.149.87.12173.3965.0570.2402.7
Carpathians0.87.50.9177.980.949.243.8
Crimea0.819.62.5345.0159.999.473.7

Ukraine23.5125.816.64136.81854.51108.8792.4

Source. Computed on the basis of data from the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine [28].