Table 8: Economic evaluation of afforestation across zones, PV M€.

Forestry zone %Total benefitsCostsNPV

Polissja (Woodland)0756.6356.3400.3
2128.1162.7−34.6
433.399.5−66.2

Forest Steppe03531.71084.32447.4
2834.7486348.7
4329.0290.538.5

Steppe04572.12173.32398.8
21433.4965468.4
4696.6570.2126.4

Carpathians01136.4177.9958.5
2204.980.9124
459.949.210.7

Crimea0707.3345362.3
2175.6159.915.7
474.299.4−25.2