Table 1: Characteristics of the three study zones.

Type of heathlandAltitude (m)LocalizationSlopeType of soilsClimate

Zone ADry heathland dominated by Erica australis 100042°43′52′′N; 5°8′9′′WFlatHumic cambisolMediterranean
Zone BDry heathland dominated by Erica australis 115042°41′47′′N; 5°8′14′′WFlatHumic cambisolMediterranean
Zone CWet heathland dominated by Calluna vulgaris 160043°5′5′′N; 5°21′1′′WFlatRankersContinental