Table 1: Capability and accuracy of milk by ultrasonic milk analysis for determination of physicochemical properties of milk.

ParameterMeasuring rangeAccuracy

Fat0,01%–45%±0,06%
Solids nonfat (SNF)3%–40%±0,15%
Density1000–1160 kg/m±0,3
Protein2%–15%±0,15%
Lactose0,01%–20%±0,2%
Added water0%–70%±3
Milk sample temperature5°C–40°C±1%
Freezing point(−0,4°C)–(−0,7°C)±0,005%
Salts0,4%–4%±0,05%
pH0–14±0,05%
Conductivity2–14 (mS·cm−1)±0,05%