About this Journal Submit a Manuscript Table of Contents
International Journal of Food Science
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 238216, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/238216
Research Article

Polyphenol Bioaccessibility and Sugar Reducing Capacity of Black, Green, and White Teas

Functional Food Centre, Oxford Brookes University, Gipsy Lane, Oxford OX3 0BP, UK

Received 3 December 2012; Revised 25 February 2013; Accepted 15 March 2013

Academic Editor: Jose M. Prieto-Garcia

Copyright © 2013 Shelly Coe et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Tea (Camellia sinensis) is a widely consumed beverage and recognised for its potential enhancing effect on human health due to its rich polyphenol content. While a number of studies have investigated the quantity and type of polyphenols present in different tea samples, no study has reported the potential effect of digestive enzymes on the availability of tea polyphenols for human absorption or the subsequent impact on glycaemic response. The objectives of the present study were to assess the total polyphenol content of different teas, to assess the bioaccessibility of polyphenols in whole and bagged teas, and to determine the effect of black, white, and green tea infusions on sugar release. All of the teas were a significant source of polyphenols (10–116 mg Gallic acid equivalents/g). There was an overall increase in the release of polyphenols from both the bagged and the whole teas following in vitro digestion. Bagged green tea significantly ( ) reduced rapidly digestible starch from white bread samples compared to control and black and white bagged teas. The present study confirms that tea is a rich source of polyphenols and highlights the potential benefits it may have on modulating glycaemic response in humans.