- About this Journal ·
- Abstracting and Indexing ·
- Aims and Scope ·
- Annual Issues ·
- Article Processing Charges ·
- Author Guidelines ·
- Bibliographic Information ·
- Citations to this Journal ·
- Contact Information ·
- Editorial Board ·
- Editorial Workflow ·
- Free eTOC Alerts ·
- Publication Ethics ·
- Recently Accepted Articles ·
- Reviewers Acknowledgment ·
- Submit a Manuscript ·
- Subscription Information ·
- Table of Contents
International Journal of Geophysics
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 625831, 17 pages
Regional Climate Model Sensitivity to Domain Size for the Simulation of the West African Summer Monsoon Rainfall
1Department of Physics, University of Cape Coast, Cape Coast, Ghana
2Earth System Physics (ESP) Section, International Centre for Theoretical Physics (ICTP), 34151 Trieste, Italy
Received 2 May 2011; Revised 29 August 2011; Accepted 5 November 2011
Academic Editor: Alessandra Giannini
Copyright © 2012 Nana A. K. Browne and Mouhamadou B. Sylla. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
- C. D. Thorncroft, H. Nguyen, and C. Zhang, “Annual cycle of the West African monsoon: regional circulations and associated water vapour transport,” Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, vol. 137, no. 654, pp. 129–147, 2011.
- K. H. Cook, “Generation of the African easterly jet and its role in determining West African precipitation,” Journal of Climate, vol. 12, no. 5 I, pp. 1165–1184, 1999.
- C. D. Thorncroft and M. Blackburn, “Maintenance of the African easterly jet,” Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, vol. 125, no. 555, pp. 763–786, 1999.
- M. B. Sylla, F. Giorgi, P. M. Ruti, S. Calmanti, and A. Dell'Aquila, “The impact of deep convection on the West African summer monsoon climate: a regional climate model sensitivity study,” Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, vol. 137, no. 659, pp. 1417–1430, 2011.
- J. S. Hsieh and K. H. Cook, “A study of the energetics of African easterly waves using regional climate model,” Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, vol. 64, no. 2, pp. 421–440, 2007.
- V. Sathiyamoorthy, P. K. Pal, and P. C. Joshi, “Intraseasonal variability of the Tropical Easterly Jet,” Meteorology and Atmospheric Physics, vol. 96, no. 3-4, pp. 305–316, 2007.
- B. J. Abiodun, J. S. Pal, E. A. Afiesimama, W. J. Gutowski, and A. Adedoyin, “Simulation of West African monsoon using RegCM3 Part II: impacts of deforestation and desertification,” Theoretical and Applied Climatology, vol. 93, no. 3-4, pp. 245–261, 2008.
- K. I. Mohr and C. D. Thorncroft, “Intense convective systems in West Africa and their relationship to the African easterly jet,” Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, vol. 132, no. 614, pp. 163–176, 2006.
- G. S. Jenkins, A. T. Gaye, and B. Sylla, “Late 20th century attribution of drying trends in the Sahel from the Regional Climate Model (RegCM3),” Geophysical Research Letters, vol. 32, no. 22, Article ID L22705, pp. 1–4, 2005.
- A. Gaye, A. Viltard, and P. de Félice, “Squall lines and rainfall over Western Africa during summer 1986 and 87,” Meteorology and Atmospheric Physics, vol. 90, no. 3-4, pp. 215–224, 2005.
- E. K. Vizy and K. H. Cook, “Development and application of a mesoscale climate model for the tropics: influence of sea surface temperature anomalies on the West African monsoon,” Journal of Geophysical Research D, vol. 107, no. 3, Article ID 4023, 2002.
- M. B. Sylla, A. T. Gaye, G. S. Jenkins, J. S. Pal, and F. Giorgi, “Consistency of projected drought over the Sahel with changes in the monsoon circulation and extremes in a regional climate model projections,” Journal of Geophysical Research D, vol. 115, no. 16, Article ID D16108, 2010.
- W. Moufouma-Okia and D. P. Rowell, “Impact of soil moisture initialisation and lateral boundary conditions on regional climate model simulations of the West African Monsoon,” Climate Dynamics, vol. 35, no. 1, pp. 213–229, 2010.
- E. A. Afiesimama, J. S. Pal, B. J. Abiodun, W. J. Gutowski, and A. Adedoyin, “Simulation of West African monsoon using the RegCM3. Part I: model validation and interannual variability,” Theoretical and Applied Climatology, vol. 86, no. 1–4, pp. 23–37, 2006.
- M. B. Sylla, A. T. Gaye, J. S. Pal, G. S. Jenkins, and X. Q. Bi, “High-resolution simulations of West African climate using regional climate model (RegCM3) with different lateral boundary conditions,” Theoretical and Applied Climatology, vol. 98, no. 3-4, pp. 293–314, 2009.
- M. B. Sylla, A. Dell'Aquila, P. M. Ruti, and F. Giorgi, “Simulation of the intraseasonal and the interannual variability of rainfall over West Africa with RegCM3 during the monsoon period,” International Journal of Climatology, vol. 30, no. 12, pp. 1865–1883, 2010.
- R. A. Anthes, Ying-Hwa Kuo, Eirh-Yu Hsie, S. Low-Nam, and T. W. Bettge, “Estimation of skill and uncertainty in regional numerical models,” Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, vol. 115, no. 488, pp. 763–806, 1989.
- F. Giorgi and L. O. Mearns, “Introduction to special section: regional climate modeling revisited,” Journal of Geophysical Research, vol. 104, pp. 6335–6352, 1999.
- S. A. Rauscher, A. Seth, J. H. Qian, and S. J. Camargo, “Domain choice in an experimental nested modeling prediction system for South America,” Theoretical and Applied Climatology, vol. 86, no. 1–4, pp. 229–246, 2006.
- A. Seth and F. Giorgi, “The effects of domain choice on summer precipitation simulation and sensitivity in a regional climate model,” Journal of Climate, vol. 11, no. 10, pp. 2698–2712, 1998.
- R. G. Jones, J. M. Murphy, and M. Noguer, “Simulation of climate change over Europe using a nested regional-climate model. I: assessment of control climate, including sensitivity to location of lateral boundaries,” Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, vol. 121, no. 526 B, pp. 1413–1449, 1995.
- F. Giorgi, M. R. Marinucci, and G. T. Bates, “Development of a second-generation regional climate model (RegCM2). Part I: boundary-layer and radiative transfer processes,” Monthly Weather Review, vol. 121, no. 10, pp. 2794–2813, 1993.
- F. Giorgi, M. R. Marinucci, G. T. Bates, and G. De Canio, “Development of a second-generation regional climate model (RegCM2). Part II: convective processes and assimilation of lateral boundary conditions,” Monthly Weather Review, vol. 121, no. 10, pp. 2814–2832, 1993.
- J. S. Pal, F. Giorgi, X. Bi, et al., “The ICTP RegCM3 and RegCNET: regional climate modeling for the developing world,” Bulletin of American Meteorological Society, vol. 88, pp. 1395–1409, 2007.
- G. A. Grell, J. Dudhia, and D. R. Stauffer, “Description of the fifth generation Penn State/NCAR mesoscale model (MM5),” Technical Note NCAR/TN-398+STR, 1994.
- J. T. Kiehl, J. J. Hack, G. B. Bonan, et al., “Description of the NCAR Community Climate Model (CCM3),” Tech. Rep. TN-420+STR, NCAR, Boulder, Colo, USA, 1996.
- A. A. M. Holtslag, E. I. F. De Bruijn, and H. L. Pan, “A high resolution air mass transformation model for short-range weather forecasting,” Monthly Weather Review, vol. 118, no. 8, pp. 1561–1575, 1990.
- R. E. Dickinson, A. Henderson-Sellers, and P. J. Kennedy, “Biosphere–atmosphere transfer scheme (BATS) version 1E as coupled to the NCAR Community Climate Model,” Technical Note NCAR/TN-387+STR, 1993.
- X. Zeng, M. Zhao, and R. E. Dickinson, “Intercomparison of bulk aerodynamic algorithms for the computation of sea surface fluxes using TOGA COARE and TAO data,” Journal of Climate, vol. 11, no. 10, pp. 2628–2644, 1998.
- J. M. Fritsch and C. F. Chappell, “Numerical prediction of convectively driven mesoscale pressure systems. Part I: convective parameterization,” Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, vol. 37, no. 8, pp. 1722–1733, 1980.
- J. S. Pal, E. E. Small, and E. A. B. Eltahir, “Simulation of regional-scale water and energy budgets: representation of subgrid cloud and precipitation processes within RegCM,” Journal of Geophysical Research D, vol. 105, no. 24, pp. 29579–29594, 2000.
- S. Uppala, D. Dee, S. Kobayashi, P. Berrisford, and A. Simmons, “Towards a climate data assimilation system: status update of ERA-Interim,” ECMWF Newsletter, vol. 115, pp. 12–18, 2008.
- R. W. Reynolds, N. A. Rayner, T. M. Smith, D. C. Stokes, and W. Wang, “An improved in situ and satellite SST analysis for climate,” Journal of Climate, vol. 15, no. 13, pp. 1609–1625, 2002.
- C. Kummerow, Y. Hong, W. S. Olson et al., “The evolution of the Goddard profiling algorithm (GPROF) for rainfall estimation from passive microwave sensors,” Journal of Applied Meteorology, vol. 40, no. 11, pp. 1801–1820, 2001.
- G. J. Huffman, R. F. Adler, D. T. Bolvin et al., “The TRMM multisatellite precipitation analysis (TMPA): quasi-global, multiyear, combined-sensor precipitation estimates at fine scales,” Journal of Hydrometeorology, vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 38–55, 2007.
- R. F. Adler, G. J. Huffman, A. Chang et al., “The version-2 global precipitation climatology project (GPCP) monthly precipitation analysis (1979-present),” Journal of Hydrometeorology, vol. 4, no. 6, pp. 1147–1167, 2003.
- M. B. Sylla, F. Giorgi, E. Coppola, and L. Mariotti, “Uncertainties in daily rainfall over Africa: assessment of observation products and evaluation of a regional climate model simulation,” submitted to International Journal of Climatology.
- F. Giorgi and X. Bi, “A study of internal variability of a regional climate model,” Journal of Geophysical Research D, vol. 105, no. 24, pp. 29503–29521, 2000.
- M. M. Kgatuke, W. A. Landman, A. Beraki, and M. P. Mbedzi, “The internal variability of the RegCM3 over South Africa,” International Journal of Climatology, vol. 28, no. 4, pp. 505–520, 2008.
- E. Vanvyve, N. Hall, C. Messager, S. Leroux, and J. P. van Ypersele, “Internal variability in a regional climate model over West Africa,” Climate Dynamics, vol. 30, no. 2-3, pp. 191–202, 2008.
- S. E. Nicholson, B. Some, and B. Kone, “An analysis of recent rainfall conditions in West Africa, including the rainy seasons of the 1997 El Nino and the 1998 La Nina years,” Journal of Climate, vol. 13, no. 14, pp. 2628–2640, 2000.
- V. Mathon and H. Laurent, “Life cycle of Sahelian mesoscale convective cloud systems,” Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, vol. 127, no. 572, pp. 377–406, 2001.
- M. B. Sylla, E. Coppola, L. Mariotti et al., “Multiyear simulation of the African climate using a regional climate model (RegCM3) with the high resolution ERA-interim reanalysis,” Climate Dynamics, vol. 35, no. 1, pp. 231–247, 2010.
- B. Sultan, S. Janicot, and A. Diedhiou, “The West African monsoon dynamics. Part I: documentation of intraseasonal variability,” Journal of Climate, vol. 16, no. 21, pp. 3389–3406, 2003.
- M. B. Sylla, F. Giorgi, and F. Stordal, “The large-scale origins of rainfall and temperature bias in high resolution simulations over southern Africa,” Climate Research. In press.
- S. E. Nicholson, “The intensity, location and structure of the tropical rainbelt over west Africa as factors in interannual variability,” International Journal of Climatology, vol. 28, no. 13, pp. 1775–1785, 2008.
- M. J. Rodwell and B. J. Hoskins, “Subtropical anticyclones and summer monsoons,” Journal of Climate, vol. 14, no. 15, pp. 3192–3211, 2001.
- C. Chou and J. D. Neelin, “Mechanisms limiting the northward extent of the northern summer monsoons over North America, Asia, and Africa,” Journal of Climate, vol. 16, no. 3, pp. 406–425, 2003.
- A. Diedhiou, S. Janicot, A. Viltard, and P. De Felice, “Evidence of two regimes of easterly waves over West Africa and the tropical Atlantic,” Geophysical Research Letters, vol. 25, no. 15, pp. 2805–2808, 1998.
- A. Mekonnen, C. D. Thorncroft, and A. R. Aiyyer, “Analysis of convection and its association with African easterly waves,” Journal of Climate, vol. 19, no. 20, pp. 5405–5421, 2006.