Table 2: Comparison of common cardiovascular disease risk factors between categories of hypertension in men and women using aware controlled hypertension as reference. The Vara-Skövde Cohort 2001–2005 within the Skaraborg Project.

Normal blood pressure
Unstable blood pressureHypertension

MenOptimal (n = 557)Normal (n = 385)High (n = 179)(n = 70)(n = 209)

 Age
  Mean (SD)42.8 (8.5)45.0 (10.0) 51.9 (12.3) 55.4 (11.1) 60.5 (10.5)
  Diff (CI)2.2 (1.0; 3.5) 9.2 (7.5; 10.9)12.7 (10.2; 15.1)17.7 (16.1; 19.3)
 Systolic BP (mm Hg)
  Mean (SD)110.9 (8.9)
123.4 (8.5)132.9 (8.5) 144.2 (8.6) 144.9 (9.4)
  Diff (CI) 12.5 (11.4; 13.6) 22.0 (20.5; 23.4) 33.2 (31.1; 35.4)34.0 (32.4; 35.5)
 Diastolic BP (mm Hg)
  Mean (SD) 66.0 (8.3)71.4 (8.0)76.9 (8.0) 83.7 (8.0) 81.8 (8.8)
  Diff (CI)5.8 (4.8; 6.9)11.4 (10.0; 12.8)18.2 (16.1; 20.2)16.3 (14.8; 17.8)
 Total chol (mmol/L)
  Mean (SD) 5.3 (1.1)5.4 (1.0)5.4 (1.0) 5.7 (1.0)5.2 (1.1)
  Diff (CI)0.1 (−0.1; 0.2) −0.2 (0.0; 0.3)0.4 (0.1; 0.6)−0.1 (−0.3; 0.1)
 SCORE
  Mean (SD) 1.4 (1.9)1.2 (1.9)1.2 (1.9) 2.8 (1.9)2.7 (2.1)
  Diff (CI)−0.1 (−0.3; 0.1)−0.1 (−0.4; 0.2)1.5 (1.0; 2.0)1.4 (1.0; 1.7)
 SCORE-DM
  Mean (SD) 1.6 (2.9)1.4 (2.8)1.2 (2.8)3.3 (1.7) 3.6 (2.0)
  Diff (CI)−0.2 (−0.5; 0.2)−0.3 (−0.8; 0.2)1.7 (1.0; 2.4)2.0 (1.5; 2.6)
 Smoking
   𝑛 (%)87 (16)59 (14) 30 (17) 15 (22) 25 (12)
  OR (CI)1.0 (0.7; 1.4)1.1 (0.7; 1.7)1.5 (0.8; 2.9)0.7 (0.4; 1.3)
 Diabetes
   𝑛 (%)15 (3) 12 (3) 10 (6) 7 (10) 45 (22)
  OR (CI)1.0 (0.5; 2.2)1.2 (0.5; 2.9)2.0 (0.7; 5.3)3.9 (1.9; 8.0)
 CVD
   𝑛 (%)7 (1)5 (1) 11 (6)1 (1) 36 (17)
  OR (CI)0.7 (0.2; 2.2)1.4 (0.5; 4.1)0.2 (0.0; 2.1)2.6 (1.0; 6.5)
 SCORE-HIGH
   𝑛 (%)12 (2)19 (5) 28 (16)25 (37)95 (46)
  OR (CI)1.3 (0.5; 3.9)1.3 (0.5; 3.7)10.2 (3.2; 33.2)4.9 (1.9; 12.2)
 SCORE-HIGH-DM
   𝑛 (%)15 (3)20 (5)33 (18) 28 (41) 104 (50)
  OR (CI)1.0 (0.3; 2.6)1.3 (0.5; 3.5)10.1 (3.3; 30.5)4.7 (2.0; 11.2)

WomenOptimal ( 𝑛 = 8 0 5 ) Normal ( 𝑛 = 2 3 0 ) High ( 𝑛 = 1 1 5 ) ( 𝑛 = 6 0 ) ( 𝑛 = 2 0 6 )

 Age
  Mean (SD)42.2 (7.9)48.7 (10.7) 55.4 (11.9) 58.2 (9.5) 61.1 (10.3)
  Diff (CI)6.5 (5.1; 7.8)13.2 (11.4; 15.0)16.0 (13.6; 18.4)18.9 (17.5; 20.3)
 Systolic BP (mm Hg)
  Mean (SD)108.1 (9.6)
122.8 (8.7) 132.6 (8.9) 143.9 (8.9) 145.4 (9.9)
  Diff (CI)14.6 (13.3; 15.9)24.5 (22.7; 26.3)35.8 (33.4; 38.2)37.2 (35.6; 38.9)
 Diastolic BP (mm Hg)
  Mean (SD) 63.1 (8.6)71.9 (7.8) 75.0 (8.0)81.1 (8.0) 79.3 (8.9)
  Diff (CI)8.9 (7.7; 10.1)12.0 (10.3; 13.6)18.0 (15.8; 20.2)16.2 (14.8; 17.7)
 Total chol (mmol/L)
  Mean (SD) 5.2 (1.1)5.3 (1.0) 5.4 (1.0) 5.5 (1.0) 5.1 (1.1)
  Diff (CI)0.2 (0.0; 0.3)0.2 (0.0; 0.4)0.3 (0.0; 0.6)0.0 (−0.2; 0.1)
 SCORE
  Mean (SD) 0.4 (0.8)0.3 (0.7) 0.4 (0.8)0.9 (0.8) 1.1 (0.8)
  Diff (CI)−0.1 (−0.2; 0.0)−0.1 (−0.2; 0.1)0.4 (0.2; 0.6)0.6 (0.5; 0.8)
 SCORE-DM
  Mean (SD) 0.6 (1.9)0.3 (1.7) 0.4 (1.8)1.1 (1.8) 2.0 (2.0)
  Diff (CI)−0.3 (−0.6; 0.0)−0.2 (−0.5; 0.2)0.5 (0.0; 0.9)1.3 (1.0; 1.7)
 Smoking
   𝑛 (%)162 (20)50 (22) 26 (23) 12 (20) 39 (19)
  OR (CI)1.2 (0.8; 1.7)1.3 (0.8; 2.2)1.2 (0.6; 2.3)1.1 (0.7; 1.8)
 Diabetes
   𝑛 (%)11 (1)5 (2) 6 (5) 5 (8) 42 (20)
  OR (CI)1.2 (0.4; 3.5)2.2 (0.7; 6.5)3.3 (1.0; 10.6)8.2 (3.5; 19.0)
 CVD
   𝑛 (%)6 (1)6 (3) 2 (2) 1 (2)12 (6)
  OR (CI)1.1 (0.3; 3.7)0.3 (0.0; 1.5)0.3 (0.0; 2.4)0.6 (0.2; 2.0)
 SCORE-HIGH
   𝑛 (%)1 (0)0 (0)2 (2) 2 (3) 14 (7)
  OR (CI)0.0 (0.0; —)1.4 (0.4; 8.6)3.0 (0.8; 16.9)3.9 (1.8; 24.3)
 SCORE-HIGH-DM
   𝑛 (%)3 (0)0 (0)5 (4) 5 (8) 39 (19)
  OR (CI)0.0 (0.0; —)1.8 (0.4; 8.6)3.6 (0.8; 16.9)6.6 (1.8; 24.3)