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International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 989281, 9 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/989281
Research Article

Synthesis and Characterization of Nanosized Pigments

1Inorganic Chemistry Department, National Research Center, P.O. Box 12622, Dokki, Giza, Egypt
2Polymers and Pigments Department, National Research Center, P.O. Box 12622, Dokki, Giza, Egypt
3Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Ain Shams University, Abbassia, Cairo 11566, Egypt

Received 10 April 2012; Accepted 17 May 2012

Academic Editor: Wolfgang Linert

Copyright © 2012 M. F. R. Fouda et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The work in this paper was devoted to investigating some nanosized iron oxide pigments prepared by microemulsion technique. The role of concentration of iron salt and surfactant (cetyltrimethylammonium bromide) on the produced iron oxide was studied. The techniques employed to characterize the samples were thermogravimetric analysis, X-ray diffractometry, transmission electron microscope, infrared spectroscopy, and diffuse reflectance spectroscopy. The results revealed that the particle size of the prepared sample using 0.2 M iron sulfate and 3.2 wt% of surfactant was in the range 7–9 nm. Increasing the concentration of either iron salt or the surfactant increased the particle size of the obtained ferric oxide. The diffuse reflectance measurements showed that the charge transfer/electron pair transition absorption peak, which is closely related to the reddish color of the oxide, was shifted to a longer wavelength (blue shift) by decreasing the dimension of the particles. The samples were tested as pigments. They showed different tints of red color and were found to be promising for applications as pigments in the field of paint manufacturing.