International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry http://www.hindawi.com The latest articles from Hindawi Publishing Corporation © 2014 , Hindawi Publishing Corporation . All rights reserved. Kinetics and Mechanism of the Oxidation of Naphthol Green B by Peroxydisulphate Ion in Aqueous Acidic Medium Tue, 25 Mar 2014 14:11:15 +0000 http://www.hindawi.com/journals/ijic/2014/768575/ The kinetics of the oxidation of naphthol green B (NGB3−) by peroxydisulphate ion has been carried out in aqueous acidic medium at of 700 nm, °C, and  mol dm−3 (NaCl). The reaction shows a first-order dependence on oxidant and reductant concentration, respectively. The stoichiometry of the NGB— reaction is 1 : 2. Change in hydrogen ions concentration of the reaction medium has no effect on the rate of the reaction. Added cations and anions decreased the rate of the reaction. The results of spectroscopic and kinetic investigation indicate that no intermediate complex is probably formed in the course of this reaction. B. Myek, S. O. Idris, and J. F. Iyun Copyright © 2014 B. Myek et al. All rights reserved. Solution Studies on Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II), and Zn(II) Complexes of Hexamethylenetetramine in Aqueous and Non-Aqueous Solvents Mon, 03 Mar 2014 08:48:36 +0000 http://www.hindawi.com/journals/ijic/2014/397132/ Potentiometric studies in aqueous medium and spectrophotometric study in non-aqueous medium were used to understand the behavior of hexamethylenetetramine (HMTA) complexes. The protometric studies of HMTA enabled us to confirm that only one basic site of this ligand is protonated in acidic medium and this ligand is decomposed in acidic medium. In aqueous medium, only hexa-aqua complexes in which HMTA is present in the second coordination sphere forming H-bonds with hydrogen atoms of coordinated and uncoordinated water molecules are obtained. In non-aqueous solvents, HMTA coordinates to metal ions displaying diversity in the structures of the resulting complexes in which HMTA can either be monodentate, bridged bidentate, tridentate, or tetradentate. Awawou G. Paboudam, Christian Gérard, Aminou Mohamadou, Moise O. Agwara, Mariam A. Conde, and Peter T. Ndifon Copyright © 2014 Awawou G. Paboudam et al. All rights reserved. Synthesis, Spectral, Thermal, Electrochemical, and Biocidal Activity of Tolyl/Benzyl Dithiocarbonates of Zinc(II) Tue, 24 Dec 2013 09:30:15 +0000 http://www.hindawi.com/journals/ijic/2013/135496/ Tolyl/benzyl dithiocarbonates of zinc(II) [(CH3C6H4 and C6H5CH2OCS2)2Zn] have been synthesized in 1 : 2 molar ratio by the reaction of zinc chloride, ZnCl2, with sodium salts of tolyl/benzyl dithiocarbonates CS2Na, in aqueous medium. These complexes were further reacted with nitrogen and phosphorous donor ligands to obtain donor stabilized complex of the type [[(CH3C6H4 and C6H5CH2)OCS2]2Zn.nL], (L = Bipy, Phen for and PPh3, Py for ). These complexes were characterised by elemental analysis, mass, IR, and NMR (1H, 13C, and 31P) spectroscopies. The thermal analysis (TGA/DTA), cyclic voltammetry, and SEM have also been done. Distorted tetrahedral and octahedral geometries around the Zn(II) metal are proposed. These complexes have depicted potential antibacterial and antifungal activity. Nidhi Kalgotra, Bhawana Gupta, Savit Andotra, Sandeep Kumar, and Sushil Kumar Pandey Copyright © 2013 Nidhi Kalgotra et al. All rights reserved. Crystal Structures and Magnetic Properties of Two New Cobalt(II) Complexes with Triazole-Substituted Nitronyl and Imino Nitroxide Radicals Sun, 22 Dec 2013 14:19:04 +0000 http://www.hindawi.com/journals/ijic/2013/272156/ Two new cobalt(II) complexes of formula [Co(hfac)2(NITphtrz) 1 and Co(hfac)2(IMphtrz) 2] have been prepared and characterized structurally [where NITphtrz = 4,4,5,5-tetramethyl-2-(2-phenyl-1,2,3-triazole-4-yl)imidazoline-1-oxyl-3-oxide and IMphtrz = 4,4,5,5-tetramethyl-2-(2-phenyl-1,2,3-triazole-4-yl)imidazoline-1-oxyl]. All of the complexes crystallize in an isomorphous triclinic space group with the Co(II) ion octahedrally coordinated via the bidentate chelating mode. The magnetic measurements show that two complexes exhibit antiferromagnetic interactions between the metal ions and the nitroxide radicals. Jing Chen, You-Juan Zhang, Kun-Tao Huang, Qiang Huang, and Jun-Jie Wang Copyright © 2013 Jing Chen et al. All rights reserved. Synthesis and Characterization of the Adducts of Bis(O-ethyldithiocarbonato)copper(II) with Substituted Pyridines Sun, 22 Dec 2013 09:28:12 +0000 http://www.hindawi.com/journals/ijic/2013/502856/ Monomeric five coordinated adducts of bis(O-ethyldithiocarbonato)copper(II) of general formula [Cu(C2H5OCS2)2(L)], [L = 2-, 3-, 4-methylpyridines and 2-, 3-, 4-ethylpyridines] have been synthesized and characterized by elemental analysis, i.r. and electronic spectroscopy, magnetic and conductivity measurements. Analytical results show that the adducts have 1 : 1 stoichiometry. The adducts were found to be paramagnetic and their magnetic moments at room temperature lie within the 1.81–1.94 B.M. range and this indicates the presence of one unpaired electron. All the adducts have distorted square pyramidal geometry. Gurpreet Kour, Inderjeet Kour, and Renu Sachar Copyright © 2013 Gurpreet Kour et al. All rights reserved. Synthesis, Electrochemical, Spectroscopic, Antimicrobial, and Superoxide Dismutase Activity of Nickel (II) Complexes with Bidentate Schiff Bases Thu, 19 Dec 2013 13:46:59 +0000 http://www.hindawi.com/journals/ijic/2013/617837/ Five new nickel (II) complexes, namely, [Ni(L1)2](ClO4)2(1); [Ni(L2)2](ClO4)2(2); [Ni(L3)2](ClO4)2(3); [Ni(L4)2](ClO4)2(4); [Ni(L5)2](ClO4)2(5), where L1 = benzoylhydrazide; L2 = N-[(1)-1-(2-methylphenyl)ethylidene]benzohydrazide; L3=N-[(1)-1-(4-methylphenyl)ethylidene]benzohydrazide; L4=N-[(1)-1-(2-methoxyphenyl)ethylidene]benzohydrazide; L5 = N-[(1)-1-(4-methoxy-phenyl)ethylidene]benzohydrazide, have been synthesized and characterized by various physicochemical and spectroscopic techniques. The synthesized complexes are stable powders, insoluble in common organic solvents such as ethanol, benzene, carbon tetrachloride, chloroform, and diethyl ether, and are nonelectrolytes. The magnetic and spectroscopic data indicate a distorted square planar geometry for all complexes. The superoxide dismutase activity of these complexes has been measured and discussed. Antibacterial and antifungal properties of these complexes were also tested. R. N. Patel, S. P. Rawat, and Mukesh Choudhary Copyright © 2013 R. N. Patel et al. All rights reserved. Characteristic Studies of Hexamethylene Diamine Complexes Tue, 05 Nov 2013 09:52:21 +0000 http://www.hindawi.com/journals/ijic/2013/458018/ Preparation and chemical analysis of Mn(II), Fe(III), Co(II), Ni(II), and Zn(II) complexes with Schiff base L [o-HOC6H4CH:N(CH2)6N:CHC6H4OH-o] are the main tasks of this work. The octahedral (M2L2·nH2O·X) complexes in 1 : 1 M : L ratio (X = or Ac− group, L = ligand) were prepared by involving the hydroxylic group in ortho position. All complexes were characterized on the basis of elemental analysis, UV, IR, 1H NMR, Gc/Ms, thermogravimetric analysis, magnetic measurements, molar conductance, and electrical conductivity. The obtained data indicate that all the investigated compounds behave as semiconductor materials. Hoda A. Bayoumi Copyright © 2013 Hoda A. Bayoumi. All rights reserved. Synthesis, Characterization, and Photophysical Studies of Some Novel Ruthenium(II) Polypyridine Complexes Derived from Benzothiazolyl hydrazones Wed, 02 Oct 2013 11:39:40 +0000 http://www.hindawi.com/journals/ijic/2013/212435/ A series of five benzothiazolylhydrazone ligands 3a–3e and their seven novel Ru(II) polypyridine complexes 4a–4d, 5a, 5d, 5e of the type [Ru(N–N)2(L)]Cl2, where (N–N)2 is 2,2′-bipyridine (bpy)2 or 1,10-phenanthroline (phen)2 and (L) is ligands 3a–3e, have been synthesized and characterized by elemental analysis, IR, 1H NMR, electronic absorption, and emission spectral studies. The interpretation of the analytical data revealed that the ligands coordinate with the metal ion in a bidentate fashion through azomethine nitrogen and phenolic oxygen to form complexes. These ligands and complexes also exhibit absorption and luminescence properties. Shaikh Khaled, Mohammed Zamir Ahmed, Firdous G. Khan, and Shaikh Kabeer Ahmed Copyright © 2013 Shaikh Khaled et al. All rights reserved. Effect of Ni Doping on the Growth and Properties of Mn-L-Histidine Hydrochloride Monohydrate Crystals Sun, 08 Sep 2013 17:22:50 +0000 http://www.hindawi.com/journals/ijic/2013/716819/ The main focus of this work had been to grow good quality crystals from amino acids and amino acid-based materials for nonlinear optics (NLO) applications. For the first time, a series of amino acid complexes doped with transition metal ions were grown in our laboratory from aqueous solutions by slow evaporation technique. Ni(II) ion doped Manganese L-Histidine hydrochloride monohydrate (Ni(II)-MnLHICl) crystals were grown on the same lines and were characterized by powder X-ray diffraction (XRD), optical absorption, electron paramagnetic resonance, and infrared absorption studies. From Powder XRD, the unit cell lattice parameters were calculated as  nm,  nm and  nm. From electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectra, isotropic “g” factor and spin hamiltonian parameter A all were calculated as 2.0439 and , respectively. From optical absorption studies, crystal field splitting value () and the interelectron repulsion parameters B and C were calculated for Ni2+ and Mn2+ as  cm−1,  cm−1,  cm−1 and  cm−1,  cm−1,  cm−1, respectively. The presence of various functional groups and the modes of vibrations were confirmed by FTIR studies. J. Sai Chandra, P. N. V. V. L. Prameela Rani, V. Parvathi, and Y. Sunandamma Copyright © 2013 J. Sai Chandra et al. All rights reserved. Nickel (II) and Iron (II) Complexes with Azole Derivatives: Synthesis, Crystal Structures and Antifungal Activities Mon, 26 Aug 2013 16:07:34 +0000 http://www.hindawi.com/journals/ijic/2013/987574/ Two new complexes of nickel (II) with 4-amino-3, 5-bis(pyridyl)-1, 2, 4-triazole (abpt) and iron (II) with 2-(3-phenyl-1H-pyrazole-5-yl) pyridine (phpzpy) have been synthesized and characterized by elemental analysis and IR spectroscopy. The crystal structures of the complexes have been determined by single crystal X-ray diffraction techniques. In the nickel and iron complexes, the ligands are coordinated through nitrogen atoms in bidentate manner. The ligands and their respective complexes have been tested for their antifungal activity against Aspergillus niger, Aspergillus flavus, and Candida albicans. From the study, the complexes showed enhanced activities against the tested organisms compared to the ligands. Emmanuel N. Nfor, Peter F. Asobo, Justin Nenwa, Oswald N. Nfor, Julius N. Njapba, Romanus N. Njong, and Offiong E. Offiong Copyright © 2013 Emmanuel N. Nfor et al. All rights reserved. Zn (II) and Cu (II) Halide Complexes of Poly(propylene amine) Dendrimer Analysed by Infrared and Raman Spectroscopies Mon, 22 Jul 2013 09:48:06 +0000 http://www.hindawi.com/journals/ijic/2013/895956/ Two nondestructive and complementary spectral methods as infrared and Raman spectroscopies have been used for characterizations of poly(propylene amine) dendrimers comprising 1,8-naphthalimide units in the dendrimer periphery and their metal complexes with Cu2+ at Zn2+ ions. Ivo Grabchev, Ismail Hakki Boyaci, Ugur Tamer, and Ivan Petkov Copyright © 2013 Ivo Grabchev et al. All rights reserved. Synthesis, Characterization, and Biological Studies of Binuclear Copper(II) Complexes of (2E)-2-(2-Hydroxy-3-Methoxybenzylidene)-4N-Substituted Hydrazinecarbothioamides Thu, 11 Jul 2013 13:41:12 +0000 http://www.hindawi.com/journals/ijic/2013/741269/ Four novel binuclear copper(II) complexes [1–4] of (2E)-2-(2-hydroxy-3-methoxybenzylidene)-4N-substituted hydrazinecarbothioamides, (OH)(OCH3)C6H4CH=NNHC(S)NHR, where R = H (L1), Me (L2), Et (L3), or Ph (L4), have been synthesized and characterized. The FT-IR spectral data suggested the attachment of copper(II) ion to ligand moiety through the azomethine nitrogen, thioketonic sulphur, and phenolic-O. The spectroscopic characterization indicates the dissociation of dimeric complex into mononuclear [Cu(L)Cl] units in polar solvents like DMSO, where L is monoanionic thiosemicarbazone. The DNA binding properties of the complexes with calf thymus (CT) DNA were studied by spectroscopic titration. The complexes show binding affinity to CT DNA with binding constant () values in the order of 106 M−1. The ligands and their metal complexes were tested for antibacterial and antifungal activities by agar disc diffusion method. Except for complex 4, all complexes showed considerable activity almost equal to the activity of ciprofloxacin. These complexes did not show any effect on Gram-negative bacteria, whereas they showed moderate activity for Gram-positive strains. P. Murali Krishna, B. S. Shankara, and N. Shashidhar Reddy Copyright © 2013 P. Murali Krishna et al. All rights reserved. Synthesis and Characterization of Heteronuclear Copper(II)-Lanthanide(III) Complexes of N,N′-1,3-Propylenebis(Salicylaldiminato) Where Lanthanide(III) = Gd or Eu Tue, 28 May 2013 08:51:02 +0000 http://www.hindawi.com/journals/ijic/2013/281270/ Three complexes, namely, [Cu(salbn)] (1), [Cu(salbn)Gd(NO3)3·H2O] (2), and [Cu(salbn)Eu(NO3)3·H2O] (3) where salbn = N,N′-1,3-propylenebis (salicylaldiminato) have been synthesized and characterized by elemental analyses, ICP-AES, IR, UV, NMR, MS, EDX, powder XRD, and EPR spectroscopies. The EDX results suggest the presence of two different metal ions in heteronuclear complexes (2) and (3). The ligand(salbn), complex (1), and complex (3) crystallize in triclinic system while complex (2) crystallizes in monoclinic system. The EPR studies suggest that [Cu(salbn)] complex is tetragonally coordinated monomeric copper(II) complex with unpaired electron in the orbital and spectral features that are the characteristics of axial symmetry while complex (2) in DMF solution at liquid nitrogen temperature exhibits an anisotropic broad signal around g ~ 2.03 which may suggest a weak magnetic spin-exchange interaction between Gd(III) and Cu(II) ions. The fluorescence intensity of Eu(III) decreased markedly in the complex (3). Longjam Jaideva Singh and Rajkumar Hemakumar Singh Copyright © 2013 Longjam Jaideva Singh and Rajkumar Hemakumar Singh. All rights reserved. Synthesis, Spectroscopic, and Magnetic Studies of Mono- and Polynuclear Schiff Base Metal Complexes Containing Salicylidene-Cefotaxime Ligand Tue, 30 Apr 2013 09:15:15 +0000 http://www.hindawi.com/journals/ijic/2013/108740/ Metal complexes of a Schiff base ligand derived from cefotaxime and salicylaldehyde were prepared. The salicilydene-cefotaxime ligand (H2L) and mononuclear [M(L)] (M(II) = Co, Ni and Cu), dinuclear [Ag2(L)(OAc)2], and tetranuclear metal complexes [M4(L)(OH)6] (M(II) = Ni, Cu) were characterized on the basis of analytical, thermal, magnetic, and spectral studies (IR, UV-visible, 1H NMR, 13C NMR, and EPR). The electronic spectra of the complexes and their magnetic moments suggesttetrahedral geometry for the isolated complexes. The complexes are nonelectrolytes and insoluble in water and common organic solvents but soluble in DMSO. J. R. Anacona, Johan Calvo, and Ovidio A. Almanza Copyright © 2013 J. R. Anacona et al. All rights reserved. Synthesis, Characterization, and Antibacterial Activity of Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II), Zn(II), Cd(II), and Hg(II) Complexes of Schiff's Base Type Ligands Containing Benzofuran Moiety Wed, 24 Apr 2013 08:11:15 +0000 http://www.hindawi.com/journals/ijic/2013/614628/ Six new complexes of Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II), Zn(II), Cd(II), and Hg(II) with substituted benzofuran derivatives have been synthesized and characterized by elemental analysis, magnetic moments, conductance measurements, spectral characterization, and so forth. Elemental data coincide with the general formula , where L = (E)-7-Methoxy-N1-(2,4,5-trimethoxy benzylidene) benzofuran-2-carbohydrazide (L1) or (E)-N1-(2,6-dichloro benzylidene)-7-methoxy benzofuran-2-carbohydrazide (L2), of the complexes. The ligands coordinate to the metal ions through the oxygen of the carbonyl group and the nitrogen of the hydrazine group. Electronic spectral data of the complexes suggests the probable geometry is octahedral in nature. All the complexes and ligands were screened for their antibacterial activity. Among them, Co, Ni, and Cu complexes of L2 showed good activity against all microbes. N. Shashidhar Reddy, B. S. Shankara, P. Murali Krishana, C. Basavaraj, and B. Mahesh Copyright © 2013 N. Shashidhar Reddy et al. All rights reserved. Syntheses and Characterization of the Coordination Compounds of N-(2-hydroxymethylphenyl)-C-(3′-carboxy-2′-hydroxyphenyl)thiazolidin-4-one Mon, 11 Mar 2013 17:41:37 +0000 http://www.hindawi.com/journals/ijic/2013/524179/ A dry benzene solution of the Schiff base N-(2-hydroxymethylphenyl)-3′-carboxy-2′-hydroxybenzylideneimine upon reacting with mercaptoacetic acid undergoes cyclization and forms N-(2-hydroxymethylphenyl)-C-(3′-carboxy-2′-hydroxyphenyl)thiazolidin-4-one, LH3 (I). A MeOH solution of I reacts with Co(II), Ni(II), Cd(II), Zr(OH)2(IV), and UO2(VI) ions and forms the monomeric coordination compounds, [M(LH)(MeOH)3] [where M = Co(II), Ni(II)], [M′(LH)(MeOH)] [here M′ = Cd(II), UO2(VI)] and [Zr(OH)2(LH)(MeOH)]. The coordination compounds have been characterized on the bases of elemental analyses, molar conductance, molecular weight, spectral (IR, NMR, and reflectance) studies, and magnetic susceptibility measurements. I behaves as a dibasic tridentate OOS donor ligand in these compounds. The compounds are nonelectrolytes ( = 3.8–8.9 mho cm2 mol−1) in DMF. A tetrahedral structure for [Cd(LH)(MeOH)] and an octahedral structure for the remaining compounds are suggested. Dinesh Kumar, Amit Kumar, and Durga Dass Copyright © 2013 Dinesh Kumar et al. All rights reserved. Detection of Metal Ions and Protons with a New Blue Fluorescent Bis(1,8-Naphthalimide) Thu, 28 Feb 2013 14:17:18 +0000 http://www.hindawi.com/journals/ijic/2013/628946/ The synthesis of a new blue fluorescent bis(1,8-naphthalimide) has been described and its basic photophysical characteristics have been investigated in organic solvents of different polarity. The detection of protons and different metal cations (Ag+, Cu2+, Co2+, Ni2+, Fe3+ and Zn2+) with the new compound has been investigated by the use fluorescence spectroscopy. Stanislava Yordanova, Stanimir Stoianov, Ivo Grabchev, and Ivan Petkov Copyright © 2013 Stanislava Yordanova et al. All rights reserved. Synthesis of New Zirconium(IV) Complexes with Amino Acid Schiff Bases: Spectral, Molecular Modeling, and Fluorescence Studies Thu, 21 Feb 2013 13:11:54 +0000 http://www.hindawi.com/journals/ijic/2013/847071/ New zirconium(IV) complexes were synthesized with bidentate ligands and characterized by elemental analysis, molar conductance measurements, molecular weight determinations, IR, electronic, NMR (1H and 13C), fluorescence and molecular modeling studies. All the complexes are 1 : 2 electrolytes in nature and may be formulated as [Zr(L)2Cl2] (where L is Schiff bases of amino acids and substituted isatin). The analytical data showed that the Schiff-base ligand acts as bidentate toward zirconium ion via the azomethine nitrogen and carboxylate oxygen. The conductivity values between 8.5–12.6 Ω−1, mol−1, cm2 in DMF imply the presence of nonelectrolyte species. On the basis of spectral and molecular modeling studies, the resulting complexes are proposed to have octahedral geometries. Har Lal Singh and Jangbhadur Singh Copyright © 2013 Har Lal Singh and Jangbhadur Singh. All rights reserved. Synthesis, Characterization, and Biological Evaluation of Some 3d-Metal Complexes of Schiff Base Derived from Xipamide Drug Mon, 18 Feb 2013 16:18:16 +0000 http://www.hindawi.com/journals/ijic/2013/549805/ The present paper deals with the synthesis and characterization of metal complexes of Schiff base derived from xipamide, a diuretic drug. The bidentate ligand is derived from the inserted condensation of 5-aminosulfonyl-4-chloro-N-2,6-dimethyl phenyl-2-hydroxybenzamide (Xipamide) with salicylaldehyde in a 1 : 1 molar ratio. Using this bidentate ligand, complexes of Hg(II), Zn(II), and VO(IV) with general formula ML2 have been synthesized. The synthesized complexes were characterized by several techniques using molar conductance, elemental analysis, magnetic susceptibility, FT-IR spectroscopy, electronic spectra, mass spectra, and particle size analysis. The elemental analysis data suggest the stoichiometry to be 1 : 2 [M : L]. All the complexes are nonelectrolytic in nature as suggested by molar conductance measurements. Infrared spectral data indicate the coordination between the ligand and the central metal ion through deprotonated phenolic oxygen and azomethine nitrogen atoms. Spectral studies suggest tetrahedral geometry for Hg(II), Zn(II) complexes, and square pyramidal geometry for VO(IV) complex. The pure drug, synthesized ligand, and metal complexes were screened for their antifungal activities against Aspergillus niger and Aspergillus flavus. The ligand and its Hg(II) and VO(IV) complexes were screened for their diuretic activity too. Suman Malik, Suparna Ghosh, Bharti Jain, Archana Singh, and Mamta Bhattacharya Copyright © 2013 Suman Malik et al. All rights reserved. Synthesis and Crystal Structure of Wed, 16 Jan 2013 14:07:47 +0000 http://www.hindawi.com/journals/ijic/2013/153023/ The title compound was synthesized by the reaction between a manganese(II) carboxylate and the tetradentate Schiff base ligand, 5-Br-salpnH2 [N,N′-bis(5-Br-salicylidene)-1,3-diaminopropane] produced in situ. The complex crystallizes in the P21/c space group with unit cell dimensions (10), (10), (3), , (10), and . The manganese(III) ion is in a distorted octahedral environment with longer axial bonds. Thampidas V. S, Aisha Basheer, and Saliny Shyla Copyright © 2013 Thampidas V. S et al. All rights reserved. Studies on Synthesis and Spectral Characterization of Some Transition Metal Complexes of Azo-Azomethine Derivative of Diaminomaleonitrile Wed, 16 Jan 2013 12:18:43 +0000 http://www.hindawi.com/journals/ijic/2013/436275/ New complexes of 2,3-bis(5-(4-chlorophenyl)diazenyl)-2-hydroxybenzylideneamino)maleonitrile (CDHBDMN) with VO(II), Mn(II), Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II), and Zn(II) were synthesized and characterized by analytical and physicochemical techniques, that is, elemental analyses, molar conductivity, UV, IR, EPR, 1H-NMR spectra, magnetic susceptibility and also by aid of scanning electron microscopy (SEM), nonlinear optical study (NLO), fluorescence spectral studies, and solvatochromic behaviors. Electronic and magnetic susceptibility measurements of the complexes indicate square pyramidal geometry for VO(II), octahedral for Ni(II), and square planar geometry for all the other complexes. The EPR spectral data provide information about their structures on the basis of Hamiltonian parameters and the degree of covalency. These metal complexes were also tested for their antibacterial and antifungal activities to assess their inhibiting potential. Metal-mediated fluorescence enhancement is observed on complexation of the azo Schiff base ligand. The synthesized compounds were investigated for nonlinear optical properties, and the surface morphology of the Cu(II) complex was studied by scanning electron microscopy. C. Anitha, C. D. Sheela, P. Tharmaraj, and R. Shanmugakala Copyright © 2013 C. Anitha et al. All rights reserved. Synthesis and Studies on S-Triazine-Based Ligand and Its Metal Complexes Mon, 17 Dec 2012 12:45:27 +0000 http://www.hindawi.com/journals/ijic/2012/301086/ Tridentate chelate complexes of ML type (where M = Cu(II), Ni(II), and Co(II)) have been synthesized from triazine-based ligand 4,6-bis(5-mercapto-1,3,4-thiadiazol-amine)2-phenylamino-1,3,5-triazine (BMTDT). Microanalytical data, magnetic susceptibility measurements, IR, 1H NMR, UV-vis, mass, and EPR spectral techniques were used to characterise the structure of chelates. The electronic absorption spectra and magnetic susceptibility measurements suggest that metal complexes show square pyramidal geometry. The electrochemical behavior of copper(II) complex is studied by cyclic voltammetry. All synthesized compounds may serve as potential photoactive materials as indicated from their characteristic fluorescence properties. The second harmonic generation efficiency (SHG) of the ligand and metal complexes has been found to be higher than that of urea and KDP. The antimicrobial activity of the ligand and metal(II) complexes against the species Shigella, Chromobacterium, Staphylococcus aureus, Candida albicans, and Aspergillus niger has been carried out and compared with the standard one. R. Shanmugakala, P. Tharmaraj, C. D. Sheela, and C. Anitha Copyright © 2012 R. Shanmugakala et al. All rights reserved. Synthesis, Characterization, and Biological Activity of Some Transition Metal Complexes of N-Benzoyl-N′-2-thiophenethiocarbohydrazide Sun, 02 Dec 2012 08:52:00 +0000 http://www.hindawi.com/journals/ijic/2012/269497/ In the present study, Mn(II), Fe(II), Ni(II), and Cu(II) complexes of N-benzoyl -N′-2-thiophenethiocarbohydrazide (H2 BTTH) have been synthesized and characterized by elemental analysis, magnetic susceptibility measurements, infrared, NMR, electronic, and ESR spectral studies. The complexes were found to have compositions [Mn(H BTTH)2], [Ni(BTTH)(H2O)2], [Cu(BTTH)], and [Fe(H BTTH)2EtOH]. The antibacterial and antifungal properties of H2 BTTH and its metal complexes have been screened against several bacteria and fungi. Mahendra Yadav Copyright © 2012 Mahendra Yadav. All rights reserved. Na3MP3O10·12H2O (M = Co, Ni): Crystal Structure and IR Spectroscopy Tue, 27 Nov 2012 10:54:52 +0000 http://www.hindawi.com/journals/ijic/2012/702471/ Two new dodecahydrate trisodium triphosphates Na3MP3O10·12H2O (M = Co (1), Ni (2)) were synthesized using a wet chemistry route and characterized by X-ray diffraction and FT-IR spectroscopy. They are isotypic, monoclinic (P21/, ), with pseudoorthorhombic unit cell parameters (Ǻ,°): ( (4), (2), (4), (2), for (1) and (3), (2), (3), (16) for (2)). Values of / are 0.0267/0.0738 and 0.0284/0.0907, respectively, for (1) and (2). Both compounds were found to be systematically twinned by 180° rotation around . Their frameworks are made by slabs parallel to plane, resulting from the cohesion of two kinds of metallic chains. IR spectrum confirms the presence of characteristic bands from P3O10 phosphate group. Khalil Azzaoui, Rachid Essehli, El Miloud Mejdoubi, Brahim El Bali, Michal Dusek, and Karla Fejfarova Copyright © 2012 Khalil Azzaoui et al. All rights reserved. Preparation, Analytical, IR Spectral, and Thermal Studies of Some New Hydrazinium Carboxylates Mon, 05 Nov 2012 19:10:31 +0000 http://www.hindawi.com/journals/ijic/2012/624374/ Hydrazinium salts of 2,4-dichlorophenylacetic acid, phenoxyacetic acid, 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid, diphenylacetic acid, cinnamic acid, and picolinic and nicotinic acids have been prepared by accomplishing neutralization of aqueous hydrazine hydrate with the respective acids. Formation of these hydrazinium salts has been confirmed by analytical, IR spectral, and thermal studies. IR spectra of the salts register N–N stretching frequencies of ion in the region 963–951 cm−1 and the frequencies of ion in the region 1047–1026 cm−1. Thermal decomposition studies show that the hydrazinium salts undergo melting followed by endothermic decomposition into carbon residue as the endproduct. R. Manimekalai, C. R. Sinduja, and K. Kalpanadevi Copyright © 2012 R. Manimekalai et al. All rights reserved. Structure and Magnetic Properties of Aerosol Nanoparticles of Fe and Its Alloys Tue, 11 Sep 2012 09:02:21 +0000 http://www.hindawi.com/journals/ijic/2012/610305/ Structure and magnetic properties of aerosol nanoparticles of Fe and its alloys (FeMn, FeNi, FeNiMn, FePt, FeCr, FeCo, and FeCu) have been reviewed. It has been shown that, compared to a bulk material, the particles have a number of specific features being of much fundamental and applied interest. The effect of both a quenched high-temperature Fe modification and its oxides on the structure and magnetism of nanoparticles has been considered in detail. Particular attention has been paid to the recently observed fine structure in the hyperfine field distribution at iron nuclei in Mössbauer spectra for pure iron and its alloys both as a bulk and aerosol nanoparticles. This phenomenon makes it possible to reveal very weak magnetic interactions in the system under study. The plausible origin of these magnetic interactions has been also discussed. Yu. I. Petrov and E. A. Shafranovsky Copyright © 2012 Yu. I. Petrov and E. A. Shafranovsky. All rights reserved. Synthesis and Characterization of Nanosized Fe2O3 Pigments Mon, 13 Aug 2012 15:20:21 +0000 http://www.hindawi.com/journals/ijic/2012/989281/ The work in this paper was devoted to investigating some nanosized iron oxide pigments prepared by microemulsion technique. The role of concentration of iron salt and surfactant (cetyltrimethylammonium bromide) on the produced iron oxide was studied. The techniques employed to characterize the samples were thermogravimetric analysis, X-ray diffractometry, transmission electron microscope, infrared spectroscopy, and diffuse reflectance spectroscopy. The results revealed that the particle size of the prepared sample using 0.2 M iron sulfate and 3.2 wt% of surfactant was in the range 7–9 nm. Increasing the concentration of either iron salt or the surfactant increased the particle size of the obtained ferric oxide. The diffuse reflectance measurements showed that the charge transfer/electron pair transition absorption peak, which is closely related to the reddish color of the oxide, was shifted to a longer wavelength (blue shift) by decreasing the dimension of the particles. The samples were tested as pigments. They showed different tints of red color and were found to be promising for applications as pigments in the field of paint manufacturing. M. F. R. Fouda, M. B. El-Kholy, S. A. Moustafa, A. I. Hussien, M. A. Wahba, and M. F. El-Shahat Copyright © 2012 M. F. R. Fouda et al. All rights reserved. Thermal, Spectral, Fluorescence, and Antimicrobial Studies of Cobalt, Nickel, Copper, and Zinc Complexes Derived from 4-[(5-Bromo-thiophen-2-ylmethylene)-amino]-3-mercapto-6-methyl-5-oxo-[1,2,4]triazine Thu, 02 Aug 2012 08:08:13 +0000 http://www.hindawi.com/journals/ijic/2012/873232/ A new series of cobalt, nickel, copper, and zinc complexes of bidentate Schiff base derived from the condensation of 5-bromothiophene-2-carboxaldehyde with 4-amino-3-mercapto-6-methyl-5-oxo-[1,2,4]triazine were synthesized. Physical (magnetic measurements, molar conductance, TG), spectral (UV-Vis, IR, 1HNMR, fluorescence, ESR), and analytical data have established the structures of synthesized Schiff base and its metal complexes. The presence of coordinated water in metal complexes was confirmed by IR and TG studies. The Schiff base exhibits a strong fluorescence emission, contrast to this partial fluorescence quenching phenomena is observed in its metal complexes. A square planar geometry for Cu(II) and octahedral geometry for Co(II), Ni(II) and Zn(II) complexes have been proposed. The Schiff base and its metal complexes have been screened for antibacterial (Staphylococcus aureus, Bacillus subtilis, Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa) and antifungal activities (Aspergillus niger, A. flavus). Kiran Singh, Yogender Kumar, Parvesh Puri, Chetan Sharma, and Kamal Rai Aneja Copyright © 2012 Kiran Singh et al. All rights reserved. Synthesis and Characterization of Functionalized Magnetic Nanoparticles for the Detection of Pesticide Tue, 05 Jun 2012 09:28:40 +0000 http://www.hindawi.com/journals/ijic/2012/439751/ We synthesized magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) by mixing aqueous solutions of 3d transition metal chlorides (MCl2โ‹…๐‘›H2O) and a sodium metasilicate nonahydrate (Na2SiO3โ‹…9H2O) in order to produce monodispersed MNPs in a single step. The particle size can be controlled by adjusting the annealing temperature. We characterized the MNPs by X-ray diffraction (XRD), superconducting quantum interference device (SQUID), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR), and zeta-potential measurement. Paramagnetic and superparamagnetic behaviors were found for the obtained samples depending on the particle size (๐‘‘=3.0โˆ’4.6 nm). The synthesized MNPs could be modified with the amino-, phenyl-, and carboxy- groups on MNPs' surface by silanization procedure, respectively. The purpose of functionalizing the surface of the nanoscale magnetic particles was to realize subsequent capture and detection with desired other molecules by nanoparticle assisted laser ionization/desorption mass spectrometry. Shu Taira, Daisaku Kaneko, Kazuki Onuma, Akio Miyazato, Tomoyuki Hiroki, Yasuko Kawamura-Konishi, and Yuko Ichiyanagi Copyright © 2012 Shu Taira et al. All rights reserved. Crystal Structure and Thermal Behavior of Two New Supramolecular Complexes Templated with 1,2,4,5-Benzenetetracarboxylic Acid Mon, 21 May 2012 09:15:16 +0000 http://www.hindawi.com/journals/ijic/2012/291682/ Templated coordination polymers [Ni(H2O)4(bipy)](BTA)0.5ยทH2O (1) and [Co(H2O)4(bipy)](BTA)0.5ยทH2O (2) (bipy = 4,4โ€ฒ-Bipyridine, H4BTA = 1,2,4,5-Benzenetetracarboxylic Acid) were synthesized and characterized by single-crystal X-ray diffraction, powder diffraction, elemental analysis, IR, and thermogravimetric analysis. Both of complexes 1 and 2 are monoclinic crystal system, C2/c space group, and isostructural. The unit of the structure, the metal ion is coordinated by four water molecules and two bipy molecules, is a slightly distorted octahedral configuration, and the carboxyl group from BTA4- ion doesn't coordinate with the metal ion, the H-bonding interactions further connect the mononuclear molecules to generate a 3D supramolecular complex. Ling-Ling Gao, Yan Liu, Xu-Yan Lv, Jian-Feng Liu, and Tuo-Ping Hu Copyright © 2012 Ling-Ling Gao et al. All rights reserved.