Table 2: Fracture toughness of VE/sawdust with varying particle sizes and percentage by weight.

w/t%
0%5%10%15%

Fracture toughness (MPa 𝑚 ), sawdust (<300 microns)27.15 (1.53)#33.31 (4.10)26.82 (2.36)27.32 (3.67)
Fracture toughness (MPa 𝑚 ), sawdust (300–425 microns)27.15 (1.53)31.14 (2.75)29.86 (3.99)34.83 (3.96)
Fracture toughness (MPa 𝑚 ), sawdust (425–1180 microns)27.15 (1.53)38.45 (4.12)50.65 (3.30)61.79 (1.90)

#Standard deviation.