About this Journal Submit a Manuscript Table of Contents
International Journal of Nephrology
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 768316, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/768316
Clinical Study

Potential Inaccuracies in Chloride Measurements in Patients with Severe Metabolic Acidosis

1Division of Nephrology, Department of Internal Medicine, Otsu Red Cross Hospital, 1-1-35 Nagara, Shiga Otsu 520-8511, Japan
2Department of Clinical Laboratory, Otsu Red Cross Hospital, 1-1-35 Nagara, Shiga Otsu 520-8511, Japan
3Department of Cardiology, Otsu Red Cross Hospital, 1-1-35 Nagara, Shiga Otsu 520-8511, Japan

Received 19 March 2012; Accepted 17 April 2012

Academic Editor: James E. Springate

Copyright © 2012 Tetsuya Makiishi et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. H. J. Adrogué, F. J. Gennari, J. H. Galla, and N. E. Madias, “Assessing acid-base disorders,” Kidney International, vol. 76, no. 12, pp. 1239–1247, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. J. H. Galla, “Metabolic alkalosis,” Journal of the American Society of Nephrology, vol. 11, no. 2, pp. 369–375, 2000. View at Scopus
  3. H. Morimatsu, J. Rocktäschel, R. Bellomo, S. Uchino, D. Goldsmith, and G. Gutteridge, “Comparison of point-of-care versus central laboratory measurement of electrolyte concentrations on calculations of the anion gap and the strong ion difference,” Anesthesiology, vol. 98, no. 5, pp. 1077–1084, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. A. Jain, I. Subhan, and M. Joshi, “Comparison of the point-of-care blood gas analyzer versus the laboratory auto-analyzer for the measurement of electrolytes,” International Journal of Emergency Medicine, vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 117–120, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. R. King and A. Campbell, “Performance of the Radiometer OSM3 and ABL505 blood gas analysers for determination of sodium, potassium and haemoglobin concentrations,” Anaesthesia, vol. 55, no. 1, pp. 65–69, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. D. A. Story, H. Morimatsu, M. Egi, and R. Bellomo, “The effect of albumin concentration on plasma sodium and chloride measurements in critically ill patients,” Anesthesia and Analgesia, vol. 104, no. 4, pp. 893–897, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. S. Vanavanan and A. Chittamma, “Performance of a multi-profile critical care testing analyzer,” Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine, vol. 46, no. 1, pp. 9–14, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. A. B. Hill, M. L. Nahrwold, D. Noonan, and P. Northrop, “A comparison of methods of blood withdrawal and sample preparation for potassium measurements,” Anesthesiology, vol. 53, no. 1, pp. 60–63, 1980. View at Scopus
  9. I. Vuillaume, S. Penet, T. Rakza et al., “High concentrations of lithium heparin decrease measured serum sodium in some analyzers,” Clinical Chemistry, vol. 45, no. 10, pp. 1880–1881, 1999. View at Scopus
  10. B. T. Doumas, L. L. Hause, D. M. Simuncak, and D. Breitenfeld, “Differences between values for plasma and serum in tests performed in the Ektachem 700 XR analyzer, and evaluation of “Plasma separator tubes (PST)”,” Clinical Chemistry, vol. 35, no. 1, pp. 151–153, 1989. View at Scopus
  11. J. A. Kraut and N. E. Madiast, “Serum anion gap: its uses and limitations in clinical medicine,” Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology, vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 162–174, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  12. M. C. Ben Rayana, R. W. Burnett, A. K. Covington et al., “Recommendation for measuring and reporting chloride by ISEs in undiluted serum, plasma or blood,” Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine, vol. 44, no. 3, pp. 346–352, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  13. G. Dimeski, T. Badrick, and A. S. John, “Ion Selective Electrodes (ISEs) and interferences—a review,” Clinica Chimica Acta, vol. 411, no. 5-6, pp. 309–317, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. J. P. Ruiz, J. R. Oster, J. Navarro, G. O. Perez, A. L. Bisno, and T. V. Brigger, “Low anion gap resulting from unexplained exposure to bromide in a patient with renal amyloidosis,” Journal of Toxicology-Clinical Toxicology, vol. 30, no. 4, pp. 663–676, 1992.
  15. R. A. Fischman, G. F. Fairclough, and J. S. Cheigh, “Iodide and negative anion gap,” New England Journal of Medicine, vol. 298, no. 18, pp. 1035–1036, 1978. View at Scopus
  16. G. Dimeski and A. E. Clague, “Bicarbonate interference with chloride-ion-selective electrodes,” Clinical Chemistry, vol. 50, no. 6, pp. 1106–1107, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. T. Ito, E. Ishikawa, Y. Matsuda et al., “Elevated serum levels of bromine do not always indicate pseudohyperchloremia,” Clinical and Experimental Nephrology, vol. 14, no. 5, pp. 431–435, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. A. M. Faulkner and M. J. Peake, “Bicarbonate interference with Hitachi chloride electrodes,” Annals of Clinical Biochemistry, vol. 28, no. 1, pp. 107–108, 1991. View at Scopus
  19. A. Fudge, B. Rumbelow, and M. Peake, “Specificity problems with Hitachi chloride electrodes,” Clinical Chemistry, vol. 40, no. 10, pp. 1985–1986, 1994. View at Scopus