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International Journal of Optics
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 351584, 11 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/351584
Research Article

Ray Tracing Methods for Correcting Chromatic Aberrations in Imaging Systems

1College of Optical Sciences, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721, USA
2Canon USA, 9030 South Rita Road, Suite 302, Tucson, AZ 85747, USA

Received 26 November 2013; Accepted 18 February 2014; Published 30 March 2014

Academic Editor: Augusto Beléndez

Copyright © 2014 Dmitry Reshidko et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The correction of chromatic aberrations is typically performed using aberration formulas or by using real ray tracing. While the use of aberration formulas might be effective for some simple optical systems, it has limitations for complex and fast systems. For this reason chromatic aberration correction is usually accomplished with real ray tracing. However, existing optimization tools in lens design software typically mix the correction of monochromatic and chromatic aberrations by construction of an error function that minimizes both aberrations at the same time. This mixing makes the correction of one aberration type dependent on the correction of the other aberration type. We show two methods to separate the chromatic aberrations correction of a lens system. In the first method we use forward and reverse ray tracing and fictitious nondispersive glasses, to cancel the monochromatic aberration content and allow the ray tracing optimization to focus mainly on the color correction. On the second method we provide the algorithm for an error function that separates aberrations. Furthermore, we also demonstrate how these ray tracing methods can be applied to athermalize an optical system. We are unaware that these simple but effective methods have been already discussed in detail by other authors.