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International Journal of Photoenergy
Volume 2010 (2010), Article ID 109495, 15 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2010/109495
Review Article

Metal Nanoparticles and Carbon-Based Nanostructures as Advanced Materials for Cathode Application in Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells

CNR, Istituto per i Processi Chimico-Fisici, Sede di Messina, Salita Sperone, C.da Papardo, 98158 Faro Superiore Messina, Italy

Received 31 December 2009; Revised 12 February 2010; Accepted 25 February 2010

Academic Editor: Gaetano Di Marco

Copyright © 2010 Pietro Calandra et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

We review the most advanced methods for the fabrication of cathodes for dye-sensitized solar cells employing nanostructured materials. The attention is focused on metal nanoparticles and nanostructured carbon, among which nanotubes and graphene, whose good catalytic properties make them ideal for the development of counter electrode substrates, transparent conducting oxide, and advanced catalyst materials.