About this Journal Submit a Manuscript Table of Contents
International Journal of Photoenergy
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 167425, 11 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/167425
Research Article

Low-Dose UVA Radiation-Induced Adaptive Response in Cultured Human Dermal Fibroblasts

Department of Dermatology, Guangzhou General Hospital of Guangzhou Military Command (Liuhuaqiao Hospital), Guangzhou 510010, China

Received 12 February 2012; Revised 6 April 2012; Accepted 3 May 2012

Academic Editor: Timon Cheng-Yi Liu

Copyright © 2012 Zhongrong Liu et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Objective. To investigate the mechanism of the adaptive response induced by low-dose ultraviolet A (UVA) radiation. Methods. Cultured dermal fibroblasts were irradiated by a lethal dose of UVA (86.4 J/cm2) with preirradiation of single or repetitive low dose of UVA (7.2 J/cm2). Alterations of cellular morphology were observed by light microscope and electron microscope. Cell cycle and cellular apoptosis were assayed by flow cytometer. The extent of DNA damage was determined by single-cell gel electrophoresis (SCGE). Results. The cultured dermal fibroblasts, with pretreatment of single or repetitive irradiation of 7.2 J/cm2 UVA relieved toxic reaction of cellular morphology and arrest of cell cycle, decreased apoptosis ratio, reduced DNA chain breakage, and accelerated DNA repair caused by subsequent 86.4 J/cm2 UVA irradiation. Compared with nonpretreatment groups, all those differences were significant (P<0.01 or P<0.05). Conclusions. The adaptation reaction might depend on the accumulated dose of low-dose UVA irradiation. Low-dose UVA radiation might induce adaptive response that may protect cultured dermal fibroblasts from the subsequent challenged dose of UVA damage. The duration and protective capability of the adaptive reaction might be related to the accumulated dose of low-dose UVA Irradiation.