Table 1: Performance characteristics of DSC under 1 sun of illumination based on a variation of acid immersion time. The active cell area is 1 cm2 and 5 cells were produced for each data point.

Acid immersion time (V) (mA/cm2)FFEfficiency (%)

0 min0.73 (0.01)7.68 (0.46)0.74 (0.01)4.15 (0.20)
1 min0.72 (0.01)8.20 (0.59)0.71 (0.02)4.17 (0.21)
5 min0.75 (0.01)9.46 (0.33)0.71 (0.03)4.98 (0.24)
20 min0.72 (0.02)9.91 (0.63)0.72 (0.02)5.12 (0.34)
60 min0.73 (0.01)9.80 (0.15)0.72 (0.01)5.09 (0.13)