About this Journal Submit a Manuscript Table of Contents
International Journal of Photoenergy
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 942139, 10 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/942139
Research Article

A Suitable Polysulfide Electrolyte for CdSe Quantum Dot-Sensitized Solar Cells

Centre for Ionics University of Malaya, Department of Physics, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

Received 22 November 2012; Revised 29 January 2013; Accepted 29 January 2013

Academic Editor: Daniel Chemisana

Copyright © 2013 H. K. Jun et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. B. O'Regan and M. Grätzel, “A low-cost, high-efficiency solar cell based on dye-sensitized colloidal TiO2 films,” Nature, vol. 353, no. 6346, pp. 737–740, 1991. View at Scopus
  2. M. Grätzel, “Dye-sensitized solar cells,” Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology C, vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 145–153, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. R. Vogel, K. Pohl, and H. Weller, “Sensitization of highly porous, polycrystalline TiO2 electrodes by quantum sized CdS,” Chemical Physics Letters, vol. 174, no. 3-4, pp. 241–246, 1990. View at Scopus
  4. R. Vogel, P. Hoyer, and H. Weller, “Quantum-sized PbS, CdS, Ag2S, Sb2S3, and Bi2S3 particles as sensitizers for various nanoporous wide-bandgap semiconductors,” Journal of Physical Chemistry, vol. 98, no. 12, pp. 3183–3188, 1994. View at Scopus
  5. P. V. Kamat, “Quantum dot solar cells. Semiconductor nanocrystals as light harvesters,” Journal of Physical Chemistry C, vol. 112, no. 48, pp. 18737–18753, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. W. W. Yu, L. H. Qu, W. Z. Guo, and X. G. Peng, “Experimental determination of the extinction coefficient of CdTe, CdSe, and CdS Nanocrystals,” Chemistry of Materials, vol. 15, no. 14, pp. 2854–2860, 2003. View at Scopus
  7. V. González-Pedro, X. Xu, I. Mora-Seró, and J. Bisquert, “Modeling high-efficiency quantum dot sensitized solar cells,” ACS Nano, vol. 4, no. 10, pp. 5783–5790, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. G. Zhu, L. Pan, T. Xu, and Z. Sun, “CdS/CdSe-cosensitized TiO2 photoanode for quantum-dot-sensitized solar cells by a microwave-assisted chemical bath deposition method,” ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces, vol. 3, no. 8, pp. 3146–3151, 2011.
  9. A. J. Nozik, “Quantum dot solar cells,” Physica E, vol. 14, no. 1-2, pp. 115–120, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. A. J. Nozik, M. C. Beard, J. M. Luther, M. Law, R. J. Ellingson, and J. C. Johnson, “Semiconductor quantum dots and quantum dot arrays and applications of multiple exciton generation to third-generation photovoltaic solar cells,” Chemical Reviews, vol. 110, no. 11, pp. 6873–6890, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. Y. Chiba, A. Islam, Y. Watanabe, R. Komiya, N. Koide, and L. Han, “Dye-sensitized solar cells with conversion efficiency of 11.1%,” Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 45, no. 24–28, pp. L638–L640, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. M. Samadpour, A. Iraji zad, N. Taghavinia, and M. Molaei, “A new structure to increase the photostability of CdTe quantum dot sensitized solar cells,” Journal of Physics D, vol. 44, no. 4, Article ID 045103, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. V. Jovanovski, V. Gonzalez-Pedro, S. Gimenez et al., “A sulfide/polysulfide-based ionic liquid electrolyte for quantum dot-sensitized solar cells,” Journal of the American Chemical Society, vol. 133, no. 50, pp. 20156–20159, 2011.
  14. M. Shalom, S. Dor, S. Rühle, L. Grinis, and A. Zaban, “Core/CdS quantum dot/shell mesoporous solar cells with improved stability and efficiency using an amorphous TiO2 coating,” Journal of Physical Chemistry C, vol. 113, no. 9, pp. 3895–3898, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. G. Hodes, “Comparison of dye- and semiconductor-sensitized porous nanocrystalline liquid junction solar cells,” Journal of Physical Chemistry C, vol. 112, no. 46, pp. 17778–17787, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. Y.-L. Lee, B.-M. Huang, and H.-T. Chien, “Highly efficient CdSe-sensitized TiO2 photoelectrode for quantum-dot-sensitized solar cell applications,” Chemistry of Materials, vol. 20, no. 22, pp. 6903–6905, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. S. Rühle, M. Shalom, and A. Zaban, “Quantum-dot-sensitized solar cells,” Chemical Physics and Physical Chemistry, vol. 11, no. 11, pp. 2290–2304, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  18. Y.- L. Lee and C.-H. Chang, “Efficient polysulfide electrolyte for CdS quantum dot-sensitized solar cells,” Journal of Power Sources, vol. 185, no. 1, pp. 584–588, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. L. J. Diguna, Q. Shen, J. Kobayashi, and T. Toyoda, “High efficiency of CdSe quantum-dot-sensitized TiO2 inverse opal solar cells,” Applied Physics Letters, vol. 91, no. 2, Article ID 023116, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. S. Giménez, I. Mora-Seró, L. Macor et al., “Improving the performance of colloidal quantum-dot-sensitized solar cells,” Nanotechnology, vol. 20, no. 29, Article ID 295204, pp. 4208–4214, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. A. Salant, M. Shalom, I. Hod, A. Faust, A. Zaban, and U. Banin, “Quantum dot sensitized solar cells with improved efficiency prepared using electrophoretic deposition,” ACS Nano, vol. 4, no. 10, pp. 5962–5968, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. Y. Tachibana, K. Umekita, Y. Otsuka, and S. Kuwabata, “Performance improvement of CdS quantum dots sensitized TiO2 solar cells by introducing a dense TiO2 blocking layer,” Journal of Physics D, vol. 41, no. 10, Article ID 102002, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. H. Lee, M. Wang, P. Chen et al., “Efficient CdSe quantum dot-sensitized solar cells prepared by an improved successive ionic layer adsorption and reaction process,” Nano Letters, vol. 9, no. 12, pp. 4221–4227, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. G. Vázquez, E. Alvarez, and J. M. Navaza, “Surface tension of alcohol + water from 20 to 50°C,” Journal of Chemical and Engineering Data, vol. 40, no. 3, pp. 611–614, 1995. View at Scopus
  25. R. Costi, A. E. Saunders, E. Elmalem, A. Salant, and U. Banin, “Visible light-induced charge retention and photocatalysis with hybrid CdSe-Au nanodumbbells,” Nano Letters, vol. 8, no. 2, pp. 637–641, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. I. Mora-Seró and J. Bisquert, “Breakthroughs in the development of semiconductor-sensitized solar cells,” Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters, vol. 1, no. 20, pp. 3046–3052, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. B. R. Müller, S. Majoni, D. Meissner, and R. Memming, “Photocatalytic oxidation of ethanol on micrometer-and nanometer-sized semiconductor particles,” Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology A, vol. 151, no. 1–3, pp. 253–265, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. Z. Yang, C.-Y. Chen, P. Roy, and H.-T. Chang, “Quantum dot-sensitized solar cells incorporating nanomaterials,” Chemical Communications, vol. 47, no. 34, pp. 9561–9571, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  29. S. Licht, “A description of energy conversion in photoelectrochemical solar cells,” Nature, vol. 330, no. 6144, pp. 148–151, 1987. View at Scopus
  30. N. Ardoin and J. Winnick, “Polysulfide solution chemistry at a CdSe photoanode,” Journal of the Electrochemical Society, vol. 135, no. 7, pp. 1719–1722, 1988.
  31. C.-Y. Chou, C.-P. Lee, R. Vittal, and K.-C. Ho, “Efficient quantum dot-sensitized solar cell with polystyrene-modified TiO2 photoanode and with guanidine thiocyanate in its polysulfide electrolyte,” Journal of Power Sources, vol. 196, no. 15, pp. 6595–6602, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. C. Zhang, Y. Huang, Z. Huo, S. Chen, and S. Dai, “Photoelectrochemical effects of guanidinium thiocyanate on dye-sensitized solar cell performance and stability,” Journal of Physical Chemistry C, vol. 113, no. 52, pp. 21779–21783, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. S. K. Sarkar, N. Chandrasekharan, S. Gorer, and G. Hodes, “Reversible adsorption-enhanced quantum confinement in semiconductor quantum dots,” Applied Physics Letters, vol. 81, no. 26, pp. 5045–5047, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  34. T. Zewdu, J. N. Clifford, J. P. Hernandez, and E. Palomares, “Photo-induced charge transfer dynamics in efficient TiO2/CdS/CdSe sensitized solar cells,” Energy and Environmental Science, vol. 4, no. 11, pp. 4633–4638, 2011.
  35. M. A. Hossain, J. R. Jennings, C. Shen et al., “CdSe-sensitized mesoscopic TiO 2 solar cells exhibiting >5% efficiency: redundancy of CdS buffer layer,” Journal of Materials Chemistry, vol. 22, no. 32, pp. 16235–16242, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  36. H. J. Lee, J. Bang, J. Park, S. Kim, and S.-M. Park, “Multilayered semiconductor (CdS/CdSe/ZnS)-sensitized TiO2 mesoporous solar cells: all prepared by successive ionic layer adsorption and reaction processes,” Chemistry of Materials, vol. 22, no. 19, pp. 5636–5643, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  37. P. V. Kamat, “Boosting the efficiency of quantum dot sensitized solar cells through modulation of interfacial charge transfer,” Accounts of Chemical Research, vol. 45, no. 11, pp. 1906–1915, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar