Table 1: Percentage of newborn pups attaching to nipples of anesthetized dams ( per condition). *P < .05

Group% attached

Vaginal birth (22°C)90
Cesarean birth
 Room (22°C)
  Compressed89*
  Noncompressed44
 Nest (33°C)
  Compressed56
  Noncompressed67
 Intrauterine (36°C)
  Compressed89
  Noncompressed78