Table 5: (a) Psychiatric diagnoses of the orphans in relation to variables. (b) Psychiatric diagnoses of the orphans in relation to variables.
(a)

VariablesEnuresisADHD Separation anxiety disorder Oppositional defiant disorderSpeech disordersSleep disorders

Gender
 Male450.108370.732130.388320.78640.286220.623
 Female161561406
Age (years)
 6–833181218214
 8–10120.0368190.05510.0001*210.64110.84460.399
 10–1216156716
Reason of institutionalization
 Abandonment30301426313
 Orphanage140.732130.520.0001*140.34810.57710.0001*
 Disturbed family integrity17936014
Moves between institutions
 12739824412
 2280.546130.085790.355150.33100.001*100.449
 3602706
Sex of caregiver
 Male130.202150.93670.58440.94110.0001*50.601
 Female84371242323
Stability of caregiver
 Stable >6 months420.972370.935150.453320.91410.0001*190.593
 Unstable201541439
Length of institutionalization
 Less than 2 years370.357430.793150.366370.96810.017*220.623
 More than 2 years2494936

Significant, *Significant, n: number, ADHD: attention deficit hyperkinetic disorder.
(b)

VariablesConduct disordersDepressionTicsLearning disordersDysthymiaSchizophrenia

Gender
 Male380.907160.36010.001*40.004*10.001*00.0001*
 Female831211
Age (years)
 6–811100300
 8–10120.27950.92310.84400.62320.0001*10.661
 10–12341300
Reason for institutionalization
 Abandonment1061321
 Orphanage110.62080.29010.61920.08600.09400.391
 Disturbed family integrity550100
Moves between institutions
 11680110
 260.49270.35720.27920.21600.54610.923
 3440100
Sex of caregiver
 Male30.53870.58400.0001*10.0001*20.12500.215
 Female23122511
Stability of caregiver
 Stable >6 months170.507100.57520.12330.018*00.003*00.235
 Unstable990321
Length of institutionalization
 Less than 2 years190.489130.38700.0001*40.043*10.001*00.007*
 More than 2 years762211

significant, *Statistically significant.