- About this Journal ·
- Abstracting and Indexing ·
- Advance Access ·
- Aims and Scope ·
- Article Processing Charges ·
- Articles in Press ·
- Author Guidelines ·
- Bibliographic Information ·
- Citations to this Journal ·
- Contact Information ·
- Editorial Board ·
- Editorial Workflow ·
- Free eTOC Alerts ·
- Publication Ethics ·
- Reviewers Acknowledgment ·
- Submit a Manuscript ·
- Subscription Information ·
- Table of Contents
International Journal of Pediatrics
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 359430, 6 pages
Economic Analysis of a Pediatric Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia Prevention Initiative in Nicaragua
1University Research Co., LLC and EnCompass LLC, 7200 Wisconsin Avenue No. 600, Bethesda, MD 20814, USA
2Componente Materno Infantil, University Research Co., LLC, De La Vicky 1, Cuarda al Oeste 1, Edificio Plaza San Ramon, 2° Nivel, Puerta 7, Managua, Nicaragua
3Comité de Infecciones Intrahospitalarias, Infantil Manuel Jesus Rivera Hospital, Barrio Ariel Darce, Managua, Nicaragua
4Departamento de Neonatología, Bertha Calderón Hospital, Del Centro Comercial Zumen 1, Cuadra al Oeste, Managua, Nicaragua
Received 27 June 2011; Revised 31 October 2011; Accepted 2 November 2011
Academic Editor: P. D. Brophy
Copyright © 2012 Edward I. Broughton et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
- O. C. Tablan, L. J. Anderson, R. Besser, C. Bridges, and R. Hajjeh, “Guidelines for preventing health-care—associated pneumonia, 2003: recommendations of CDC and the Healthcare Infection Control Practices Advisory Committee,” Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, vol. 53, no. RR-3, pp. 1–36, 2004.
- K. A. Davis, “Ventilator-associated pneumonia: a review,” Journal of Intensive Care Medicine, vol. 21, no. 4, pp. 211–226, 2006.
- A. M. Elward, D. K. Warren, and V. J. Fraser, “Ventilator-associated pneumonia in pediatric intensive care unit patients: risk factors and outcomes,” Pediatrics, vol. 109, no. 5, pp. 758–764, 2002.
- M. T. Bigham, R. Amato, P. Bondurrant et al., “Ventilator-associated pneumonia in the pediatric intensive care unit: characterizing the problem and implementing a sustainable solution,” Journal of Pediatrics, vol. 154, no. 4, pp. 582–587, 2009.
- M. A. Q. Curley, E. Schwalenstocker, J. K. Deshpande et al., “Tailoring the institute for health care Improvement 100,000 lives campaign to pediatric settings: the example of ventilator-associated pneumonia,” Pediatric Clinics of North America, vol. 53, no. 6, pp. 1231–1251, 2006.
- R. J. Brilli, K. W. Sparling, M. R. Lake et al., “The business case for preventing ventilator-associated pneumonia in pediatric intensive care unit patients,” Joint Commission Journal on Quality and Patient Safety, vol. 34, no. 11, pp. 629–638, 2008.
- V. D. Rosenthal, D. G. Maki, S. Jamulitrat et al., “International Nosocomial Infection Control Consortium (INICC) report, data summary for 2003–2008, issued June 2009,” American Journal of Infection Control, vol. 38, no. 2, pp. 95–104, 2010.
- Ministerio de Salud, Nicaragua, Database of Hospital Epidemiology: Report, Managua, Nicaragua, 2011.
- T. C. Hsieh, S. H. Hsia, C. T. Wu, T. Y. Lin, C. C. Chang, and K. S. Wong, “Frequency of ventilator-associated pneumonia with 3-day versus 7-day ventilator circuit changes,” Pediatrics and Neonatology, vol. 51, no. 1, pp. 37–43, 2010.
- B. H. Stover, S. T. Shulman, D. F. Bratcher, M. T. Brady, G. L. Levine, and W. R. Jarvis, “Nosocomial infection rates in US children's hospitals' neonatal and pediatric intensive care units,” American Journal of Infection Control, vol. 29, no. 3, pp. 152–157, 2001.
- Ministerio de Salud, Nicaragua, Manuel de Habilitacion de Establecimientos Proveedores de Servicios Salud, Managua, Nicaragua, 2011.
- M. Maxwell, D. Heaney, J. G. R. Howie, and S. Noble, “General practice fundholding: observations on prescribing patterns and costs using the defined daily dose method,” British Medical Journal, vol. 307, no. 6913, pp. 1190–1194, 1993.
- R. Salvatierra, Costo de Infección Nosocomial en Nueve Países de América Latina, In. OPS/DPC/CD/271/03, Gonzales editora, 2003.
- C. L. Murray and A. Lopez, The Global Burden of Disease, Harvard University Press, Boston, Mass, USA, 1996.
- J. Profit, D. Lee, J. A. Zupancic et al., “Clinical benefits, costs, and cost-effectiveness of neonatal intensive care in Mexico,” PLoS Medicine, vol. 7, no. 12, Article ID e1000379, 2010.
- Pan American Health Organization, “Nicaragua: demographic indicators,” 2011, http://www.paho.org/english/sha/prflnic.htm.
- H. Sharma, D. Singh, P. Pooni, and U. Mohan, “A study of profile of ventilator-associated pneumonia in children in Punjab,” Journal of Tropical Pediatrics, vol. 55, no. 6, Article ID fmp019, pp. 393–395, 2009.
- B. R. Taira, K. E. Fenton, T. K. Lee et al., “Ventilator-associated pneumonia in pediatric trauma patients,” Pediatric Critical Care Medicine, vol. 10, no. 4, pp. 491–494, 2009.
- S. I. Acosta-Gnass, L. M. Barboza, D. T. Bilicich, and M. I. Gómez, “Costo de la neumonía nosocomial asociada a ventilación mecánica, Sanatorio Adventista del Plata, Argentina,” Revista Panamerica Infectologia, vol. 10, supplement 1, no. 4, pp. S78–S82, 2008.
- E. Foglia, M. D. Meier, and A. Elward, “Ventilator-associated pneumonia in neonatal and pediatric intensive care unit patients,” Clinical Microbiology Reviews, vol. 20, no. 3, pp. 409–425, 2007.
- J. Dubose, P. G. R. Teixeira, K. Inaba et al., “Measurable outcomes of quality improvement using a daily quality rounds checklist: one-year analysis in a trauma intensive care unit with sustained ventilator-associated pneumonia reduction,” Journal of Trauma, vol. 69, no. 4, pp. 855–860, 2010.