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International Journal of Pediatrics
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 364716, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/364716
Review Article

Highlights for the Management of a Child with Hypertension

Department of Pediatrics, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas, 5323 Harry Hines Boulevard, Dallas, TX 75235-9063, USA

Received 3 May 2012; Accepted 26 June 2012

Academic Editor: Jyothsna Gattineni

Copyright © 2012 Mouin G. Seikaly. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Over the past several decades, childhood hypertension has undergone a considerable conceptual change, as hypertension is a predictor of future development of cardiovascular disease in adults. Childhood hypertension has distinctive features that distinguish it from hypertension in adults. Pediatric hypertension is often secondary. It is widely believed that therapeutic intervention at an early age favorably modifies the long-term outcome of hypertension. Despite its significance as a cause for morbidity, childhood hypertension is underdiagnosed and less studied with many basic issues remaining contentious.