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International Journal of Pediatrics
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 473541, 13 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/473541
Review Article

The Prevention of Noise Induced Hearing Loss in Children

Auditory Science Laboratory, Department of Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery, University of Toronto and The Hospital for Sick Children, 555 University Avenue, Toronto, ON, Canada M5G 1X8

Received 11 June 2012; Revised 14 November 2012; Accepted 16 November 2012

Academic Editor: Joel R. Rosh

Copyright © 2012 Robert V. Harrison. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Increasingly, our acoustic environment is filled with amplified sound sources (e.g., MP3 players, video game stations, and sports/entertainment venues). There is serious concern and also some controversy about the risks of acoustic trauma in children. This overview provides some basic information on the physiological mechanisms that lead to noise induced hearing loss, a survey of various studies that, on balance, indicates that there is cause for concern, and finally a discussion on measures that can help to prevent noise induced hearing loss in children. This paper is designed for public health and other healthcare professions (ENT, audiologists, family doctors, and pediatricians) who should understand the risks of noise induced hearing loss and its prevention.