About this Journal Submit a Manuscript Table of Contents
International Journal of Pediatrics
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 820680, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/820680
Clinical Study

Influence of First-Time Mothers' Early Employment on Severe Early Childhood Caries in Their Child

1Australian Research Centre for Population Oral Health, School of Dentistry, The University of Adelaide, Adelaide, SA 5005, Australia
2Department of Obstetrics, Gynaecology and Reproductive Medicine, Flinders Medical Centre, Flinders University, Bedford Park, SA 5042, Australia

Received 26 June 2012; Revised 12 September 2012; Accepted 12 September 2012

Academic Editor: Lavjay Butani

Copyright © 2012 Kamila Plutzer and Marc J. N. C. Keirse. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Aim. To examine whether mothers' early employment status is related to the development of severe early childhood caries in their child. Methods. Questionnaire survey of 429 first-time mothers in metropolitan Adelaide, South Australia, and dental examinations of their child at 20 months of age. Results. At months of age, 5.6% of children exhibited caries defined as one or more demineralized or cavitated lesions on the upper incisors. Of the mothers, 52.2% had no paid employment, 39.6% were part-time and 8.2% full-time employed. Overall, mothers' participation in the workforce had no influence on the frequency of severe early childhood caries in their child, but there was a significant interaction with family structure. For mothers without employment there was no difference between single, and two-parent families, but children with an employed single mother more frequently had caries than those with a working mother in a two-parent family ( ). However, there were no significant differences in children's reported general health. Conclusions. The data indicate a need to explore strategies that may assist single mothers and especially those in the workforce to prevent severe early childhood caries in their child.