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International Journal of Pediatrics
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 168459, 8 pages
Research Article

Short-Term Effects of Pacifier Texture on NNS in Neurotypical Infants

1Communication Neuroscience Laboratories, Department of Speech-Language-Hearing, Sciences and Disorders, University of Kansas, Room 3001, 1000 Sunnyside Avenue, Lawrence, KS 66045-7555, USA
2Innara Health, Shawnee, KS 66227, USA
3SPLH, Neuroscience, Human Biology and Bioengineering Director, Communication Neuroscience Laboratories, University of Kansas, Room 3001, 1000 Sunnyside Avenue, Lawrence, KS 66045-7555, USA

Received 6 February 2013; Revised 4 April 2013; Accepted 4 April 2013

Academic Editor: Steven M. Donn

Copyright © 2013 Austin L. Oder et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The dense representation of trigeminal mechanosensitive afferents in the lip vermilion, anterior tongue, intraoral mucosa, and temporomandibular joint allows the infant’s orofacial system to encode a wide range of somatosensory experiences during the critical period associated with feed development. Our understanding of how this complex sensorium processes texture is very limited in adults, and the putative role of texture encoding in the infant is unknown. The purpose of this study was to examine the short-term effects of a novel textured pacifier experience in healthy term infants ( ). Nonnutritive suck (NNS) compression pressure waveforms were digitized in real time using a variety of custom-molded textured pacifiers varying in spatial array density of touch domes. MANCOVA, adjusted for postmenstrual age at test and sex, revealed that infants exhibited an increase in NNS burst attempts at the expense of a degraded suck burst structure with the textured pacifiers, suggesting that the suck central pattern generator (sCPG) is significantly disrupted and reorganized by this novel orocutaneous experience. The current findings provide new insight into oromotor control as a function of the oral somatosensory environment in neurotypically developing infants.