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International Journal of Pediatrics
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 514578, 3 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/514578
Clinical Study

Decrease in Hospitalizations for Pneumonia in Children under Five Years of Age in an Indian Reservation in Panama after the Introduction of the Heptavalent Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine (PCV7)

1Instituto Conmemorativo Gorgas de Estudios de la Salud, Pediatric Infectious Diseases, Panama
2Hospital Materno Infantil José Domingo de Obaldía, Panama

Received 21 February 2013; Accepted 11 April 2013

Academic Editor: George Jallo

Copyright © 2013 Javier Nieto Guevara et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

This study quantifies the impact of Heptavalent-Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine (PCV7) in Panama on indigenous children younger than 5 years old, based on clinical pneumonia cases. This study demonstrates a significant 41.2% reduction in hospitalizations and 38.6% reduction in referrals for pneumonia following the introduction of PCV7. Burden of disease from pneumonia appears reduced in the ≤12-month- and 13-to-24-month-old groups.