Table 3: M-mode echocardiographic data of patients compared to controls.

M-modeNMean±SDt-testP value

LVIDD (cm)Patients243.841.184.8600.001**
Control202.520.29

LVIDS (cm)Patients243.131.244.2230.001**
Control201.950.06

EDV (mL)Patients2479.1655.253.645<0.05*
Control2033.902.26

ESV (mL)Patients2450.7942.293.8060.001**
Control2014.701.78

EF%Patients244517.464.3850.001**
Control 2062.252.44

FS%Patients2422.9110.723.8550.001**
Control2032.251.40

LA/AOPatients241.780.882.006>0.05
Control200.880.30

Highly significant, *Significant. LVIDD: left ventricular internal diameter in diastole, LVIDS: left ventricular internal diameter in systole, EF: ejection fraction, FS: fraction shortening, AO: aortic annulus, LA: left atrium, EDV: end-diastolic volume, ESV: end-systolic volume, LA: left atrium, and Ao: aorta.