Table 2: Meta-analyses of probiotics in neonates.

Number of trialsInclusion criteriaNumber of infantsSepsis (RR; 95% CI)NEC (RR; 95% CI) Mortality (RR; 95% CI)

Deshpande et al., 2007 [42]7<33 wks
<1500 g
13930.94; 0.74–1.200.36; 0.20–0.650.47; 0.30–0.73
Deshpande et al., 2010 [43]11 <34 wks
<1500 g
21760.98; 0.81–1.180.35; 0.23–0.550.42; 0.29–0.62
Alfaleh et al., 2011 [44]16<37 wks
<2500 g
28420.90, 0.76–1.070.35, 0.24–0.520.40, 0.27–0.60
Wang et al., 2012 [46]20<34 wks
<1500 g
38160.90; 0.71–1.150.33; 0.24–0.460.56; 0.43–0.73