Table 3: Prevalence and cross-sectional association between ear infection and health service use.

Health services Children aged 4 to 5 yearsChildren aged 10 to 11 years
% ( )Ear infection % prevalence ( )Odds ratios and value% ( )Ear infection % prevalence ( )Odds ratios and value

General practitioners
 No6.2 (66)OR = 1.001.6 (26)OR = 1.00
 Yes63.2% (3115)8.4 (263)OR  =  1.38;  
P   =  0.022
61.8% (2573)4.4 (113)OR  =  2.76; 
P   <  0.001
Hospital outpatients
 No7.2 (272)OR = 1.00 3.2 (127)OR = 1.00
 Yes8.3% (409)13.9 (57)OR  =  2.08;  
P   <  0.001
5.6% (231)5.2 (12)OR = 1.64;
Pediatrician
 No3.2 (124)OR = 1.00
 YesN/A6.3% (264)5.7 (15)OR  =  1.83;  
P   =  0.031
Early intervention services
 No7.7 (280)OR = 1.003.2 (133)OR = 1.00
 Yes8.3% (415)9.1 (49)OR = 1.20;
1.5% (64)9.4 (6)OR  =  3.08;
P   =  0.010
Speech therapy
 No7.3 (266)OR = 1.00 3.2 (128)OR = 1.00
 Yes10.9% (538)12.3 (63)OR  =  1.79;
P   <  0.001
10.4% (513)9.6 (11)OR  =  3.24;
P   <  0.001
Other specialist
 No3.0 (109)OR = 1.00
 YesN/A11.8% (492)6.1 (30)OR  =  2.12;
P   <  0.001