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International Journal of Pediatrics
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 972034, 9 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/972034
Review Article

Management of Pediatric and Adolescent Type 2 Diabetes

Department of Pediatrics, Division of Pediatric Endocrinology, McMaster Children’s Hospital, McMaster University, 1280 Main Street West, Room 3A-57, Hamilton, ON, Canada L8S 4K1

Received 13 July 2013; Accepted 20 August 2013

Academic Editor: Namık Yaşar Özbek

Copyright © 2013 M. Constantine Samaan. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Type 2 diabetes (T2D) was an adult disease until recently, but the rising rates of obesity around the world have resulted in a younger age at presentation. Children who have T2D have several comorbidities and complications reminiscent of adult diabetes, but these are appearing in teens instead of midlife. In this review, we discuss the clinical presentation and management options for youth with T2D. We discuss the elements of lifestyle intervention programs and allude to pharmacotherapeutic options used in the treatment of T2D youth. We also discuss comorbidities and complications seen in T2D in children and adolescents.