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International Journal of Pediatrics
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 837471, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/837471
Research Article

Female Genital Mutilation in Infants and Young Girls: Report of Sixty Cases Observed at the General Hospital of Abobo (Abidjan, Cote D’Ivoire, West Africa)

1Department of Pediatrics, General Hospital of Abobo, 14 PB 125 Abidjan 14, Cote D'Ivoire
2Department of Pediatrics, University Teaching Hospital of Bouake, 01 BP 1174 Bouake 01, Cote D'Ivoire

Received 8 August 2013; Revised 30 December 2013; Accepted 17 January 2014; Published 4 March 2014

Academic Editor: Hans Juergen Laws

Copyright © 2014 Kouie Plo et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The practice of female genital mutilations continues to be recurrent in African communities despite the campaigns, fights, and laws to ban it. A survey was carried out in infants and young girls at the General Hospital of Abobo in Cote D’Ivoire. The purpose of the study was to describe the epidemiological aspects and clinical findings related to FGM in young patients. Four hundred nine (409) females aged from 1 to 12 years and their mothers entered the study after their consent. The results were that 60/409 patients (15%) were cut. The majority of the young females came from Muslim families (97%); the earlier age at FGM procedure in patients is less than 5 years: 87%. Amongst 409 mothers, 250 women underwent FGM which had other daughters cut. Women were mainly involved in the FGM and their motivations were virginity, chastity, body cleanliness, and fear of clitoris similar to penis. Only WHO types I and II were met. If there were no incidental events occurred at the time of the procedure, the obstetrical future of these young females would be compromised. With FGM being a harmful practice, health professionals and NGOs must unite their efforts in people education to abandon the procedure.