Table 1: Sociodemographic correlates of, and group differences in, CD-RISC total and factor scores.

VariableGroupTotal resilienceFactor 1Factor 2Factor 3Factor 4Factor 5
Median Median Median Median Median Median

Age12–1466.5640.32124640.11614640.80814640.5959640.0515640.627
15-166866246614661466966666
17-1857.536203615.5361336736636

GenderMale5886<0.0012086<0.00113860.00212860.0057.586<0.0015860.051
Female7084258416841484984684

Migration regionAfrica60530.19221530.18913530.07012530.0028530.9346530.048
Former Yugoslavia6935243517351535935535
Middle East6782238213.5821382982682

Years since arrival<55984<0.00120840.0021384<0.00111.584<0.0018840.0416840.477
≥57182258217821582982582

Exposed to traumaYes60590.16621590.25914590.17212590.0268590.3006590.415
No6898249815981498998698

Help sought (self-report)Yes52130.07618130.08811130.01612130.1788130.3175130.493
No6514523145141451414591456145

Help sought (parent report)Yes54.5100.06019100.10011.5100.0729.5100.0128100.1296.5100.381
No6811823.5118151181411891186118

CDI categoryNondepressed681380.010
Depressed488

SDQ categoryNormal681530.004
Borderline4910
Abnormal447

Note. Results reaching statistical significance at an alpha level of appear in boldface.
Maximum participants with no missing data on the CD-RISC. Further missing data in some of the sociodemographic correlates resulted in some N’s being less than 170.