Table 1: Mixed-mode properties of SeraFILE surface structuresa. Table shows potential numbers of hydrogen bond donor/acceptor groups, numbers of cationic/anionic groups, and number of ring structures in the surface ligands, along with relative hydrophobicity of the ligands.

SurfaceHydrogen bond Cationic groupsAnionic groupsRelative hydrophobicitybRings
Donor groupsAcceptor groups

Surfaces used in the studyA1212
B16321
D14221
MMultipolymer1
N11

Surfaces initially screened, but not used in the studyPN3331
EMultipolymer3
APMultipolymer1
AM1211
SMultipolymer5Multipolymer
F14
C12151
PL13
PA11141
PC151

aIn cases of polymers, only predominant effect is considered.
bScale 1–5: low-high.