Table 1: Biomaterial properties.

MaterialDensity (g/cm3) (Ωm)Tensile strength (MPa)Yield strength (MPa)Modulus (GPa)

Bone longitudinal-radial hydrated [8, 9]1.8–2.146–15070–15030–7015–30
Titanium grades 1–4 [9, 18]4.5–4.5110−7240–550170–485104–110
Titanium-6-4aluminum vanadium alloy [8, 9, 18]4.4–5.010−8860–1103795–1034116–120
Bisphenyl Unidirectional [1, 2, 18, 19]1.65780–1850145–325
Bisphenyl Unidirectional 4-pt. bend [1, 2, 19]1.65790–1800120–255
Bisphenyl/QFb Exp.Uni-woven laminate 4-pt. bend [17, 19]1.49 5963 774 64
Bisphenyl 3-D Woven E-Glass 3-pt. Bend X-Y planes [17]576 441 26

aResistivity = 1/conductivity.
bCF: carbon fiber; QF: quartz fiber.
cExperimental standard deviations in parentheses.