- About this Journal
- Abstracting and Indexing
- Aims and Scope
- Article Processing Charges
- Articles in Press
- Author Guidelines
- Bibliographic Information
- Citations to this Journal
- Contact Information
- Editorial Board
- Editorial Workflow
- Free eTOC Alerts
- Publication Ethics
- Reviewers Acknowledgment
- Submit a Manuscript
- Subscription Information
- Table of Contents
International Journal of Polymer Science
Volume 2011 (2011), Article ID 279610, 6 pages
Isolation of Cellulose Nanofibers: Effect of Biotreatment on Hydrogen Bonding Network in Wood Fibers
Department of Chemical Engineering & Applied Chemistry, University of Toronto, 200 College Street, Toronto, ON, Canada M5S 3E5
Received 10 March 2011; Accepted 3 May 2011
Academic Editor: Susheel Kalia
Copyright © 2011 Sreekumar Janardhnan and Mohini Sain. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
- F. A. L. Clowes and B. E. Juniper, Plant Cells, Blackwell Scientific Publications, 1968.
- C. Y. Liang and R. H. Marchessault, “Infrared spectra of crystalline polysaccharides. I. Hydrogen bonds in native celluloses,” Journal of Polymer Science, vol. 37, pp. 385–395, 1959.
- A. Chakraborty, M. Sain, and M. Kortschot, “Cellulose microfibrils: a novel method of preparation using high shear refining and cryocrushing,” Holzforschung, vol. 59, no. 1, pp. 102–107, 2005.
- K. Tashiro and M. Kobayashi, “Theoretical evaluation of three-dimensional elastic constants of native and regenerated celluloses: role of hydrogen bonds,” Polymer, vol. 32, no. 8, pp. 1516–1526, 1991.
- L. A. Burglund, Cellulose Based Nanobiocomposites, CRC Press LLC, 2004.
- S. Janardhnan and M. Sain, “Isolation of cellulose microfibrils—an enzymatic approach,” Bio-Resources, vol. 1, no. 2, pp. 176–188, 2006.
- W. Bolaski, A. Gallatin, and J. C. Gallatin, “Enzymatic Conversion of Cellulosic Fibers,” United States Patent no. 3, 041,246, 1959.
- W. D. Yerkes, “Process for the digestion of cellulosic materials by enzymatic action of Trametes suaveolens,” United States Patent 3, 406,089, 1985.
- Y. Nomura, “Digestion of pulp,” 1985, Japanese Patent no. 126, 395/85.
- J. L. Fuentes and M. Robert, “Process of treatment of a paper pulp by an enzymic solution,” European Patent 262040, 1988.
- I. Uchimoto, K. Endo, and Y. Yamagishi, “Improvement of deciduous tree pulp,” Japanese Patent no. 135, 1988.
- M. G. Paice and L. Jurasek, “Removing hemicellulose from pulps by specific enzymic hydrolysis,” Journal of Wood Chemistry and Technology, vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 187–198, 1984.
- L. Jurasek and M. G. Paice, “Biological treatments of pulps,” Biomass, vol. 15, no. 2, pp. 103–108, 1988.
- D. Fengel, “Characterization of cellulose by deconvoluting the OH valency range in the FTIR spectra,” Holzforschung, vol. 46, no. 4, pp. 283–288, 1992.
- D. Fengel, “Influence of water on the OH valency range in deconvoluted FT-IR spectra of cellulose,” Holzforschung, vol. 47, pp. 103–108, 1993.
- A. J. Michell, “Second derivative F.t.-i.r. spectra of celluloses I and II and related mono- and oligo-saccharides,” Carbohydrate Research, vol. 173, no. 2, pp. 185–195, 1988.
- A. J. Michell, “Second-derivative F.t.-i.r. spectra of native celluloses,” Carbohydrate Research, vol. 197, no. C, pp. 53–60, 1990.
- J. Sugiyama, J. Persson, and H. Chanzy, “Combined infrared and electron diffraction study of the polymorphism of native celluloses,” Macromolecules, vol. 24, no. 9, pp. 2461–2466, 1991.
- A. J. Michell, “Second-derivative FTIR spectra of native celluloses from Valonia and tunicin,” Carbohydrate Research, vol. 241, pp. 47–54, 1993.
- J. H. Wiley and R. H. Atalla, “Band assignments in the raman spectra of celluloses,” Carbohydrate Research, vol. 160, no. C, pp. 113–129, 1987.
- D. Gulati, Modification of interface in natural fiber reinforced composites, M.A.Sc thesis, University of Toronto, 2006.